Keeping the Salon Clean: Preventing Bacteria, Viruses, and Other Contaminants - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Keeping the Salon Clean: Preventing Bacteria, Viruses, and Other Contaminants PowerPoint Presentation
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Keeping the Salon Clean: Preventing Bacteria, Viruses, and Other Contaminants

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Keeping the Salon Clean: Preventing Bacteria, Viruses, and Other Contaminants
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Keeping the Salon Clean: Preventing Bacteria, Viruses, and Other Contaminants

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  1. Keeping the Salon Clean:Preventing Bacteria, Viruses, and Other Contaminants Written by Dallas Duncan HS_CSII_2 2011

  2. How Contaminants Enter the Body • Through a wound or other skin break • Contaminated water or food • Inhaling airborne pathogens • Eyes, ears, and other bodily fluids, such as blood • Cosmetologists should be especially concerned with bloodborne pathogens • If you accidentally cause a person with a bloodborne pathogen to bleed, you risk contaminating your tools or yourself Contaminants can enter the body in a variety of ways, including through the eyes

  3. Bacteria • Bacteria are single-celled organisms that can exist almost anywhere • Bacteria move using whip-like flagella or cilia • Most bacteria are harmless and are constantly present in the body, helping to digest food and protect against foreign pathogens • Pathogens are harmful bacteria that can cause disease • Because of pathogenic bacteria, salons must maintain certain health standards and regulations

  4. Types of Pathogenic Bacteria • Bacilli • Most common type of bacteria • Short and rod-shaped • Cause diseases such as lockjaw and tuberculosis • Cocci • Round-shaped bacteria that can be grouped into clusters, strings, or pairs • Varieties: Staphylococci, streptococci, diplococci • Cause diseases such as pneumonia and strep throat • Spirilla • Spiral-shaped bacteria • Cause diseases such as syphilis and Lyme disease Staphylococcus bacteria

  5. Bacteria Life Cycle • Structure: Outer cell wall, internal protoplasm • Active/Vegetative Stage • Stage where bacteria grow and reproduce • After reaching the largest size, bacteria undergo mitosis and divide to form two new cells • Inactive/Spore-Forming Stage • Not all bacteria form spores • Spores allow bacteria to withstand hardship such as famine and unfavorable environments • When conditions change, bacteria become active again Bacteria that can grow in colonies are in the active stage of their life cycle

  6. Types of Bacterial Infection • Infection: Body tissues are invaded by a pathogen • Though there are some treatments for infection, many types of bacteria are becoming resistant, meaning there is now a greater need for pathogen control in cosmetology • Local Infection • Confined to a particular part of the body • Identified by a pus-containing lesion • General Infection • Bloodstream carries the bacteria and its toxins to all parts of the body E. coli bacteria cause a general infection

  7. Viruses • A virus is a microscopic structure that can get into the bodies of many organisms, including bacteria • They infect organisms by replicating their own genetic material alongside that of their host • Viruses consist of genetic material made of DNA or RNA, a protein coat, and a lipid envelope • There are millions of different kinds of viruses • Viruses are generally resistant to antibiotics Bacteriophage virus attacking a bacterial cell

  8. Viruses Pertinent to Cosmetology • Hepatitis • Causes inflammation of the liver • Three types — A, B, and C • A has flu-like symptoms and can be spread through poor sanitation and poor personal hygiene • B is more severe but is spread through sexual contact • C is fatal and is also spread through sexual contact • HIV/AIDS • HIV is spread through the transmission of bodily fluids • HIV can lead to AIDS, which compromises the immune system • Other viruses include common colds, chicken pox, polio, and the flu • Many of these other viruses can be spread through poor sanitation and poor personal hygiene Novel H1N1 Influenza Virus

  9. Fungi • Include molds, mildews, and yeasts • Can cause skin diseases such as ringworm • Nail Fungus • Contracted through improperly washed implements • Never goes away but is usually confined to one area • Can be spread between clients and from client to cosmetologist • Treatment is applied to the affected area but it can require a doctor’s care Nail infected with fungus

  10. Parasites • Includes head lice and scabies • Parasites are smaller than their hosts and reduce the fitness and viability of the host • Can live on the surface or inside the host • Transmission of parasites depends on the hosts and the environment Head lice are common parasites of interest to cosmetologists