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Secondary Effects USH 12 Experience. Dane and Sauk Counties Wisconsin. History. Sauk City. 12. 60. DOT wanted to improve a 2-lane rural roadway radiating from the Madison Metropolitan Area to a 4-lane expressway (Dane County). 151. 18 Mile Project Corridor. 14. Middleton.

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Secondary Effects USH 12 Experience


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secondary effects ush 12 experience

Secondary EffectsUSH 12 Experience

Dane and Sauk Counties

Wisconsin

history
History

Sauk City

12

60

  • DOT wanted to improve a 2-lane rural roadway radiating from the Madison Metropolitan Area to a 4-lane expressway (Dane County)

151

18 Mile Project Corridor

14

Middleton

  • Went through an extensive public/agency involvement process 1991 to 1995
    • Study committees with governments and agencies (before they were popular)
    • Project scoping meetings
    • Township coordination meetings
    • Public Involvement Meetings
    • Interaction with ALL agencies

94

Madison

18

12

18

151

90

39

Fitchburg

51

14

history3
History
  • Focus of concern was agricultural impacts to this corridor lined with dairy farms.
  • Because of this, on-alignment alternatives were favored to reduce farm severances
history4
History
  • 1993 Ho-Chunk Bingo Hall lies on USH 12
    • 2 miles south of Interstate 90/94
    • 20 miles north of Sauk City
    • 40 miles north of Madison
  • 1993 Changes in legislation allow Bingo Hall to convert to Casino
    • Traffic Volumes Dramatically Increase
history5
History
  • 1994 DOT initiates EIS for 11 mile portion of USH 12 south of interstate (Sauk County)
    • Leaves an 11 mile segment of unimproved roadway between two projects
  • 1995 DOI letter cites segmentation
  • DOT answers by including impacts of whole corridor in the EIS for both projects
    • Even for roadway portion not going to be improved for 20 years
background
Background
  • Dane County DEIS released in 1995
    • Almost all supported a four-lane improvement on existing alignment
  • Sauk County DEIS released in 1996
    • 5 different alignments investigated, both on and off-alignment
history7

NORTH

Minnesota

Driftless Plains District

Wisconsin

Sand Plains District

Moraines District

Iowa

Baraboo Hills

Bioreserve

Indiana

Southern Minnesota and

Wisconsin Savanna

Illinois

Ecoregion

History

Baraboo Range National Natural Landmark!!!!

  • Quartzite Range
  • 27 miles long
  • 14 miles wide
  • South Range
  • Largest block of unfragmented forest in the Mid-west
history9
History

1

2

4

3

5

history10
History
  • Clear-cut in early 1900’s
  • Steep slopes and rocky soils limited agricultural use
  • Steep slopes and rocky soils limited septic systems
  • Lack of development allowed reforestation
  • Home to many T&E species (particularly neo-tropical birds
  • “Last Great Place” by Nature Conservancy
  • National Natural Landmark
  • Most of land still privately owned
history11
History
  • New secondary effects concerns
  • With a four-lane roadway – BRNNL more attractive to live in for Madison commuters
  • A regulatory agency asked for quantitative analysis of how improvement would affect BRNNL
    • How many new commuters (2nd Effect)
    • How many locate in BRNNL (2nd Effect)
    • How the new households would affect T&E species (3rd Effect)
history12
History
  • DOT promptly started a review
    • (Project on Fast Track)
  • Three quantitative analysis started:
    • Gravity-type
    • Commuter Shed Review
    • Highway Type vs. Community Growth
  • Resulted in Increasing DOA projections
  • Qualitative review of effects to T&E species also initiated
slide15

Change in DOA Projections

54% more population growth than projected

history16
History
  • 167 acres of more residential development in BRNNL
  • 28 caused by highway improvement
  • 120 page analysis listed in SDEIS
  • Allocated development to areas most susceptible to development to determine effect to T&E species
history18
History
  • Agencies were skeptical
    • Believed effects would be much greater
    • EPA threatened an EU rating
  • EPA commissioned their own study from Argonne Labs
  • Argonne Report extremely critical of quantitative methods used
    • Report seemed to advocate more rigorous use of Gravity Model (emphasis on commuters)
  • Criticisms of qualitative analysis to T&E species were modest
history19
History
  • DOT responded:
    • Review of historical changes in land use in the BRNNL
    • Supplemental quantitative analysis focusing on Gravity model.
    • Released a Supplemental DEIS for Sauk county USH 12
history20

Residential area (at 2.24 acres per

Residential

dwelling) includes 1,180 acres due

to DOA growth projections and 85

60,000

acres attributed to USH 12

50,000

Forest Edge

Fragmentation (at 8 acres per

40,000

dwelling) includes 1,170 acres

ACRES

due to DOA growth projections

and 310 acres attributed to USH 12

30,000

Forest Interior

20,000

Agricultural

10,000

Shrub / Other

1992

2020

1962

(Projected with

current trends and

preservation efforts)

YEAR

History

Historical Land Use change in BRNNL

(From Satellite photographs)

Forest Interior Actually Increased from 1962 to 1992!

history21
History
  • Supplemental Gravity Analysis
    • 12 different models performed
    • All indicated a change in commuters of 13 to 28 more commuters from BRNNL due to improved highway times
  • Agencies (DATCP) critical of analysis
    • Said it only considered effect of commuter, and not local growth
ush 12 moa
USH 12 MOA
  • Phased Construction in Dane County
    • 1999 Preliminary work only
    • 200-2001 Construct northern portion
    • 2002-2003 Grading, no pavement in southern portion
    • 2004 Construction of Middleton Bypass
ush 12 moa23
USH 12 MOA
  • Access Control and Adjoining Land Divisions
    • 30% fewer access points as compared to current roadway
    • 500 foot control of access along local roads
    • 1000 foot control of access along State and County roads
ush 12 moa24
USH 12 MOA
  • Commuter Rail/Transit Alternatives Study to be completed
  • Fund 50% of PE for locally preferred alternative for commuter rail/transit study.
  • Secondary Land Use Impact Methodology
    • Survey state of art modeling techniques
    • Provide guidelines for use of models
    • Identify improvement needed in models
ush 12 moa25
USH 12 MOA
  • BRNNL Protection Fund
    • $5 million for purchase of land or development rights in Baraboo Range
    • Legislature not amused, passed bill that development rights can only be purchased within ½ mile of highway Right-of-Way
  • Preservation outside BRNNL
    • $5 million for development rights in Dane and Sauk Counties
    • Local Planning Assistance
ush 12 moa26
USH 12 MOA
  • Ice Age National Scenic Trail
    • Grade Separated Crossings
    • Transportation Enhancement aid
  • Play nice together provisions
  • Meet biannually to discuss status of MOA
  • One original signer left, considers himself to be the conscious of the MOA