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Quia Level 1 Quarter 1 Week 1. Pitch. Definition : How high or low a note sounds Example: The highest pitch sounds came at the end of the song. Beat. Definition: The steady pulse in music Example: The song played on the radio had a catchy beat. Beat Vs. Count.

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pitch
Pitch

Definition: How high or low a note sounds

Example: The highestpitchsounds came at the end of the song.

slide3
Beat

Definition:The steady pulse in music

Example: The song played on the radio had a catchy beat.

beat vs count
Beat Vs. Count

BEATis the steady pulse in the music and COUNT is how we measure the beat in the music.

music staff
Music Staff

A music staff has FIVE lines and FOUR spaces

A music staff is what

the notes go on

treble clef
Treble Clef

This is a TREBLE CLEF.

The treble clef is used to indicate notes in a higher range.

**Practice drawing treble clefs**

note durations
Note Durations

Note Name: Flagged Eighth Note

Note Duration: 1/2 count

Note Name: Barred Eighth Note

Note Duration: 1/2 (+) 1/2 = 1

note durations1
Note Durations

Note Name: Quarter Note

Note Duration: 1 Count

Note Name: Half Note

Note Duration: 2 Counts

note durations2
Note Durations

Note Name: Dotted Half Note

Note Duration: 3 Counts

Note Name: Whole Note

Note Duration: 4 Counts

music alphabet
Music Alphabet

A

G

B

C

F

E

D

The Music Alphabet consists of seven notes. Once you get to G you go back to A and repeat again.

note names
Note Names

F

E

D

C

B

A

G

F

E

D

Middle C

note names1
Note Names

What do the letters of the spaces spell?

E

Top Space: E

C

2nd Space: C

A

3rd Space: A

F

Bottom Space: F

note names2
Note Names

F

What is a saying we can use to remember the lines?

Top Line: F

D

2nd Line: D

B

3rd Line: B

G

4th Line: G

Bottom Line: E

E

bar line
Bar Line

Definition: A single vertical line that is used to separate music into measures

measure
Measure

Definition: the area between bar lines that contains the notes and rhythms

double bar line
Double Bar Line

Definition: Two straight lines used to mark the end of a piece of music

time signatures
Time Signatures

Definition: Time signatures tell us how many beats per measure and what note gets the beat.

time signatures1
Time Signatures

Time signatures are shown like fractions:

Top Number = How many beats per measure

Bottom Number = What note gets the beat

time signatures2
Time Signatures

Top Number = How Many Beats per Measure

Top Number = 4 =

4 Beats Per Measure

Top Number = 3 =

3 Beats Per Measure

Top Number = 95 =

95 Beats Per Measure

time signatures3
Time Signatures

_____

4

Bottom Number = What note gets the beat

1. Pretend it is a fraction

__1__

4

=

time signatures4
Time Signatures

2. Transfer fraction into words

Bottom Number = What note gets the beat

One-fourth

OR

One Quarter

__1__

4

=

time signatures5
Time Signatures

3. Because of fraction is ONE QUARTER, we know that the QUARTER NOTE gets the beat

Bottom Number = What note gets the beat

time signatures6
Time Signatures

Common Time –

Another way of writing a 4/4 time signature. It means the SAME as a 4/4 time signature does

time signatures7
Time Signatures

= 4 Beats Per Measure

= Quarter Note gets the Beat

= 3 Beats Per Measure

= Quarter Note gets the Beat

time signatures8
Time Signatures

= 6 Beats Per Measure

= Eighth Note gets the Beat

= 9 Beats Per Measure

= Eighth Note gets the Beat

rhythm
Rhythm

Definition: The patterns of long and short sounds and silence in music.

Example: Therhythmof the song had everyone up dancing

rhythm examples
Rhythm Examples

STEP 1: HOW MANY BEATS PER MEASURE?

4

rhythm examples1
Rhythm Examples

STEP 2: WHAT NOTE GETS THE BEAT?

Quarter

rhythm examples2
Rhythm Examples

STEP 3: ALWAYS START WITH 1.

1

rhythm examples3
Rhythm Examples

STEP 4: FILL IN THE REST OF THE COUNTS.

A plus sign (+) will be used for the second half of the beat

1 2 + 3 + 4

rhythm examples4
Rhythm Examples

For these rhythms, you must have four full counts in every example.

An underscore (_) will be used when notes receive more than one count

1 + 2_3 4 +

rhythm examples5
Rhythm Examples

A space will go between counts for new notes

1_2_3 4 1_2_3_4

1_2_3 4 1_2 3_4

rhythm examples6
Rhythm Examples

1_2_3 4 +

1 2 + 3_4

rhythm fill in the blank
Rhythm Fill in the Blank

What notes will complete the following measures? Write in the note name

Quarter Note

Whole Note

Half Note

solfege
Solfege

Definition: A series of syllables that correspond to the notes of the scale

solfege1
Solfege

DO

TI

LA

SOL

FA

MI

RE

DO

solfege2
Solfege

If Cis “DO”…

solfege3
Solfege

If C is “DO”…

solfege4
Solfege

DO

TI

LA

SOL

FA

MI

RE

DO

solfege5
Solfege

If F is “DO”…

solfege6
Solfege

If F is “DO”…

solfege7
Solfege

DO RE MI RE DO MI SOL LA SOL FA MI RE SOL DO

solfege8
Solfege

If G is “DO”…

solfege9
Solfege

If G is “DO”…

solfege10
Solfege

DO MI SOL SOL MI DO TI LA SOL SOL LA TI DO

rests
Rests

Definition: A rest is a time in the music when no singing or playing occurs

rest types
Rest Types

Rest Name: Eighth Rest

Rest Duration: 1/2 count

Rest Name: Quarter Rest

Rest Duration: 1 count

rest types1
Rest Types

Rest Name: Half Rest

Rest Duration: 2 counts

Rest Name: Whole Rest

Rest Duration: 4 counts

major scale
Major Scale

Definition:A series of notes based on musical steps

solfege for a major scale
Solfege for a Major Scale

DO

TI LA SOLFAMIREDO

solfege11
Solfege

If E is “DO”…

solfege12
Solfege

If E is “DO”…

solfege13
Solfege

DO SOL DO SOL MI RE DO MI FA SOL LA TI DO

solfege14
Solfege

If A is “DO”…

solfege15
Solfege

If A is “DO”…

solfege16
Solfege

RE RE DO RE MI FA SOL SOL FA MI RE DO SOL DO

solfege17
Solfege

If F is “DO”…

solfege18
Solfege

If F is “DO”…

solfege19
Solfege

DO RE MI RE DO MI SOL LA SOL FA MI RE SOL DO

rhythm and rests
Rhythm and Rests

Remember to check your time signatures!

Parentheses go around rest counts to indicate silence

1 + 2 (3) + 4 (1) 2_3_4

rhythm and rests1
Rhythm and Rests

1_2_3 4 + (1_2_3_4)

rhythm and rests2
Rhythm and Rests

1 + (2_3) 4 + 1_2_3 (4) +

rhythm fill in the blank1
Rhythm Fill in the Blank

What rest would complete the following measures?

Quarter Rest

Half Rest

Whole Rest

dynamics
Dynamics

Definition:How loud or soft you sing

There are different symbols and words for different dynamic levels.

dynamics1
Dynamics

English Word

Italian Word

Fortissimo

Forte

Mezzo Forte

Mezzo Piano

Piano

Pianissimo

Crescendo

Decrescendo

Very Loud/Strong

Loud/Strong

Medium Loud/Strong

Medium Soft

Soft

Very Soft

Gradually get louder

Gradually get softer

dynamics2
Dynamics

English Word

Symbol

ff

f

mf

mp

p

pp

<

>

Very Loud/Strong

Loud/Strong

Medium Loud/Strong

Medium Soft

Soft

Very Soft

Gradually get louder

Gradually get softer

unison
Unison

Definition: When everyone is singing the same thing at the same time

Example:The choir began the song singing in unison.

harmony
Harmony

Definition: When different voice parts are singing different rhythms or notes at the same time

Example: The song the director gave the ensemble required the choir to sing in harmony.