ICT Call 3. Stephen O’Reilly - ICT National Contact Point. Overview. Framework Programme 7 ICT Work Programme Challenges Objectives Calls for proposals ICT Call 3. Framework Programme 7: 2007-2013. European Commission's instrument for supporting R&D Budget is over €50 Billion
ICT Call 3 Stephen O’Reilly - ICT National Contact Point
Overview • Framework Programme 7 • ICT Work Programme • Challenges • Objectives • Calls for proposals • ICT Call 3
Framework Programme 7: 2007-2013 • European Commission's instrument for supporting R&D • Budget is over €50 Billion • Covers Four Specific Research Programmes • Cooperation (€32.202 Billion); • Ideas (€7.460 Billion); • People (€4.577 Billion); • Capacities (€4.193 Billion)
ICT Work Programme approach and structure • A limited set of Challenges that • respond to well-identified industry and technology needs and/or • target specific socio-economic goals • A Challenge is addressed through a limited set of Objectives that form the basis of Calls for Proposals • An Objective is described in terms of • target outcome - in terms of characteristics • expected impact - in terms of industrial competitiveness, societal goal, technology progress
ICT Work Programme Challenges Socio-economic goals 4. Digital libraries and content 5. ICT for health 6. ICT for mobility & sustainable growth 7. ICT for independent living and inclusion 1. Network and service infrastructures 2. Cognitive systems, interaction, robotics Future and Emerging Technologies (FET) Industry/Tech needs 3. Components, systems, engineering
Funding Schemes 3 funding schemes – 5 “instruments” • Collaborative Projects (CP)* • Large Scale Integrating Projects (“IP”) • Small or medium scale focused research actions (“STREP”) • Networks of Excellence (NoE) • Coordination and Support Actions (CSA) • Coordinating or networking actions (“CA”) • Support Actions (“SA”) ICT Workprogramme – 2007/08: • budget pre-allocation to instruments !
Budget split per objective For each Work Programme objective: • A reserved amount for CSAs • support activities won’t need to compete against research projects for funding • A reserved amount for NoE • won’t fund multiple NoEs to compete with each other • Remaining (main) part of budget committed to Collaborative Projects • minimum percent Integrating Projects, minimum percent Focused Research Actions, the remainder distributed by quality of the proposals
ICT Call 3 • ICT-2007.2.2 Cognitive systems, interaction, robotics • ICT-2007.4.3 Digital libraries and technology-enhanced learning • ICT-2007.4.4 Intelligent content and semantics • ICT-2007.8.4 Science of complex systems for socially intelligent ICT • ICT-2007.8.5 Embodied intelligence • ICT-2007.8.6 ICT forever yours • ICT-2007.9.2 International cooperation • Date of Publication: 4 December 2007 • Closure date: 8 April 2008 at 17:00, Brussels local time • Indicative budget: 265 M€
FP7 - ICT Call 1 (2007) results • 185 proposals, €680m asked for €96m available [144 STREPs, 36 IPs, 5 NoE] • 1432 proposers from 43 countries • 63 proposals passed evaluation [56 STREPs, 6 IPs, 1 NoE] • 26 projects retained: [19 STREPs, 6 IPs, 1 NoE] • Lowest scoring “retained” projects • STREP – 12, IP – 11, NoE - 13
Target a (IPs, STREPs) 3 areas: focus on one • Robots handling different objects and operating autonomously or in cooperation with people • Systems (robotic, sensor networks etc) monitoring and controlling material or informational processes • Multimodal interfaces and interpersonal communication systems, understanding language, gestures
Robots …… in real world settings less-constrained environments can be too nuanced, too complicated and too unpredictable to be summarised within a limited set of specifications there will inevitably be novel situations and the system will have gaps, conflicts or ambiguities in its own knowledge and capabilities
robots handling different objects and operating autonomously or in cooperation with people may call for manipulation & grasping, navigation, locomotion, obstacle avoidance, interaction with humans,…
Monitoring and controlling…eg using computer vision traffic monitoring other applications intelligent surveillance, biometric recognition, exploration, data-gathering manufacturing, robotics,…
robots or other systems monitoring & controlling material or informational processes May call for: detection, recognition, classification …. of objects, events or processes,…
the majority of mobile phones have voice dialling software for dictating documents on your PC is available in most computer stores Interactive Voice Response (IVR) systems are becoming commonplace for handling telephone enquiries … technology is fragile in ‘real’ conditions From Roger K. Moore Spoken Language Processing for Artificial Cognitive Systems, IST 2006 Multimodal Interfaces …eg in speech recognition improvements have come from increases in computing power
multimodal interfaces &/or interpersonal communication systems understanding language, gestures, etc may call for a deep understanding of human physical & cognitive capabilities, communication needs & contextual constraints,…
A key question How should systems pertaining to these areas be designed and built so that they are more robust, flexible, effective, natural and where necessary or desirable, safer and more autonomous than what is possible today? but,… how can we specify what it means to be robust, flexible, etc?
Addressing the key question • while providing valid and viable answers to the previous key question, projects can take the approach of their choice, and draw on those scientific and engineering disciplines that are needed to achieve the its goals. • projects are requested to contribute to the development of criteria for benchmarkingsystem properties such as robustness, scalability and adaptability, make them public and compare with others don’t forget the emphasis, in particular in robotics, is on integration of complete systems
Project outcome • projects are expected to develop know-howneeded to create new products and to build systems that are desirable but cannot be built given our current know-how • emphasis is scientific and technological advance – not application development!!; • role of applications is to provide research questions and to demonstrate the impact of conceptual or technical innovation.
Challenges for research • a key issue is how systems should work – greatly improving robustness etc. requires rethinking the way systems are engineered • theories are needed - systems theories, software architectures, control theories, modelling theories, etc - that will allow us to build these types of systems • engineering progress will depend on advancing scientific understanding of what both natural and artificial systems can and cannot do, and how and why • integration of disciplines: robotics, artificial intelligence, computer vision, natural language, cognitive science, psychology,… mathematics,… philosophy
Target b (NoEs) Network of excellence (NoE)- programmes of joint research & resource sharing which contribute to reinforcing & sustaining scientific excellence. Robotics: experimentation with industry strength platforms, benchmarking Cognitive Systems: integration of diverse research area, understanding of requirements for specific applications Language based communication and interaction: new approaches; understanding of capabilities required of technical systems NoE on Machine learning funded in Call 1!!! - will have calls for Expressions of Interest
Target c(CSAs) • Increased cooperation and coordination between EU Member States covering domain that contribute to overall goals of Challenge 2.
Some myths • European level – does not mean having a spread of partners from countries all over Europe. It means cross-border collaboration that promises to achieve more than could have been achieved within one single Member State • Industrial participation - is not a requirement. It is an option • Presence of one or more SMEs - is not to be taken as a must or as a de facto plus point. SMEs are treated just as any other partner in a consortium in terms of having a necessary competence, a reputation and a clearly defined role • Projects - incl. IPs - need not assemble large numbers of partners. Projects should only include those partners needed to achieve the goals and no more.
More myths • Management by a professional consultancy – is not to be taken for granted. It must offer a proven added-value. • We are not looking for ideas for new applications systems or products. Advances should be related to the engineering goals of Challenge 2 – not to health, security, ambient intelligence,….(those such domains can provide useful demonstration scenarios) • We are not looking for ‘contributions’ to any policy except research policy. And the part of research policy in question is Challenge 2 - not enlargement policy, SME policy, Information Society policy (i2010), other Community policies*…. *often cited wrongly or misunderstood
Links More (documents, project descriptions, presentations,…) at • http://www.cognitivesystems.eu European Network for the advancement of artificial Cognitive Systems • http://www.eucognition.org • http://www.robotics-platform.eu.com/ Contact • Colette.Maloney@ec.europa.eu
ICT2007.4.3: Digital Libraries & Technology enhanced Learning The Workprogramme has 2 distinct elements: Digital Libraries • Medium term: • a) Large-scale European-wide digital libraries • Long term: • b) Radically new approaches to digital preservation Technology-enhanced Learning • Medium term • c)Responsive environments for technology-enhanced learning • Long term • d)Adaptive and intuitive learning systems
Digital libraries: research objectives a)Large-scale European-wide digital libraries of cultural and scientific multi-format and multi-source digital objects (medium term) • robust and scalable environments • cost-effective digitisation • innovative services and creative use • semantic-based search facilities and • digital preservation features assisting communities of practice in the creative use of content in multilingual and multidisciplinary contexts b) Radically new approaches to preservation of digital content (long term) • high volume; dynamic and volatile digital content (notably web) • keep track of evolving meaning and usage context • safeguarding integrity, authenticity and accessibility over time • models enabling automatic and self-organising approaches to preservation
Digital libraries: approach and impact • Approach: • All funding schemes – but with very different indicative budgets • Includes concept of centres of competence for digitisation and preservation, building upon, pooling and upgrading resources in the Member States • Cross-disciplinary research; empirical evaluation; socio-economic impact • Impact: • Unlock organisations'and people's ability to access digital content and to preserve it over time • EU-wide massive digitisation and long termpreservation
Technology-enhanced Learning: research objectives c) Responsive environments for technology-enhanced learning(Medium term) • accommodate personalisation to respond to specific learning needs and contexts (mass-individualisation) • are capable of transforming learning outcomes into permanent knowledge assets • enhance competence, skills and performance • are pedagogically sound d) Adaptive and intuitive learning systems (Long term) • identify learner's requirements, intelligently monitoring progress, • exploit learning and cognitive abilities letting people learn better, • give purposeful and meaningful advice to both learners and teachers learning on your own or collaboratively
Technology-enhanced Learning: approach and impact Approach: • Cross-disciplinary (cognitive, organisational, pedagogical, technological aspects) • Provide a body of evidence as to which approaches are effective and under which circumstances Impact: • Faster and more effective learning, acquisition of knowledge, competences and skills • Unlocking people’s and organisations’ ability to master knowledge and apply it • Increased knowledge worker productivity, • More efficient organisational learning processes
Budget and Funding Schemes - instruments • Budget for Call 3: 50 MEUR • Funding Schemes: • Cooperative Projects (IPs and STREPs) • Networks of Excellence • Coordination Actions/Support Actions • Indicative funding: • Cooperative projects M€42.5 • minimum of M€20 to IPs; • minimum of M€10 to STREPs); • M€5 for NoEs; • M€2.5 for CSAs NO pre-allocation of budget between “digital libraries” and “learning”!
FP7 - ICT Call 1 (2007) results • 191 proposals, €610m asked for €52m available [149 STREPs, 21 IPs, 3 NoE, 6 CA, 12 SA] • 81 proposals passed evaluation [62 STREPs, 9 IPs, 2 NoE , 3 CA, 5 SA] • 26 projects retained: [7 STREPs, 4 IPs, 1 CA] • Lowest scoring “retained” projects • STREP – 14, IP – 14.5, CA - 15
FP7-ICT call 1 results • Digital Libraries and digital preservation • 2 IPs, 3 STREPs, 1 CA • Large scale digitisation of printed documents (older materials and fonts), digital preservation and added value services based on digital content • Learning • 2 IPs and 4 STREPs • Greater focus on responsive environments and mid-term goals, than on intuitive systems • Strong continuity with FP6 research (and projects!) – NoEs have been influential
FP7-ICT call 1 new projectsTechnology-enhanced Learning (1) • IP1: Constructivist approach to science learning • Adaptivity, learner as creator, engagement, guidance (by tutors/teachers) • Consortium: universities • IP2: Workplace learning • Embedding learning more seamlessly in work processes and KM systems; knowledge maturation • Consortium: universities, industry
FP7-ICT call 1 new projectsTechnology-enhanced Learning (2) • STRP 1: Personalisation and adaptivity • developing new tools interfacing with existing infrastructures and LMS • STRP 2: Theories, methodologies and technologies for game based learning • Focus on learning science, adaptivity, story telling and engagement • STRP 3: Adaptivity and guidance • Using natural language technologies to support learner and teacher • STRP 4: Innovation and creativity in product development
FP7-ICT call 1 new projectsDigital libraries (1) Integrated Project 1: • Data Grid, Federated Digital Libraries, Persistent Data Archives and Multivalent Architecture • Test-beds: Documents in Memory Institutions and Governmental Collections, Objects in Industrial Design and Engineering, eScience • Consortium: universities and research org in EU and US, industry and gov. Integrated Project 2: • Large scale digitisation of printed older material (scan + OCR) with multilingual support • Centre of competence for digitisation • Consortium: national libraries, ICT (scan + OCR specialists)
FP7-ICT call 1 new projectsDigital libraries (2) STREP 1: • Web archiving: fidelity, coherence and interpretability, transforming pure snapshot into living web archive • Consortium: Universities and research, new media archiving STREP 2: • Explore software agent technologies to automate preservation processes (self-preserving objects) • Consortium: archives and universities, research, ICT STREP 3: • Innovative access to digital library content (ability to extend queries in the context of a specific discipline to alien domains) • Consortium: film news agencies, universities, research CSA • Coordination action on multilingualism in digital libraries
Where proposals failed • Described solutionswithout defining either the problem or the research and progress that would be made • Objectives more oriented towards providing a solution for a particular set of users (e.g. training for engineers, the virtual museum or digital library with the collections of a specific organisation) than the objectives and impacts specified in the work-programme • Failure to justify the choice of the application or test-bed. Our approach is subject neutral – and so it is up to proposers to argue the usefulness of the proposed test-beds (in terms of learning context, potential for replication). • Tried to create false links between digital libraries and technology-enhanced learning – thinking that greater coverage of the WP is better than clear relevance to one of the research topics
Where proposals failed • Over-dimensioned – tried to tackle too much and becoming too diffuse rather than stick to a core problem and focused, measurable objectives • In digital libraries: • Several proposals having as main objective and outcome to set-up adigital library or repository hosting the collections of an institution, occasionally with some a digitisation component, but a very limited research component • Development of solutions for very specific audiences (tracking of stolen works, publishing / simulation of scientific data) without a visible research outcome • In learning: • Inability to leverage a balance of research in technological and pedagogical (or cognitive science) disciplines – too often there were technologies looking for a home • Aim to create LMS or content delivery platforms – not advanced as regards the state of the art, or more oriented towards the objectives of eContentplus
Contacts and further information • Cultural heritage and technology enhance learning http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/ict/telearn-digicult/home_en.html • Info day Luxembourg 18/19 December 2007 http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/ict/telearn-digicult/call3-infodays_en.html (useful presentations, project summaries from Call 1 etc) • ERCIM News September 2007 (Technology Enhanced Learning) http://ercim-news.ercim.org/ Digital libraries and preservation:email@example.com Tech. enhanced learning:firstname.lastname@example.org
FP7 - ICT Call 1 (2007) results • 148 proposals, €610m asked for €52m available [119 STREPs, 20 IPs, 1 NoE, 3 CA, 5 SA] • 55 proposals passed evaluation [45 STREPs, 8 IPs, 0 NoE , 1 CA, 1 SA] • 15 projects retained: [9 STREPs, 4 IPs, 1 CA, 1 SA] • Lowest scoring “retained” projects • STREP – 12.5, IP – 12.5, CA – 13, SA – 10.5
Call 1 results • popular themes: • content creation & processing,media (film, TV, advertising…) & otherappls(egsurveillance) • Knowledge management in a range of business& public-interest domains • personalisation& summarisation Recurring features: video & 3D; automated extraction, annotation & indexing; social approaches … • gaps: • Creative authoring(egonline games, virtualworlds, industrialdesign …) • immersive rendering, multimodal consumption
Successful Proposals • post-production tools for the film & games industry • semantic coding of 3D objects, sharing of 3D models • semantic wikis as a knowledge management tool • enterprise knowledge aids integrating social software & semantics • distributed, approximate & incomplete reasoning ……
Call 3 • guidance for proposers • analysis of Call 1 submissions • synopses of successful proposals • Call 3 specific guides • handling of inquiries until mid-March • series of infodays