iist 523 fundamentals of information technology l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
IIST 523: Fundamentals of Information Technology PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
IIST 523: Fundamentals of Information Technology

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 20

IIST 523: Fundamentals of Information Technology - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 828 Views
  • Uploaded on

IIST 523: Fundamentals of Information Technology Week 2 – Computer hardware & software, file management, text editing, Power Point presentation Agenda Hardware & Software Algorithm & Programs Menus Definitions of terms File and Folder/Directory Management

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'IIST 523: Fundamentals of Information Technology' - benjamin


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
iist 523 fundamentals of information technology

IIST 523: Fundamentals of Information Technology

Week 2 – Computer hardware & software, file management, text editing, Power Point presentation

agenda
Agenda
  • Hardware & Software
  • Algorithm & Programs
  • Menus
  • Definitions of terms
  • File and Folder/Directory Management
  • Text Editing/Power Point presentation
hardware
Hardware
  • What is hardware?
    • Physical parts
  • Two types of personal computers (PCs)
    • Component based & monolithic
  • Processor Box
    • Motherboard, aka printed circuit board
      • Holds daughter boards (or cards)
    • Processor
    • Memory – integrated circuit, aka microchip
      • Random Access Memory (RAM)
      • Read Only Memory (ROM)
    • Hard disk (magnetized disk)
  • Monitor (Bit-mapped, CRTs, LCDs)
    • Color (RGB, Pixels)
motherboard
Motherboard

http://www.cse.ucsc.edu/classes/cmpe003/Spring02/motherboard.gif

hardware components of pc

RAM

Hard Disk

program

...

Input/Output

program

CPU

data

...

...

data

...

System Bus

Hardware(Components of PC)
processor
Processor
  • A central processing unit (CPU), or sometimes simply processor, is the component in a digital computer that interprets instructions and processes data contained in computer programs. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CPU)
memory
Memory
  • Computer storage, computer memory, and often casually memory refer to computer components, devices and recording media that retain data for some interval of time.
  • In contemporary usage, memory refers to a form of solid state storage known as random access memory (RAM) and sometimes other forms of fast but temporary storage. Similarly, storage more commonly refers to mass storage - optical discs, forms of magnetic storage like hard disks, and other types of storage which are slower than RAM, but of a more permanent nature. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computer_memory)
  • Where is your file stored after you “save” it?
  • What happens if power fails before you “save” your file?
color
Color
  • RGB (Red, Green, Blue) - Primary colors of light
  • Colors on screen created by combining different amounts of primary colors

Copyright © 2006 Pearson Addison-Wesley

pixels
Pixels
  • Stands for picture elements
  • Grid of small units the size of the dot on letter i (font size 10)
  • Computer draws each pixel in the designated color for the image or figure
  • The more pixels in each row and column, the smoother and crisper the image (high resolution)
  • A monitor with a resolution of 1024X800 has 819, 200 pixels
agenda10
Agenda
  • Hardware & Software
  • Algorithm & Programs
  • Menus
  • Definitions of terms
  • File and Folder/Directory Management
  • Text Editing/Power Point presentation
software
Software
  • What is software?
    • A collection of programs or instructions the computer follows to implement functions
  • Functions of software
    • Word processing – creating, editing, & formatting text documents
    • Spreadsheet – Calculations & analysis of numerical data
    • Database management – storage and management of structured data
    • Image editing – creating, editing, & modifying of digital images
  • Form follows function
    • Similar software have similar controls/menus/icons
algorithm
Algorithm
  • Aka process, a precise and systematic method for solving a problem
  • Examples:
    • Arithmetic operations
    • Sending a greeting card
    • Getting ready for work/school
    • Searching for a phone number
    • Determining when a mouse pointer hovers over a button
program programming
Program & Programming
  • Programming
    • Writing out steps of an algorithm
  • Program
    • An algorithm written in a specific language for a specific set of conditions
  • Runninga Program
    • We instruct the computer to run or execute or interpret the program, perform the programs functions
menus
Menus
  • List of operations the software can perform
  • Grouped by similarity of operations
  • Listed in menu bar
  • Some havedrop down menus
  • All operations performed by the software are listed in the menu
  • Could be in the form of icons
agenda15
Agenda
  • Hardware &Software
  • Algorithm & Programs
  • Menus
  • Definitions of terms
  • File and Folder/Directory Management
  • Text Editing/Power Point presentation
definitions of terms
Definitions of terms
  • Acronyms
    • CD-RW, GUI, CD-ROM
  • Jargons
    • Adware, application
  • Metaphors
    • Desktop, windows, clipboard, drop down
  • Do you know these acronyms?
    • SCSI, CRT, LCD, RGB, RAM, ROM, CPU
agenda17
Agenda
  • Hardware &Software
  • Algorithm & Programs
  • Menus
  • Definitions of terms
  • File and Folder/Directory Management
  • Text Editing/Power Point presentation
assignment 1
Assignment 1
  • Post your profile in WebCT
  • Send a WebCT mail to the instructor with an attachment
  • Send your contact info to the instructor via WebCT mail
text editing
Text Editing
  • Run Notepad
  • Open a saved file
  • Using clipboard (select, copy/cut, and paste some text)
  • Undo/Redo
  • Font face and size
  • Search and replace
  • Using help
power point presentation
Power Point Presentation
  • Run Microsoft Power Point
  • Click on File  New and then Choose “From AutoContent Wizard” and follow prompts
  • Insert, delete, move, duplicate, copy/cut, and paste slides
  • Undo/Redo
  • Search and replace
  • Inserting clip art and images
  • Changing the design of slides
  • Using help