Greek Mythology gods and goddesses of Mt. Olympus 900-800 B.C. onward
Mt. Olympus • An actual mountain in Greece. • Home of the gods/goddesses of Greece. • It formed itself for them. • Tallest mountain in Greece. Olympus was regarded as the home of the Twelve Olympian Gods. It is the setting of many Greek mythical stories. Mt. Olympus is located far above the heavens. “Olympus was not shaken by winds nor ever wet with rain, nor did snow fall upon it, but the air is outspread clear and cloudless, and over it hovered a radiant whiteness.”
Main gods & goddesses gods goddesses Hera Artemis Athena Aphrodite Demeter Hestia • Zeus • Poseidon • Hades • Dionysus • Apollo • Hermes • Ares • Hephaestus
Zeus – King of the gods and ruler of Mt. Olympus; god of the sky and thunder.
god/goddess of the Underworld Hades Persephone Hades tricked her and then forced her to live in the underworld. Daughter of Zeus and Demeter. • Wasn’t necessarily associated with evil. • The gods ruled the land, air, sea, and underworld. • Brother of Zeus and Poseidon.
Apollo – god of the sun (light), knowledge, music, archery, and poetry. Twin brother of Artemis.
Artemis – Goddess of the hunt, childbirth, archery, and all animals. Twin sister of Apollo.
Hermes – Messenger of the gods; able to travel between worlds; god of commerce and thieves.
Hestia • goddess of the hearth
Cyclops - The Cyclopes were gigantic one eyed monsters. Arges (thunderbolt), Steropes (lightning), and Brontes (thunder) are 3 of them.
Other important figures • Perseus: Greek hero who killed Medusa. • Medusa: Gorgon that could turn people into stone by looking at them. • Pegasus: winged horse. • Hercules: demigod; son of Zeus and a mortal mother. • Nike: goddess of victory.
Oracle -The answer given by a god to a question asked by a human. This is how gods communicated to humans and gave them advice.