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ISP 523: Fundamentals of Information Technology. Instructor: Stephen Lackey November 16, 2005. Today’s lecture. Social Computing Topics Blogs Wiki Social Bookmarking Podcasting RSS Recap (see prior week slides) anti-Social Computing. Social Computing.

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ISP 523: Fundamentals of Information Technology

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isp 523 fundamentals of information technology

ISP 523: Fundamentals of Information Technology

Instructor: Stephen Lackey

November 16, 2005

today s lecture
Today’s lecture
  • Social Computing Topics
    • Blogs
    • Wiki
    • Social Bookmarking
    • Podcasting
  • RSS Recap (see prior week slides)
  • anti-Social Computing
social computing
Social Computing
  • Common feature is that technology simple, yet highly adaptable for social interaction
  • Has meaning in context of like-minded community
  • Typically use web-based Content Management methodologies, simplified for specific application
  • Does “computing” replace the “social” in human interaction, or augment it?
  • Key enabling technology: RSS
  • Social Computing: “that which gets spammed”
email instant messaging
Email / Instant Messaging
  • Email: electronic mail
    • dueling essays
    • asynchronous communication
    • Limited authentication – can receive messages from almost anyone with limited control – open access
  • Instant Messenger
    • Synchronous communication
    • Greater authentication, exclusivity
    • Greater sanctions for misbehavior – closed access
web logs a k a blogs blogging etc
Web Logs (a.k.a. blogs, blogging. etc)
  • Online journals, reports
  • Many free hosting services. One example:
  • Typically hosted in CMS-type system
  • Basic organizational paradigm: the calendar
  • Enable easy linking, trackback capabilities
  • Enriched by participation in community
what are blogs for
What are blogs for?
  • Dear Diary… the 13 year-old blogger
  • Is it journalism? It can be
  • Political activism: Dean, Rather, warblogging, Iraq, Paris Riots?
  • Human filters of Internet content?
  • Public bulletin boards
blogging buzzwords
Blogging buzzwords
  • Blogger – he who blogs
  • Blogosphere – the rarified air that bloggers live in?
  • Permalink – permanent URL of page
  • Blogroll – affiliated or sympathetic blogs
  • Trackback – pages that link to the current page
  • Prevalence of digital cameras on cell phones cited as source of
  • Camera phones cited as “photojournalism” or “photoblogs”
    • London Underground bombings, other disasters
    • The “DSG” (here: “Dog Poop Girl) incident in South Korea
    • Impacts on Privacy
the wiki
The Wiki
  • Developed in 1995 by Ward Cunningham, a software engineer enabling community help to discover “design patterns”
    • Assertion
    • Debate
    • Consensus
    • Refinement / reorganization into coherent document
  • Like most web tech, developed by programmers to share tech information
  • Works best for “self evident” theories or subjects too obscure to generate debate
  • Extended to every subject matter imaginable
  • Most famous Wiki: the Wikipedia
    • Collaborative database of interconnected articles
    • Last count: over 400,000
    • On web at:
    • Authoritative or convenient?
    • What is it?
      • Body of knowledge ?
      • distillation of internet-era culture?
      • Social experiment?
      • Something else?
how does a wiki link
How does a Wiki link?
  • Typically the author can used mixed case type (otherwise called “CamelCase” due to its use of uppercase/lowercase combinations in place of spaces to combine words)
  • Some Wiki use special notation to indicate a link to another Wiki article or external link – wiki syntax similar to traditional email tagging
  • Links and backlinks critical elements of interconnection between documents
  • Each document a “home page” for external references.
why use a wiki
Why use a Wiki?
  • Often called the “post-it notepad” of the web
  • it’s part discussion board, part blog, part content manager, part something else.
  • Rapid means to generate large volumes of interlinked pages – content grows organically
  • Useful in shared document collaboration
  • Construction of reference material, procedures, archival of memos, email, etc.
social bookmarking
Social Bookmarking
  • Most famous example:
  • Enables users to create accounts to save bookmarks on web
  • Bookmark lists are shared
  • Users can:
    • create own keywords
    • see others with same bookmark
    • see bookmark collections of other users
social bookmarking1
Social Bookmarking
  • How much intersection between links of like-minded researchers and web-surfers?
  • Tag clouds: frequency that you or others use certain keywords with your links
  • Often integrated with blogs
  • As we know it: Co-invention of:
    • Adam Curry (of MTV fame)
    • Dave Winer (of RSS and OPML fame)
  • Named as twist on iPod, as in “iPod Broadcast”
  • Created as notion of decentralized media production – “control to the masses”
  • Freely-distributed (MP3) audio files:
    • Royalty-free music (copied with permissions)
    • Audio blogs
    • Soundscapes / Travel journals
    • Language instruction
    • Audio fiction (like 40’s radio?)
    • Others
  • Often homepaged on blog services with external links to Mp3 files
  • Syndicated via RSS (though blogging accounts)
  • Narrow audiences: "Everyone is famous for 15 people."
podcast examples
Podcast examples
  • Public radio:
  • Royalty-free music:
    • (Its content is largely what one might expect from the name. )
  • The newest 100 of the new:
  • Alternate media and the bleeding edge of “fair use”
anti social computing
Anti-Social Computing
  • Does electronic communication dehumanize?
  • social cues and sanctions for social behavior
  • Spam outlets
    • Email
      • “Please help smuggle money out of country X”
      • “Your ebay account is about to expire”
      • Etc…
    • Wiki spam
    • Blogs – sites created as spam
    • Blog comment spam
anti social computing1
Anti-Social Computing
  • Trolls
    • Attempts to disrupt community with inflammatory discourse

Flame wars

    • inflammatory exchanges on bulletin boards, wiki, blogs, public comment areas
    • Tend to rely on an audience
    • Tend to pursue public shame