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The 21 st Century Internet— The “Always-On” World

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  1. The 21st Century Internet—The “Always-On” World First Annual James E. Crouch Lecture San Diego State University San Diego, CA May 2, 2002 Dr. Larry Smarr Director, California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technologies Professor, Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering Jacobs School of Engineering, UCSD

  2. Abstract "After twenty years, the "S-curve" of building out the wired internet with hundreds of millions of PCs as its end points is flattening out, with corresponding lowering of the growth rates of the major suppliers of that global infrastructure. At the same time, several new "S-curves" are reaching their steep slope as ubiquitous computing begins to sweep the planet. First, the combination of wireless local area networks, the third generation of cellular phones, satellites, and the increasing use of the FCC unlicensed wireless band will cover the world with internet connectivity enabling both scientific research and emergency preparedness. This universal access to the Net will change our personal lives and enable a new generation of SensorNets to give us realtime feedback about our environment. Secondly, the resulting vast increase in internet data streams, augmented by the advent of mass market broadband to homes and businesses, will drive the backbone of the internet to an optical network of tremendous capacity. Finally, peer-to-peer computing and storage will increasingly provide a vast untapped capability to power this emergent planetary computer. I will describe how the newly formed Cal-(IT)2 Institute is organizing research in each of these areas, driven by real world challenges in earthquakes, global warming, pollution, and transportation congestion. We are building large scale "Laboratories for Living in the Future" into our community, several of which have SDSU performing a leadership role."

  3. "The 21st Century Internet—the 'Always-On' World" Crouch Lecture SDSU San Diego, CA May 2, 2002 Dr. Larry Smarr Director, California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technologies Professor, Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering Jacobs School of Engineering, UCSD

  4. The “Always On” Internet • Wireless Access--Anywhere, Anytime • Broadband Speeds • Cellular Connected with Wi-Fi • Billions of New Wireless Internet End Points • Information Appliances • Sensors and Actuators • Embedded Processors • Will Bring About a New Meaning to “Dual-Use” • Civilian • Scientific and Engineering Research • Commercial Business • Military • External Defense • Homeland Security

  5. California Has Initiated Four New Institutes for Science and Innovation UCSB UCLA UCI UCSD California Institute for Bioengineering, Biotechnology, and Quantitative Biomedical Research Center for Information Technology Research in the Interest of Society UCD UCM UCB UCSF California NanoSystems Institute UCSC California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology

  6. Cal-(IT)2 -- An Integrated Approach to Research on the Future of the Internet 220 UCSD & UCI Faculty Working in Multidisciplinary Teams With Students, Industry, and the Community SDSU is an Academic Partner

  7. Two New Cal-(IT)2 Buildings Approved by Legislature Last Week! Bioengineering • Will Create New Laboratory Facilities • Clean Rooms for Nanotech and BioMEMS • Computer Arts Virtual Reality • Wireless and Optical Networking • Interdisciplinary Teams UC Irvine UC San Diego

  8. The Internet Is Rapidly Becoming Mobile Subscribers (millions) 2,000 1,800 1,600 1,400 1,200 1,000 Mobile Internet 800 600 400 Fixed Internet 200 0 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Source: Ericsson

  9. Wireless Internet is Moving Throughout The Physical World • First US Taste of 3G Cellular Internet • UCSD Jacobs School Antenna • First Beta Test Site • Linking to 802.11 Mobile “Bubble” • Tested on CyberShuttle • Joint Project with Campus • From Railway to Campus at 65 mph! Rooftop Qualcomm 1xEV Access Point

  10. Experimenting with the Future -- Wireless Internet Video Cams & Robots Useful for Highway Accidents or Disasters Linked by 1xEV Cellular Internet Mobile Interactivity Avatar Computer Vision and Robotics Research Lab Mohan Trivedi, UCSD, Cal-(IT)2

  11. Using Students to Invent the FutureThe Teacher-Scholar Model of Discovery • Year- Long “Living Laboratory” Experiment 2001-02 • Computer Science & Engineering Undergraduates • 500+ Wireless-Enabled HP Pocket PCs at UC San Diego • 50 Compaq Pocket PCs at UC Irvine • Currently Using Wi-Fi (802.11) Wireless Internet • Experiments with Geo-location and Interactive Maps UC Irvine UC San Diego Cal-(IT)2 Team: Bill Griswold, Gabriele Wienhausen, UCSD; Rajesh Gupta, UCI

  12. ActiveCampus – Outdoor Map Source: Bill Griswold, UCSD

  13. ActiveClass: Asking a Question 1. Click in box 2. Type question 3. Click Submit Source: Bill Griswold, UCSD

  14. ActiveClass: Asking a Question Also Polls and Class Ratings Question is posted Others can vote on it • Used in CSE 12, Our 2nd Programming Course • 200 Students in Two Sections • Continuing This Term Source: Bill Griswold, UCSD

  15. How Will You Know if The Kids Are on the Internet? It connects to the audio piece and works like a tiny monitor that projects an image through the really cool bug-eye monocle into my eye. It has lots of ‘serious’ applications, but my favorite is to watch ‘Buffy’. My mom has already realized that when the video is on, the lenses become less transparent. That way she knows if I’m really paying attention to her or reading my email. She’s caught on quickly. projects/wearables/mit-ideo/

  16. Can Use of These Technologies Help Us Avoid the Downsides of Prolonged Growth? • Add Wireless Sensor Array • Build GIS Data • Focus on: • Pollution • Water Cycle • Earthquakes • Bridges • Traffic • Policy • Work with the Community to Adapt to Growth UCI Huntington Beach High Tech Coast UCSD Mission Bay San Diego Bay

  17. Using the FCC Unlicensed Bandto Create a High Speed Wireless Backbone • The High PerformanceWireless Research and Education Network • An SDSU & Cal-(IT)2Academic Partner • Enabling a Broad Set of Science Applications and Crisis Management • Allows for SensorNet Deployment to Remote Locations NSF Funded PI, Hans-Werner Braun, SDSC Co-PI, Frank Vernon, SIO 45mbps Duplex Backbone

  18. The SDSU Field Station ProgramProvides Critical Living Laboratories • Global Warming Impact • Land & Resource Management • Habitat Fragmentation • Water Quality and Quantity • Biodiversity Loss • Disruption of Fire Regimes • Invasion of Exotic Species

  19. Using the SDSU Santa Margarita Field Stationas a Rapid Prototyping SensorNet Testbed

  20. ROADnet—Bringing SensorNets to the Dirt Roads and the High Seas • High Bandwidth Wireless Internet • Linking Sensors for: • Seismology • Oceanography • Climate • Hydrology • Ecology • Geodesy • Real-Time Data Management • Joint Collaboration Between: • SIO / IGPP • UCSD • SDSC / HPWREN • SDSU • Cal-(IT)2 R/V Revelle in Lyttleton, NZ Santa Margarita Ecological Reserve

  21. As Our Bodies Move On-LineDigital Medicine Will Emerge • Internal Sensors—Israeli Video Pill • Battery, Light, & Video Camera • Images Stored on Hip Device • Next Step—Putting You On-Line! • Wireless Internet Transmission • Key Metabolic and Physical Sensors • Genomic Individualized Medicine • Combine • Genetic Code • Body Sensor Data Flows • Powerful AI Data Mining Techniques

  22. Data Organization and Mining Are at the Heart of the “Always-On” Internet Web Portal Customized to User Device Visualization Data Mining, Simulation Modeling, Analysis, Data Fusion Knowledge-Based Integration Advanced Query Processing Database Systems, Grid Storage, Filesystems High speed networking SensorNets—Real-Time Data Networked Storage (SAN) Storage hardware The SDSC/Cal-(IT)2Knowledge and Data Engineering Laboratory

  23. How Can we Deal with the Increasing Flood of Data? Scientific American, January 2001

  24. Decision Makers NeedCollaborative SensorNet Analysis Facilities • Driven by SensorNets Data • Real Time Seismic • Environmental Monitoring • Emergency Response • Distributed Corporations • Linked UCSD and SDSU • Dedication March 4, 2002 Linking Control Rooms UCSD SDSU Cox, Panoram, SAIC, SGI, IBM, TeraBurst Networks SD Telecom Council 44 Miles of Cox Fiber

  25. From Telephone Conference Calls to Access Grid International Video Meetings Creating a Virtual Global Research Lab Using IP Multicast Access Grid Lead-Argonne NSF STARTAP Lead-UIC’s Elec. Vis. Lab

  26. Internet Engineering a Future Homeland Security • Regional Network for Homeland Security • UCSD / SDSU / SD Collaboration • Meetings with SD County, Cal OES, SPAWAR, SAIC, et al • Cal-(IT)2 is Developing an Information Infrastructure • Early Warning SensorNets • Community Command System for Disaster Response • High Tech Coast Geographic Data System • Wireless Devices for First Responders

  27. Wireless Internet Information System for Medical Response in Disasters (WIISARD) Patient wireless device and system Responder wireless device and system Wireless bridging systems Location aware system Hospital system Command visualization system Disaster database Source: Dr. Leslie Lenert, UCSD SOM

  28. Emergency Response Scenario Transportation Assets With Mobile Internet Bubble Hospital #1 Hot Zone WMD attack site (Stadium) Compromised Transportation Corridor Prevailing wind Warm zone Triage Transport station Control Room GPS Tracking Field Treatment Station Mobile Bubbles Patient RF IDs First Responder PDAs Hospital #2 (on bypass) Source: Dr. Leslie Lenert, UCSD SOM

  29. University Research on Multi-Function Sensors • UCSD Cal-(IT)2 Wireless SensorNets Group • Pollution • Biomedical • Particulate • Magnetic • Systems Integration • Target Markets: • Pollution Monitoring • Monitoring Public Spaces • First Responders Handheld Nanosensor Device for Sarin Nerve Agent Developed for DARPA Micro Unattended Ground Sensors program Mike Sailor, UCSD Chemistry, Cal-(IT)2

  30. Reworking a Campus Education Communication System for Disaster Care “Sites” and“Buddies” DataStructures Adapted To “Patient List” And “Care Resources” “Campus Map”Adapted to Display Hot and WarmZones and the Locations of Patients. Active Disaster Care System “Instant Messaging” Adapted for AsynchronousProvider Communicationsto ICC or Other Providers “Digital Graffiti”Adapted to DisplayPatient Alerts

  31. Grid Computing is Becoming Mainstream

  32. The Global Grid Will Power a Mobile Internet

  33. Adding Brilliance to Mobile Clients with Internet Computing • Napster Meets Entropia • Distributed Computing and Storage Combined • Assume Ten Million PCs in Five Years • Average Speed Ten Gigaflop • Average Free Storage 100 GB • Planetary Computer Capacity • 100,000 TeraFLOP Speed • 1 Million TeraByte Storage • 1000 TeraFLOPs is Roughly a Human Brain-Second • Morovec-Intelligent Robots and Mind Transferral • Kurzweil-The Age of Spiritual Machines • Joy-Humans an Endangered Species? • Vinge-Singularity

  34. The Planetary Computing Power is Passing Through an Important Threshold 1 Million x • Will the Grid Become Self- • Organizing • Powered • Aware? Source: Hans Moravec

  35. Can Robots Tap the Powerof the Planetary Computer? • Sensors • Temperature • Distance • Speed • Accelerations • Pressure • IR • Vibration • Imaging • Linked to Internet by Wi-Fi Wireless Broadband • Completely Changes Robotics Architecture • Access to Nearly Infinite Computing, Storage, Software • Marriage of Net Software Agents to Physical Probes • Ad Hoc Teams of Interacting Intelligent Robots Sony’s AIBO and SDR-4X