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Bobby Shore and Brooke Whipkey. Amoebic Dysentery. What is Amoebic Dysentery. Amoebic Dysentery is an intestinal illness witch causes the lining of the large intestines to become inflamed . The illness is caused by a protozoan called Entamoeba Histolytica.

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what is amoebic dysentery
What is Amoebic Dysentery
  • Amoebic Dysentery is an intestinal illness witch causes the lining of the large intestines to become inflamed . The illness is caused by a protozoan called Entamoeba Histolytica.
  • Although discovered in 1875, reports of an illness like amoebic dysentery date all the way back to 1550 B.C.
how the symptoms appear
How the Symptoms Appear?
  • The symptoms typically appear around a two to four week period.
  • Although someone can carry the parasite anywhere from weeks to years without symptoms.
slide4
Symptoms “The main symptom of dysentery is frequent near-liquid diarrhea flecked with blood, mucus, or pus(www.lifescript.com). ”
  • Loose stools
  • Nausea
  • Weight loss
  • Stomach/abdominal pain
  • Stomach/Abdominal cramping
  • Bloody stools
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Vomiting
  • Flatulence (passing gas)
  • Feeling of uncontrollable hunger
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Loss in appetite
  • Urgency to pass stool
  • Bloating
  • Dehydration
how do you know you have it
How do you know you have it?
  • If you experience any of the symptoms from the previous slide. You should immediately see a doctor. They will complete a physical exam consisting of a blood test, sigmoidoscopy, imaging techniques ,and a stool sample.
  • In a stool test, three stool samples are microscopically analyzed for the presence of cysts or trophozoites and are 90% accurate.
  • In a Sigmoidoscopy, a sigmoidoscope (a small and flexible lighted instrument/tool) is used to analyze the lower large intestines for amebic ulcers and take collect tissue or fluids from the large intestines lining, to allow for further analysis.
  • Blood tests collect data of the proteins produced from the presence of Amoeba. They detect the presence of the proteins within one week of its presence. Blood tests confirm about 95% of Amoebic Dysentery cases. Although they are inaccurate because the proteins are detected 10 years after the primary reaction.
  • Sophisticated imaging techniques, include Computed Tomography Scans (CT), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and an ultrasound are ways to determine whether or not the liver is present.
how to treat amoebic dysentery
How to Treat Amoebic Dysentery
  • Amoebic dysentery is most commonly treated with metronidazole (Flagyl tablets). This only requires a few doctor visits. In extreme cases were your intestines begin to perforate on the walls than you will need to be hospitalized.
who will most likely get it
Who will Most Likely Get It?
  • Amoebic dysentery does not care what gender you are or what race. It will infect anyone that the protozoan enters as long as the conditions are right. Countries in Africa and the South Pacific have more cases of amoebic dysentery because of poor water and food quality, not the people.
spreading
Spreading
  • You can get amoebic dysentery from eating contaminated food, drinking contaminated water, and even from person to person contact.
  • It spreads when the cell type,Ehistolytica, is ingested or consumed.
phil paoletta
Phil Paoletta
  • Phil to a trip to Timbuktu in November of 2010. In the car ride on a quatre (afour wheel drive vehicle) to the Niger River he threw up Saliva. “At the time, my gut was besieged by amoebas and I felt positively awful. Nauseous, feverish, dry heaving, I wanted nothing more to empty my bowels (Phil).” Phil went to a clinic in Sevare after not eating for two days and was puking blood. He nearly passed out during the blood test. And to describe the bathroom conditions where he supplied the stool test, it was a hole in the ground with four walls. It took six hours to receive his data from the tests, which proved positive on Amoeba Dysentery.
  • Phil was a Middle School teacher in Washington DC, but is now a Camel Drawing Consultant based in West Africa.
research
Research
  • These people, universities, and laboratories are leading the way for research on amoebic dysentery.
  • University of Southern California
  • University of Johannesburg
  • Dr. Jerry Kieschnick
  • Harvard University
wowza
WOWZA!!!!
  • Every year there are about 50 million cases of Amoebic Dysentery.
  • There are approximately 100,000 deaths caused from Amoebic Dysentery.
  • EntamoebaHistolytica is considered a parasite and only lives in humans.
  • Around 600 cases are reported from New York each year.
work cited
Work Cited
  • "Baby Boomer Health, Aging & Retirement | Midlife Caregiving & Relationships | ThirdAge." ThirdAge.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Feb. 2013.
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  • Franklin, James L. The World Book Encyclopedia. Vol. 5. Chicago: World Book, 2011. Print.
  • "Health News." New York State Department of Health. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Feb. 2013.
  • "It's a New Year, Make It a New You!Get in Shape for 2013." Health Information and Medical Information. Harvard University, n.d. Web. 12 Feb. 2013.
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  • "Mesa Community College." Mesa Community College. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Feb. 2013.
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  • "Phil in the Blank." Phil in the Blank RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Feb. 2013.
  • "Welcome | Transition US." Welcome | Transition US. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Feb. 2013.
  • "Women's Health Issues | Women's Health Questions & Answers | Women's Health Articles | Lifescript.com." Women's Health Issues | Women's Health Questions & Answers | Women's Health Articles | Lifescript.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Feb. 2013.