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AP Euro Task #1 (5 mins)

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  1. AP Euro Task #1 (5 mins) • Please begin reading the first Primary Source in your packet on the Black Death.

  2. Chapter 11 The Late Middle Ages: Crisis and Disintegration in the Fourteenth Century

  3. Task #2: Discussion & Notes (20 mins) • Take notes as needed. Any topics discussed are quiz-able.

  4. p. 306

  5. A Time of Troubles: Black Death and Social Crisis • “Little Ice Age” • The Great Famine (1315 – 1317) • The Black Death: From Asia to Europe • Role of the Mongols

  6. The Black Death • Most devastating natural disaster in European History • Bubonic Plague from Asia • Rats and Fleas • Yersinia Pestis • Arrived in Europe in 1347 • Mortality reached 50 – 60 percent in some areas • Wiped out between 25 – 50 percent of European population (19 – 38 million dead in four years) • Plague returns in 1361 – 1362 and 1369

  7. p. 308

  8. Map 11-1, p. 310

  9. Life and Death: Reactions to the Plague • Plague as a punishment from God • The flagellants • Attacks against Jews • Violence

  10. p. 311

  11. Economic Dislocation and Social Upheaval • Labor Shortage + Falling prices for agricultural products = Drop in aristocratic incomes • Statute of Laborers (1351) : Limit Wages • Social Mobility • Peasant Revolts • Jacquerie in France (1358) • English Peasants’ Revolt (1381) • Revolts in the Cities • Ciompi Revolt in Florence (1378)

  12. p. 313

  13. Consequences of Black Death • exemplary behavior by clergy likely doomed them • restored a balance after Europe had become overpopulated • many new craftsmen recruited • power for laborers • Change in psychology • Endowments for education

  14. Review • Where did the Black Death originate? • How much of the European population was killed as a result? • What were consequences of the Black Death in Europe? • How do you think the Black Death had an effect on the Church?

  15. Task #3: The Plague Doctor (25 mins) • With a partner, read through the plague doctor contract. • Identify the writer(s) of each set of terms in the contract. • What is the meaning of the passage? Are there any possible implications there? • What is the point of view of the writer? • Analyze the contract as a whole. What is happening here?

  16. Next up: The Hundred years’ war

  17. Chart 11-1, p. 315

  18. War and Political Instability • The Hundred Years’ War • French Attack on English Gascony (1337) • Edward III of England claims French Crown • Differences in the armies • Battle of Crecy (1346) • Henry V (1413 – 1422) • Battle of Agincourt (1415) • Charles the Dauphin (heir to the French throne) • Joan of Arc (1412 – 1431) • Siege of Orleans • Captured by allies of the English in 1430 • Burned at the Stake (1431) • Gunpowder • War Ends with French victory (1453)

  19. p. 316

  20. Map 11-2, p. 318

  21. p. 319

  22. Chronology, p. 319

  23. Political Instability • Breakdown of Feudal Institutions • Scutage • New Royal Dynasties • Financial Problems • Parliaments gain power

  24. p. 320

  25. p. 320

  26. AP EURO Task #1 • Who would be your favorite character(s) to study in European History? Why?

  27. AP EURO Task #2 • Please get out your Plague Doctor contract and your Football DBQ. • Point of View Analysis

  28. AP EURO For tonight… • Using your Hundred Years’ War bullet list as a template, research The Wars of the Roses. • Tomorrow: STORYTIME!

  29. AP Euro Task #1 • Share out your Wars of the Roses findings with your peers. • Prepare for quiz.

  30. Western Europe: England and France • England: Edward III (1327 – 1377) • Parliament • House of Lords • House of Commons • England: War of the Roses • France: Charles VI (1380 – 1422) • France: Civil War • Burgundy and Orleans

  31. Germany & Italy • The German Monarchy • Breakup of the Holy Roman Empire • Hundreds of States • Elective Monarchy • The Golden Bull (1356) • Weak kings • The States of Italy • Lack of centralized authority • Republicanism to Tyranny • Development of regional states • Milan • Florence • Venice

  32. p. 323

  33. p. 324

  34. Chronology, p. 325

  35. p. 325

  36. AP Euro Task #1 Please read Primary Source #3 in your packet.

  37. AP Euro Task #1 • Questions for discussion. • What arguments did Marsilius use to strip the Church of its practice of holding or claiming temporal political authority? • In Marsilius’ opinion, who or what was to blame for the Church’s claim to exercise temporal political authority?

  38. The Decline of the Church • Boniface VIII and the Conflict with the State • Boniface VIII (1294 – 1303) • Conflict with Philip the Fair of France • Unam Sanctam (1302) • Captured by French at Anagni • Clement V • The Papacy at Avignon (1305 – 1378) • Stay at Avignon leads to a decline in papal prestige • Captives of the French monarchy • New Sources of revenue • Catherine of Siena (c. 1347 – 1380)

  39. p. 326

  40. p. 327

  41. Chronology, p. 328

  42. The Great Schism • Papacy returns to Rome in 1378 • Rival Popes elected • Pope Urban VI • Pope Clement VII • The Great Schism divides Europe • Council of Pisa (1409) • Deposed both popes and elected a new pope • Popes refuse to step down • Results in three popes • Council of Constance (1414 – 1418) • End of the Schism • Pope Martin V (1417 – 1431)

  43. Culture and Society in an Age of Adversity • The Developments of Vernacular Literature • Dante Alighieri (1265 – 1321) • The Divine Comedy (1313 – 1321) • Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1340 – 1400) • The Canterbury Tales • Christine de Pizan (c. 1364 – 1400) • The Book of the City of Ladies (1404) • Art and the Black Death • Giotto (1266 – 1337) • Ars Moriendi

  44. p. 332

  45. p. 333

  46. p. 333

  47. Change & Invention • Changes in Urban Life • Greater Regulation • Marriage • Gender Roles • Male: Active and Domineering • Women: Passive and Submissive • Medicine] • Medical schools---Salerno, Montpellier, Bologna, Oxford, Padua, and Paris. • Midwives, barber-surgeons • Inventions and New Patterns • The Mechanical Clock • New Conception of Time • Gunpowder

  48. p. 336

  49. p. 336

  50. p. 336