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USH 20:3 PowerPoint Presentation

USH 20:3

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USH 20:3

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  1. USH 20:3 • Latinos Migrate North • Most Mexican –Americans lived in W and SW • Many moved to Midwest and North by 1920s • Job opportunities • In SW and W • Many lived in barrios • Segmented sections of a community • Non-Hispanics built communities around Hispanic settlements • Many unsanitary; high rates of infant mortality (death)

  2. USH 20:3 • Mexican-Americans Face Discrimination • Increased during the Great Depression • Gov’t forces many to leave • Known as “repatriation”

  3. USH 20:3 • Latinos Organize • Sources of Latino immigration • Mexico • Puerto Rico • Cuba

  4. USH 20:3 • Why did they come from … • Mexico • Jobs, better economic conditions in the U.S. • Puerto Rico • Easy to move to U.S. because PR is a “Territory” • Economic troubles in PR • Cuba • Cuban government was overthrown by Communists (1959) • Many Cubans flee to the U.S.

  5. USH 20:3 • Latinos Organize • League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) • Fight against discrimination against people of Latin American ancestry • Encouraged assimilation into American society • Take in the ideas and culture of another

  6. USH 20:3 • Key Court Cases • Mendez v Westminster (1947) • California Supreme Court • Ended segregation in California schools • Hernandez v Texas (1954) • U.S. Supreme Court • Texas now had to allow Mexican-Americans on its juries

  7. USH 20:3 • Protests and Progress • Caesar Chavez • Dolores Huerta • Two leaders of the protest movement • Fought primarily for farm workers

  8. USH 20:3 • La RazaUnida(“The United People”) • Political movement • Founded by Jose’ Angel Gutie’rrez • Their goals: • Better access to financial institutions • Better job-training programs

  9. USH 20:3 • Bilingual Education Act (1968) • “bilingualism”: teaching immigrant students in their own language while they also learn English • Directed schools to set up classes for immigrants in their own language