History of Color • Colors are often symbolic. • Let’s talk about what role color has played in different times in history.
In China… • Yellow has religious significance and is still the Imperial color today!
In Greece and Rome… • Red was believed to have protective powers. • Purple was restricted to use by nobility.
The Egyptians… • Adorned walls of tombs and temples with brilliant colors of blue, tangerine, and green.
In the Italian Renaissance… • Colors were vibrant reds, greens, golds and blues.
In the Rococo period… • Tastes became very feminine and pastel-colors became less vibrant.
In 18th Century England… • Colors were rich and elegant, showing a strong Chinese influence in the use of red and gold.
During the Victorian Era… • There was great Eclecticism: abundance of “things”. • Colors were mostly dull reds, greens, browns, and mauves.
In the Early 20th Century… • Colors were Monochromatic. There were sleek surfaces and strong contrasts with black, gray, silver, brown, beige and white.
In the 1920’s… • All-white interiors became popular which gave way to delicate pastels with bright accents.
In the 1950’s.. • Light colors were preferred. • However, American interest turned to Mexico and a shift to bright colors with bright contrasts.
And in the 1990’s… • Regal gold, blue, and red were used. Southwestern remained popular and Victorian was being revived. • Ivy league also became popular with forest greens and cranberry reds.
Where does color come from? • A ray of light is the source of all color. • Without light, color does not exist. • Color is light broken into electromagnetic vibrations of varying wavelengths, which cause the viewer to see different colors.
The longest wavelength is perceived as red. • The shortest wavelength is perceived as violet.
Color • Color can alter the appearance of form and space. • Color can affect our performance abilities and change our moods. • Color is perceived in the brain through a response of the eyes to different wavelengths of light.
Important Terms • Hue: Another word for the name of a color. • Value: Refers to the lightness or darkness of a hue. • Tints: values lighter than normal (created by adding white to a hue) • Shades: values darker than normal (created by adding black to a hue) • Intensity: refers to the purity and strength of a hue. (Can be bright or dull.)
Pigments • Pigments are substances that can be ground into fine powder and used for adding color to dyes and paints. • Before they could be made through chemistry, pigments were originally derived from animal, mineral, and vegetable sources. • Examples: • Purple from shellfish • Red dye from the dried bodies of insects • To create our own color wheel, we will be mixing different pigments together to create all the colors in the color wheel.
The Color Wheel The color wheel is a basic tool we use when working with colors. • There are 12 hues in the spectrum of color. • They are divided into three categories…
The Primary Colors • Red, Yellow, and Blue • These colors cannot be combined from mixing any colors together.
The Secondary Colors • Green, violet and orange • Made by combining the Primary colors together. • Blue & Yellow = Green • Red & Yellow = Orange • Red & Blue = Violet
The Tertiary Colors • Yellow-orange, yellow-green, blue-green, blue-violet, red-violet & red-orange. • Made by combining a primary and a secondary hue. • Named by the Primary color FIRST.
Color Scheme: A combination of colors selected for a room design in order to create a mood or set a tone. • It provides guidelines for designing successfully with color. • Color schemes look best when one color dominates.
Types of Color Schemes 1. Neutral 2. Monochromatic 3. Analogous 4. Complementary 5. Split-Complementary 6. Triad
1. Neutral • This color scheme utilizes blacks, whites, grays, beiges and creams.
2. Monochromatic • Tints and shades of one color on the color wheel
3. Analogous • Three to five hues next to each other on the color wheel