Alcohol
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ALCOHOL. Mr. Korn Health Grade 10. Objectives. Describe how alcohol acts as a depressant in the body. Identify three major factors that influence underage drinking. Show respect to your classmates and teacher by following all the classroom rules and procedures. . Warm-Up.

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Alcohol

ALCOHOL

Mr. Korn

Health

Grade 10


Objectives
Objectives

  • Describe how alcohol acts as a depressant in the body.

  • Identify three major factors that influence underage drinking.

  • Show respect to your classmates and teacher by following all the classroom rules and procedures.


Warm up
Warm-Up

  • Complete warm-up on page 374


Vocabulary
Vocabulary

  • Drug – is a chemical substance that is taken to cause changes in a person’s body or behavior.

  • Depressant – is a drug that slows brain and body reactions.

  • Fermentation – the process that creates alcohol, in which microorganisms called yeast feed on sugars

  • Zero-Tolerance Policy – a policy that enforces strict consequences for underage drinking.


Facts a bout alcohol
Facts About Alcohol

  • Class Discussion

    • Why is alcohol classified as a drug?

      • It is a chemical substance that changes behavior.

    • What type of effects does alcohol have on the body and brain?

      • A depressant effect

        • Confusion

        • Decreased alertness

        • Poor coordination

        • Blurred vision

        • Drowsiness


Alcohol content
Alcohol Content

  • To Calculate Alcohol Content:

    Multiply drink volume by percent alcohol.

    Example:

    Wine – 5-oz wine x 0.10 = 0.5-oz of alcohol/ounce of wine

    Beer – 12-oz x .04 = 0.5-oz of alcohol/ounce of beer

    Liquor – 1.25-oz x .10 = 0.5-oz of alcohol/ounce of liquor

    Beverages with greater percentage of alcohol, such as whiskey, gin, and rum list their proof on the label. 100-proof vodka is 50% alcohol


Alcohol content cont
Alcohol Content Cont.

  • Discussion Question:

    • Of the different kinds of drinks, Which drink causes intoxication in the smallest amount?

      • Liquor

    • Math Question:

      • How much alcohol is in an 18-oz of beer?

        • 18-oz x 0.04 = 0.72-oz of alcohol per ounce of beer


Teens and alcohol
Teens and Alcohol

  • Influence of Peers

    • How do your Peers/Classmates influence your decision to drink? Negative and Positive

    • Writing Assignment: Connect to your Life

      • How can you and your friends help each other avoid alcohol?

  • Influence of Family

    • How can your family influence your decision to drink? Negative and Positive

  • Influence of Media

    • Media Wise on page 376

    • Journal Writing from Media Wise page 376


Health and legal risks
Health and Legal Risks

  • Being injured or being in a motor vehicle crash

  • Committing or being the victim of sexual assault or other violence.

  • Long-term brain damage

  • Problems with alcohol later in life

  • Suspension from school, sports teams, or other school activities

  • Seizer of cars if in possession

  • Driver’s license taken away

  • Buying for a minor comes with penalties as well.


Alcohol s effects on the body
Alcohol’s Effects on the Body

  • Objectives:

  • Summarize the effects of intoxication on the body systems.

  • List four factors that affect blood alcohol concentration.

  • Identify three ways that intoxication may lead to death.


V ocabulary
Vocabulary

  • Intoxication – is the state in which a person’s mental and physical abilities are impaired by alcohol or another substance.

  • Blackout – is a period of time that the drinker cannot recall.

  • Blood Alcohol Concentration – the amount of alcohol in a person’s blood, expressed as a percentage.

  • Hangover – a term used to describe the after-effects of drinking to much alcohol.

  • Driving while intoxicated – the charge given to a driver over age 21 caught driving with a BAC of .08 or higher and under 21 with any BAC.

  • Overdose – the consequence of taking an excessive amount of a drug that leads to a coma or death.

  • Binge drinking - the consumption of excessive amounts of alcohol at one sitting.


Physical and behavioral effects
Physical and Behavioral Effects

  • Effects on the body system:

    • What happens when people drink alcohol faster than the body can break it down?

      • Intoxication

  • Effects on Behavior:

    • Fighting

    • Outgoing

    • Blackout

      Writing assignment –

      Think of a movie or book in which a character became intoxicated. Describe the effects.


Blood alcohol concentration
Blood Alcohol Concentration

  • Factors Affecting BAC:

    • Rate of Consumption

    • Gender

    • Body Size

    • Amount of Food in the Stomach

  • After Drinking Ends:

    • What happens to BAC when a person stops drinking?

      • Decreases

    • What is the term used for when a person starts to feel normal after drinking?

      • Sobering up or becoming sober

  • Hangovers:

    • Symptoms include nausea, upset stomach, headache, and sensitivity to noise.


Life threatening effects
Life-Threatening Effects

  • Motor Vehicle Crashes:

    • Driving Under the Influence

    • Zero-Tolerance Laws

  • Overdose – AKA Alcohol Poison

    • Binge Drinking

  • Interactions With Other Drugs

    • Some drugs react differently with alcohol

      • Ex. Taking another depressant with alcohol will cause drastic changes in the body.

      • Slow breathing and heart rates.


Long term risks of alcohol
Long-Term Risks of Alcohol

  • Objectives:

  • Identify five serious physical effects of long-term alcohol abuse.

  • Describe the three stages of alcoholism.

  • List in order three steps taken during recovery from alcholism.


Damage to the body
Damage to the Body

  • Brian Damage

    • Destroy nerve cells that can not grow back

    • Impaired memory

    • Ability to concentrate

    • Make sound judgments

  • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

    • Heart defects, malformed faces, delayed growth, poor motor development, and mental retardation.

    • Drinking while pregnant is the leading preventable cause of mental retardation.

  • Liver Damage

    • Blocks ability to break down fat

    • Heavy drinking causes the liver to fill with fat which blocks blood flow in liver.

    • Liver cells die leaving behind useless scar tissue called cirrhosis.

  • Heart Disease

    • Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the US. Causes increased blood pressure and heart rate, irregular heartbeat and build up of fatty deposits around the heart

  • Digestive Problems

    • Cancers of the mouth, tongue, and stomach

    • Recurring diarrhea

    • Chronic indigestion, heartburn or ulcers


Alcoholism
Alcoholism

  • Changes to the Brian

    • Tolerance

    • Dependence

    • Addiction

  • Who is at Risk?

    • Anyone

    • 4-5 times greater in children of alcoholics


Stages of alcoholism
Stages of Alcoholism

  • Stage 1 – Problem Drinking

    • Starts out as social drinker

    • Turns to drinking to relieve stress

  • Stage 2 – Absolute Dependence

    • Dependent on drug

    • Can’t stop after 1

  • Stage 3 – Late Stage of Alcoholism

    • Lose mental, emotional, and physical health

    • Reverse tolerance


Effects on others
Effects on Others

  • Alcohol related crimes, medical expenses, injuries, lost production at work and treatment programs cost the US between 100 and 200 billion dollars per year.

  • Involved in about 150,000 deaths per year.

  • Verbal and Physical abuse to family.


Treating alcoholism
Treating Alcoholism

  • Acknowledging the Problem

  • Detoxification

  • Rehabilitation

  • Support Groups


Choosing not to drink
Choosing Not to Drink

  • Objectives:

    • Evaluate how refusal skills help you stick to your decision not to drink

    • Identify two benefits of avoiding situations where alcohol is present.


Abstaining from alcohol
Abstaining from Alcohol

  • Prepare for pressure

    • 1. What are some reasons why you would not drink?

    • 2. How do you make sure you come across confident in your decision?

    • 3. What situation will you find the most pressure?

    • 4. Why are your friends pressuring you to drink?

    • 5. Who else can help you stick to your decision?

  • Stick to your decision


Avoiding high pressure situations
Avoiding High-Pressure Situations

  • Alternatives to Parties

  • Refusing Rides From Drinkers


Group work
Group Work

  • Get into a group of four (4). I will now read you 5 questions. In your group discuss these questions and come up with a final answer. I will then call on a group to share their answer with the class.

  • Go back to your desks and now work on Chapter 15 Review. You will complete sections 1 and 2. Keep your work because you will answer 3 and 4 on Friday. This will be handed in as an assignment. For the critical thinking questions write at least 1 paragraph.