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Scientific papers - getting published (or How to avoid getting kicked ). Overview and Goals. How to avoid kicks –writing a decent paper. Perfect grammar cannot compensate for poor reasoning. Excellent reasoning cannot compensate for a boring question. Magic happens. Writing a paper .

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overview and goals
Overview and Goals
  • How to avoid kicks

–writing a decent paper

slide4
Perfect grammar cannot compensate for poor reasoning.
  • Excellent reasoning cannot compensate for a boring question.
magic happens
Magic happens

Writing a paper

slide7

Sweat

Think

Organize

Practice

slide8
The magic of the pen lies in the concentration of your thoughts upon one object.Lewes, George Henry1817-1878 British Writer
title
TITLE
  • Title - 3 routes

Describe the Battle

      • The effect of X on Y

Declare Victory

      • X increases Y

Declare you Won the War

      • X cures cancer
authorship
AUTHORSHIP

Authors ?

  • Substantial contributions to conception and design, acquisition of data, analysis or interpretation.
  • Draft paper or revise it for important intellectual content.
  • Read and approved final version.
authors make friends or enemies
AUTHORS - Make friends or enemies?

Authors ?

  • Does everyone qualify?
  • Have you left anyone out?
  • Order?
  • Seen it?
  • Never forge a signature
  • No ghosts or gifts
abstract
Abstract
  • Only thing most people read
  • Structured abstract
  • Data
introduction
Introduction
  • Introduction
    • Why did the study? Not a literature review
    • Have to sell the idea (why should I care?)
    • If haven’t hooked the reader you are lost
methods
METHODS

Methods

  • IRB and informed consent
  • How you did the study
  • How you analyzed the data
results
RESULTS

Results

  • What you found. Tell a story
  • Emphasize the positive
  • Don’t repeat data
  • Link to Tables and Figures
slide16
Discussion
  • So What ?
  • Tell a story, avoid bias - you’ve seen the same movie (the data)
  • Not a literature review (but think)
  • Avoid Industry style
  • The function of statistics is to tell you if findings are statistically significant
conclusion
CONCLUSION

Conclusion

  • Based on your data
  • Brief
  • How much speculation can you get away with ?
slide18
References
    • Primary source often but not always
    • Reasonable number, avoid narcissism, Refman
    • Do you cite the journal submitting to? Style?
  • Tables
    • Self Standing. Careful with Abbreviations
    • Data in Tables and text must match
    • Reasonable number
  • Figures
    • Reasonable number
    • Abbreviations
    • Quality
    • Measures of spread
details
Details
  • Which Journal ?
    • Aim high or low?
    • Appropriate?
    • Instructions
  • Cover Letter
    • responsibilities of the author
    • Not a book
  • Don’t bug the Editortoo much

Success = 1. new 2. interesting,

3. important and 4. valid

kisses of death
Trivial question (Interesting)

“We thus confirmed …” (New)

No story (Interesting)

Story and data do not match

Kisses of Death
kisses of death1
Kisses of Death
  • Reader can’t understand what you did (New, Interesting)
  • Fails the “So what test” (can’t understand why you did it) (Important)
  • Invalid – Design, Analysis (Valid)
  • Salami publication
kisses of death2
Make your paper as dense and intelligent (but unintelligible) as possible.

Use lots of abbreviations

“In vivo high-resolution CEMRI is capable of quantitatively measuring the dimensions of the intact FC and LR-NC. These new parameters may be useful to evaluate plaque vulnerability and provide continuous variables for characterizing the intact FC and LR-NC in progression and regression studies.” Circulation 2005:112: 3437 -3444

Kisses of Death
bad form
Bad Form

Sloppy

Missing pages

Illegible pages

Wrong version

Typos

Comments visible

Poor English etc

very bad form
Very Bad Form
  • Submitting to 2 journals at once
  • Blindsided authors
  • Salami publication
slide25

GOING TO JAIL FORM

  • Duplicate

publication

  • Making up data
telling a story
In the beginning ……

So what?

One sentence telegraphs the next

One paragraph telegraphs the next

Imaginary Headings

Revise, revise , revise

Proffread

“..… I hope to hear from you soon shorty.”

Telling a story
resources
Resources
  • Essential of Writing Biomedical Research Papers 2nd ed Mimi Zeiger
  • Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals : Writing and Editing for Biomedical Publication.

www.icmje.org

slide28
STOP

How to avoid kicks

SWEAT, THINK, ORGANIZE, PRACTICE

It is all in the details