Jeopardy. Biology 12: Urinary System. THE KID KNEE! 100. Urine collects here in the kidney Renal pelvis Board. THE KID KNEE! 200. This artery carries blood to the kidney The renal artery Board. THE KID KNEE! 400. These carry urine from the kidney to the urinary bladder Ureters Board.
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Urine collects here in the kidney
This artery carries blood to the kidney
These carry urine from the kidney to the urinary bladder
This process carries urine down the ureter
These are located in the urinary bladder and trigger urination
Trace a urea molecule and a glucose molecule from the renal artery to the urethra/renal vein
This is a delicate ball of capillaries
This structure starts in the renal cortex, goes into the renal medulla but goes back to the renal cortex
This the network of capillaries that are branched from the efferent arteriole
These 3 structures are only found in the renal cortex
Many nephrons join to form one of these
These parts of a nephron are thicker due to the abundance of transport proteins in the lining of the tubules
Pressure filtration occurs between these two structures
These _________ molecules make up the ________ inside the nephron
This molecule is required during the process of selective re-absorption, without it, re-absorption would not happen
These are an example of molecules that are reabsorbed that do not require ATP
Water passes through the ________ portion of the LOH by ___________.
The filtrate in the descending LOH becomes “salty” for these reasons
The descending LOH is permeable to ____ and the ascending LOH is permeable to ____
This molecule is necessary for tubular secretion to occur
Blood pH adjustments occur
If blood has a low pH what will happen to H+ and HCO3- re-absorption into the blood?
The ascending LOH moves Na+ out of the filtrate by _______ and _______
Its necessary to use active transport to pump Na+ out of the filtrate in the ascending LOH for this reason.
Water re-absorption occurs the most in this portion of the kidney
In these portions of the nephron water is re-absorbed
ADH secretion from the ________, which is triggered by _________, and acts on the _______
Higher levels of ADH do this to the volume of urine
Alcohol does this to ADH secretion and as a result does this to urine volume
If blood pressure drops due to low Na+ levels this happens
Sodium retention occurs here in the nephron
Coffee is a diuretic because is does this
Finding glucose in the urine indicates this
This molecule is maximally filtered and reabsorbed
Urea is made by the ______ but excreted by the ______
How does the hypothalamus function in urine formation