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UNIT 1. LANGUAGE NOTE. The Verb Be. 1. The verb be is irregular and is often contracted. We use it to talk about age, nationality, job and status. I’m (I am) Italian. She’s (she is) married. You’re (you are) my line manager They’re (they are) German.

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UNIT 1


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unit 1

UNIT 1

LANGUAGE NOTE

the verb be
The Verb Be

1. The verb be is irregular and is often contracted. We use it

to talk about age, nationality, job and status.

  • I’m (I am) Italian. She’s (she is) married.
  • You’re (you are) my line manager They’re (they are) German.
  • He’s (he is) thirty. We’re (we are) both engineers.

2. To make a question with the verb be we invert the subject and the verb.

  • Are you married? Yes, I am.
  • Is she American? No. she isn’t.
  • What is his job and where is he from? He is a designer. He’s from Greece
slide3
READINGLook at the article about Lorella Braglia. Complete the article using the verb in the box. The first letter of each verb is given.

Lorella Braglia i________(1) the founder of Dielle, and also the main designer. Her husband, Danilo, w______(2) for the company as Marketing Director. Lorella d______ (3) two collections every year and p_________(4) them as fashion shows in London, Paris, and New York.

Dielle m_____(5) everything in Italy, and u_______(6) very modern equipment in its workshops. The company e________(7) the services of seventy workshops in and around Reggio Emilia. It p_________(8) 100.000 units per year. Lorella and her husband l______(9) in a house in the centre of Reggio Emilia, not far from the office. They a______(10) not often there, because they both t________(11) a lot. How they relax? ‘l d_______(12) yoga and Danilo p_______(13) golf, ‘says Lorella. At the weekends they p_______(14) golf together and e______(15) out at local restaurants with their children.

slide4
Listen to the first part of the passage (up to 8). How is the final s of the verbs pronounced -/s/, /z/, or /iz?
  • /s/ as in likes ……………………………………………………………
  • /z/ as in plays ……………………………………………………………
  • /iz/ as in l\uses ……………………………………………………………
the present simple
The Present Simple

1. When we talk about regular actions or permanent states we use the present simple tense.

  • I work for Dielle We speak English and French.
  • You live in London. They travel a lot.

2. We add s to the end of the verb in the third person singular (he, she, or it).

  • He plays golf. It takes two hours to get to work.
  • She works at home. She knows a lot about computers.
slide6
PRONUNCIATION1. Listen to the alphabet in English. Write the letters in the correct sound groups, as in the examples.
  • 2. Listen again and check your answers. Practice saying the letters aloud.3. Work with a partner. Spell your company’s or school’s name, your town, and your address.4. Now say the following. What do the letters stand for?
meeting someone for the first time
Meeting someone for the first time

1. Introducing yourself

Let me introduce myself. My name’s … How do you do? Pleased to meet you.

Hello. I’m…. Nice to meet you.

2. Introducing another person

Let me introduce you to…. How do you do? or Nice / Pleased to meet you

This is my colleague … Nice to meet you too.

3. Other Question

Where are you from? I’m from … (but I work in..)

What do you do? I’m a …What about you?

Why do you do work for? I work for … And you?

slide10

Sally Kent is the editor of Business Monthly magazine. She introduces Simon Hastings to two other people. Listen and fill in the gaps in the table below.

what expressions do a b c d use to make introductions listen again and fill in the gaps
What expressions do A, B, C, D use to make introductions? Listen again and fill in the gaps.

A: Alessandra,.......................................' you to my colleague, Simon Hastings.

B: How ....................................... ?2 Pleased to .............3 you.

C: How.......................................?4

B: Do you work here, Alessandra?

C: No, I work for SAP. I'm a consultant.........................? my colleague Akiko

Takajima.

D: Nice ........................................6

B: Nice ....................................................7 , Akiko. Where are you from?

D: I'm from Osaka, in Japan.

B: Where do you work?

D: I work for SAP in Frankfurt. I'm a ...........................8 And you?

B: I'm .....................................................9 here at Business Monthly. Sally's my boss.

present simple questions and negatives
Present simple questions and negatives

1. To make questions and negative sentences we use the auxiliary do / does.

  • Where do you live? I live in Paris. I don’t know (do not) lives in Milan.
  • When do they finis work? They finish work a 12.00

They don’t (do not) work in the afternoon.

  • Do you live here? No, I don’t.
  • Do you speak English? Yes, I do.

2 We use does for the third person (he, she, or it).

  • What language does she speak? She speaks Finnish and English.

She doesn’t (does not) speak Spanish.

  • Does he smoke? Yes, he does.
  • Does she work with them? No, she doesn’t.
slide13

SPEAKING1. Work in pairs. Student A, look at File I on page 151. Student B, turn to File O on page 152. Ask your partner questions and complete the table below. Guess the name of your partner's company.

2. Ask your partner the same questions about the company where he or she works. Write a short description of this company. Then report back to the rest of the class.

giving a talk
Giving a talk

1 Presenting the structure of a talk

  • I am here to talk about/ give a presentation on ….
  • The subject of my talk is …
  • The talk is in three parts….
  • The first
  • Second parts looks at / is about …
  • last

2 Introducing each point

  • Right / first / now / finally …
  • Let’s start with / let’s look at / let’s talk about …

3 Ending

  • Do you have any question?
  • Thank you.
presenting a company
Presenting a company

1 Structure / group is called …

  • It is a (French) company, based in (Paris).
  • It has factories / production centers / subsidiaries in ….
  • The chairman / CEO/ founder / owner is …
  • It employs (200) people / It has (200) employees.

2 Products and customers

  • Their main activity is …
  • The main products / customers are … and …

3 Results and future plans

  • The annual turnover is ($30 million) with profits of ($2 million).
  • We plan to…
pronounciation
PRONOUNCIATION

1. In spoken English, the most important words in a sentence are stressed more than the others. In sentences 1-3 below, the stressed words are underlined. Listen, then underline the stressed words in sentences 4-6.

  • Where do you work?
  • How much does he earn?
  • What does she do?
  • He doesn’t speak English.
  • Does she work here now? Yes, she does.
  • Do you use a PC? Yes, I do

2. Listen again and check. Notice how the pronunciation of do and does changes when they are unstressed: - do/ du:/becomes / də/, and does / dΛz/ becomes /dəz/.

3. Listen and repeat. Pay attention to stress and to the sound of do and does.