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Tobacco 101 Presentation. Marcia Brown-Machen, M.P.H. Program Director. City of Berkeley Tobacco Prevention Program (510) 981-5330. Consequences of Tobacco-Use: Preventable Causes of Death. Smoking 400,000. Accidents 94,000 2 nd Hand Smoke 38,000 Alcohol 45,000 HIV/AIDS 32,600

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tobacco 101 presentation

Tobacco 101 Presentation

Marcia Brown-Machen, M.P.H.

Program Director

City of Berkeley Tobacco Prevention Program

(510) 981-5330

consequences of tobacco use preventable causes of death
Consequences of Tobacco-Use:Preventable Causes of Death

Smoking 400,000

Accidents 94,000

2nd Hand Smoke 38,000

Alcohol 45,000

HIV/AIDS 32,600

Suicide 31,000

Homicide 21,000

Drugs 14,200

slide3
Tobacco Kills More Americans Each Year Than Alcohol, Cocaine, Crack, Heroin, Homicide, Suicide, Car Accidents, Fires and AIDS combined:

(Chart of health effects- to be scanned in)

arteriosclerosis atherosclerosis
Arteriosclerosis & Atherosclerosis:

Healthy artery

Damaged artery

heart attack
Heart Attack:

Smokers are twice as likely as Nonsmokers to have a heart attack

Quitting smoking rapidly reduces the risk of coronary heart disease

Torn heart wall: Result of over-worked heart muscle

stroke
Stroke:

This brain shows stroke damage, which can cause death or severe mental or physical disability

emphysema
Emphysema:

Emphysematic lung

Healthy lung

Symptoms Include

  • Shortness of breath
  • Chronic cough
  • Wheezing
  • Anxiety
  • Weight loss
  • Ankle, feet and leg swelling
  • fatigue
lung cancer the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in one or both lungs
Lung Cancer:The uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in one or both lungs

Lung cancer kills more people than any other type of cancer

fetal damage
Fetal Damage:
  • Fetal Smoking Syndrome:
  • Birth defects
  • Premature stillbirth
  • Low birthweight
  • Prone to Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
  • Lowered immune capacity
laryngeal cancer
Laryngeal Cancer
  • Symptoms:
  • Persistent hoarseness
  • Chronic sore throat
  • Painful swallowing
  • Pain in the ear
  • Lump in the neck

Over 80% of deaths from laryngeal cancer are linked to smoking

dental problems

Common Consequences:

  • Stained teeth
  • Gum inflammation
  • Black hairy tongue
  • Oral cancer
  • Delayed healing of the gums

Dental Problems:

Above: Cavities

Below: Gingivitis

Overall poor oral health

consequences of chewing tobacco
Consequences of chewing tobacco:

Leukoplakia

Oral cancer

chemical box
Chemical Box:

What’s in Tobacco?

  • Tar: black sticky substance used to pave roads
  • Nicotine: Insecticide
  • Carbon Monoxide: Car exhaust
  • Acetone: Finger nail polish remover
  • Ammonia: Toilet Cleaner
  • Cadmium: used batteries
  • Ethanol: Alcohol
  • Arsenic: Rat poison
  • Butane: Lighter Fluid
tobacco myths
Tobacco Myths
  • Myth: Clove cigarettes are less harmful than regular cigarettes.
  • Myth: Cigars are safe
  • Myth: It’s OK to smoke as long as it’s a “natural” cigarette

Conclusion: All tobacco products are addictive

(which takes your independence away), cause cancer, and harm non-smokers all around you. The average tobacco user is addicted for seven years before they can finally kick this enslaving habit!

what is a cigar
What is a cigar?
  • A cigar has larger amounts of tobacco than a cigarette
  • A cigar is tobacco rolled up in a tobacco leaf
  • A cigar does not have a filter
what is marijuana
What is marijuana?

A drug obtained from the flowering tops of the female cannabis or hemp plant

what is a blunt
What is a blunt?

A blunt is when you take a cigar and

slice it open removing the tobacco and

replacing it with marijuana.

hookahs
Hookahs:
  • Not safer than regular tobacco smoke.
  • Causes the same diseases
  • Raises the risk of lip cancer, spreading infections like tuberculosis.
  • Users ingest about 100 times more lead from hookah smoke than from a cigarette.
think about quitting
Think About Quitting
  • Pick a quit date
  • Keep a record of why, when, where and with whom you smoke
  • Get support and encouragement from your family, friends, and health providers.
  • Join a quit group: call 981-5330

QuitNow@ci.berkeley.ca.us

  • Get individual counseling: 1-800-NO-BUTTS
the quit plan
The Quit Plan:
  • Treat yourself well
  • Drink lots of water
  • Change your routines
  • Reduce stress
  • Deep breathing
  • Regular exercise
  • Do something enjoyable every day
  • Increase non-smoking social support
  • Other ideas?
get medication and use it correctly
Get Medication and Use It Correctly

Talk to your health care provider about which medication will work for you:

Available by prescription:

  • Zyban (Wellbutrin, Bupropion)
  • Nicotine Inhaler
  • Nicotine Nasal Spray

Available over-the-counter:

  • Nicotine Patch (Has an increase in efficacy when combined with Zyban)
  • Nicotine Gum and lozenge
contact information

Contact Information:

City of Berkeley Tobacco Prevention program (510) 981-5330

QuitNow@ci.berkeley.ca.us

Mbrown-machen@ci.berkeley.ca.us

Special thanks to Molly Ward,

UCB Student and Public Health Intern,

for adapting this presentation to PowerPoint