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Spanish Unit 2 Study Guide. By Milan Arya, Saleha Minhas , Amanda Gross, and Liana Ploskonka. Lesson 1 Grammar. Adverbs (- mente ). English adverbs end in – ly , but in spanish adverbs can be formed by adding – mente . Ex: Rápido  Rápida Rápidamente Frequente Frequentemente

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Spanish Unit 2 Study Guide


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    1. Spanish Unit 2 Study Guide By Milan Arya, SalehaMinhas, Amanda Gross, and Liana Ploskonka

    2. Lesson 1 Grammar

    3. Adverbs (-mente) English adverbs end in –ly, but in spanishadverbs can be formed by adding –mente. Ex: Rápido RápidaRápidamente FrequenteFrequentemente FácilFácilmente

    4. Preterite -ir, -er Comer Escribir Yoescribí Túescribiste Usted/él/ellaescribió Nosotrosescribimos Vosotrosescribisteis Ustedes/ellosescribieron Yocomí Túcomiste Usted/él/ellacomió Nosotroscomimos Vosotroscomisteis Ustedes/elloscomieron

    5. Demonstrative Pronouns

    6. Demonstrative Adjectives Close Not close Far Away M. F. M. F. M. F. Este this Esta this Singular Ese that Esa that Aquel that Aquella that Aquellas those Aquellos those Estos these Estas these Esos those Esas those Plural

    7. Demonstrative adjectives appear before nouns. They agree in gender and number with the noun they describe. Ex: ¿Cuantocuestoesteanillo? How much does this ring cost? Demonstrative pronouns take the place of nouns. They agree in gender and number with the noun they replace. Ex: ¿Cuántocuestaéste? How much does this one cost?

    8. Lesson 2 Grammar

    9. Pensar • What does it mean when it is followed by an infinitive? • To plan or to plan on • Examples • Piensoacostarmetempranoestanoche. • I plan to go (on going) to bed early tonight.

    10. Reflexive Verbs • Yo • Tú • Usted, Él, Ella • Nosotros • Ustedes, Ellos, Ellas • Me • Te • Se • Nos • Se

    11. Reflexive Verbs (Cont.) • ¿A quéhoraquieres _____________? • Despertarme • Despertarse • Despertarte • Despertarnos

    12. Reflexive Verbs (Cont.) • ____ quierodespertar a las siete. • Se • Me • Te • Os

    13. Present Progressive • Ar • Er • Ir • -ando • -iendo • -iendo

    14. Present Progressive (Cont.) • Estoycomprando las toallas. • I am buying towels. • ¿Qué estáscomiendo? • What are you eating?

    15. Present Progressive (Cont.) • If an –er or –ir verb ends with a vowel, “-iendo” changes to “-yendo” • Example: leer -> leyendo

    16. Present Progressive (Cont.) Some verbs have a change in the first vowel Decir -> Diciendo Dormir -> Durmiendo • e -> i • o -> u

    17. Present Progressive (Cont.) • Esta _______ una pulsera. • Comprando

    18. Vocabulary

    19. Championship • El campeonato

    20. Bicycle racing • El ciclismo

    21. Competition • La competencia

    22. To compete • Competir (i)

    23. To be tied • Estarempatado

    24. To play on a team • Jugar (ue) en equipo

    25. To score a goal • Meter un gol

    26. Prize; award • El premio

    27. Track • La pista

    28. Net • La red

    29. Uniform • El uniforme

    30. Oh please! • Ay, por favor

    31. Bravo • Bravo

    32. Come on! • Dale!

    33. Ugh! • Uy

    34. Its important • Es importante

    35. It’s good • Es bueno

    36. Its necessary • Es necasario

    37. To exercise • Hacerejercito

    38. To stay in shape • Mantenarse (ie) en forma

    39. healthy:; healthful • Saludable

    40. To follow a balanced diet • Seguir (i) unadietabalanceada

    41. The world cup • La copamundial

    42. The olympic games • Los juegospanamericanos

    43. The panamerican games • Los juegospanamericanos

    44. The tour de France • La vuelta a Francia

    45. Active • Activo(a)

    46. Sportsman/woman • El(la) deportista

    47. Slow • Lento(a)

    48. Muscular • Musculoso(a)

    49. Fast • Rapido(a)

    50. To go to bed • Acostarse (ue)