Wartime diplomacy • Grand Alliance -shaky expedient held together by the common desire to defeat the Axis Powers. *- major goal was winning World war II -The “ Big Three” allied leaders- Roosevelt, Stalin, and Churchill focus on military and peace agreement diplomacy. First diplomacy: military- Wartime unity was difficult to maintain. There were disagreements over a second military in Europe. Soviet Union complained that the American and the British were prepared to fight with our with out Russia. America and Britain wanted Russia to chooses capitalisms over communisms. Second Diplomacy: Winning peace- The allied powers wanted to establish peace with the European countries.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt • Born January 30 1882 • Married to Eleanor Roosevelt. • Franklin D. Roosevelt was the only child of his wealthy parents, James and Sara D. Roosevelt. • He was educated by private tutors and elites schools. Attended law at Columbia University. • In 1910, he entered politics, winning a state senate seat as a Democrat in the heavily Republican Duchess County. • Became the 32nd president of The United States. • Know for his “Alphabet soup” New Deal recovery plans. • Declared war on Japan on December 7, 1941.
FDR v. Truman • Truman • Forced Japanese surrender in 1945 through the use of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki • Assisted in the founding of the United Nations • Issued the Truman Doctrine to contain communism • Passed the $13 billion Marshall Plan to rebuild Europe, including the Axis Powers of both World Wars • Supported and recognized the state of Israel when it declared itself a nation • Oversaw the Berlin Airlift in 1948 and the creation of NATO in 1949 • Sent U.S. troops into Korea after the communist North invaded the South and while gaining UN approval for the war Franklin D. Roosevelt • Developed the Good Neighbor Policy withdrawing American forces from Latin American countries and respecting their sovereignty more • Supported the case for intervention in WWII through the Destroyers for Bases Agreement and Lend-Lease Act supplying ships and armament to the Allied forces • Led the US into WWII after the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor in December 1941 and formulated strategy as part of the "Big Three" with Churchill and Stalin to defeat the Axis powers. • Relocated 100,000 Japanese American civilians into internment camps in 1942 • Endorsed the creation of the United Nations and the Bretton Woods system of monetary management among states