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1984. CHAPTERs 1-4. Activity- pick partners and a topic Discuss a due date Discuss how were going to do the novel Movie. April 1984. We are introduced to Winston on a cold night as he is getting home from work.

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Activity- pick partners and a topic

Discuss a due date

Discuss how were going to do the novel



April 1984. We are introduced to Winston on a cold night as he is getting home from work.

The atmosphere is gloomy as he struggles to get up the stairs as his body is described as weak, thin and frail.

He climbs the staircase and is greeted by a BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU posted at every floor.


“ It was one of those pictures that were so contrived that the eyes follow you about when you move. BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU” (3).


Telescreen “ The instrument could be dimmed, but there was no way of shutting it off completely” (4).

“The patrols did not matter. Only the Thought Police Mattered” (4).

“You had to live – did live, from habit that became instinct – in the assumption that every sound you made was overheard, and, except in darkness, every movement was scrutinised” (5).


We learn that Winston is an insignificant official in the Party- it is his job to work at the Ministry of Truth to alter historical documents to suit and support the current government.

Airstrip One- England

Winston is constantly monitored. In his apartment is a telescreen which flashes propaganda but that he fears he’s constantly being watched from.


Winston thinks about the other Ministries that exist

The Ministry of Peace, which wages war;

The Ministry of Plenty, which plans economic shortages;

The Ministry of Love, the center of the Inner Party’s loathsome activities.


The prolesare so impoverished and insignificant that the Party does not consider them a threat to its power.


Winston remembers the moment before that day’s Two Minutes Hate, an assembly during which Party orators whip the populace into a frenzy of hatred against the enemies of Oceania.

Winston looks down and realizes that he has written “DOWN WITH BIG BROTHER” over and over again in his diary. He has committed thoughtcrime he knows that the Thought Police will seize him sooner or later. Just then, there is a knock at the door.


“ The Thought Police would get him just the same. He had committed – would still have committed, even if he had never set pen to paper- the essential crime that contained all others in itself.. Thought-crime was not a thing that could be concealed for ever. You might dodge successfully for awhile, even for years, but sooner or later they were bound to you” (21)


“ People simply disappeared, always during the night. Your name was removed from the registers, every record of every thing you had ever done was wiped out, your one time existence was denied and then forgotten” (21).


Orwell’s main goals in 1984:

depict the frightening techniques a totalitarian government

illustrate the extent of the control that government is able to exert.

Orwell offers a protagonist who has arrived at a dim idea of rebellion and freedom.


Orwell emphasizes the fact that, in the world of Airstrip One, freedom is a shocking and alien notion: simply writing in a diary—an act of self-expression—is a crime.


The novel opens on the day that Winston’s hatred finds an active expression—Winston’s instinct to rebel singles him out of the masses.


One of the most important themes of 1984 is governmental use of psychological manipulation and physical control as a means of maintaining its power.

This theme is present in Chapter I, as Winston’s grasping at freedom illustrates the terrifying extent to which citizens are not in control of their own minds.

Each day citizens are required to attend the Two Minutes Hate.

Independence and will are replaced by a fear of, and faith in the Party.


Independence and will are replaced by a fear of, and faith in, the Party; indeed, individual thought has become so alien the population accepts that the Party has made it a crime


war is peacefreedom is slaveryignorance is strength

The slogan of the Party – inscribed on the Ministry of Truth


The Party is able to maintain that “War Is Peace” because having a common enemy keeps the people of Oceania united.

“Freedom Is Slavery” because, according to the Party, the man who is independent is doomed to fail.

“Slavery Is Freedom,” because the man subjected to the collective will is free from danger and want.

“Ignorance Is Strength” because the inability of the people to recognize these contradictions cements the power of the authoritarian regime.


What kind of dreams do you have?

Do you have a common recurring dream?

What do you think these dreams mean?


Your mind is preoccupied with that topic- an exam, an important event, an interview etc.

Your brain is preparing you for how you will react in a certain situation. Defense mechanism.

Your insecurities take life.

Repressed feelings.


There is something completely genuine about dreams no matter how absurd they may seem.

They are genuine because our conscious mind isn’t manipulating our actions/ thoughts.

Using dreams in any form of literature or art is powerful because they are such an intense and confusing phenomenon that we all experience.


Using dreams gives the reader a true glance into what the character is feeling, repressing, or preoccupied with.

Dreams often reveal truth.

chapter 2
Chapter 2

At this point Winston opens the door to Mrs. Parsons. She needs his help with her plumbing so he goes to her apartment to take a look at it.

In Mrs. Parsons’s apartment, Winston is tormented by the intense Parsons children, who, being Junior Spies, accuse him of thoughtcrime.

The children are upset because their mother won’t let them go to a public hanging of some of the Party’s political enemies in the park that evening.


Returns back to his apartment.

Winston remembers a dream in which a man’s voice—O’Brien’s, he thinks—said to him, “We shall meet in the place where there is no darkness.”

Winston writes in his diary that his thoughtcrime makes him a dead man, then he hides the book.

chapter 3
Chapter 3

Winston dreams of being with his mother on a sinking ship.

He feels strangely responsible for his mother’s disappearance in a political purge almost twenty years ago.

He then dreams of a place called The Golden Country, where the dark-haired girl takes off her clothes and runs toward him in an act of freedom from the Party.


Memories of his past enter his mind only in dreams, which are the most secure channels for thoughts, feelings, and memories that must be suppressed in waking life.


Winston’s dreams are prophetic, foreshadowing future events.

Winston will be intimate with the dark-haired girl.

The phrase “the place where there is no darkness” recurs throughout the novel


An important aspect of the Party’s oppression of its subjects is the forced repression of sexual appetite.

Winston must confine his sexual desires to the realm of fantasy.

Like sex in general, the dark-haired girl is treated as an mystery in this section; she is someone whom Winston both desires and distrusts. (Nick to Offred)


A high-pitched whistle sounds from the telescreen. It is time for the Physical Jerks, a round of exercise.

physical jerks
Physical Jerks

Party forces its members to undergo mass morning exercises called the Physical Jerks, and then to work long, grueling days at government agencies, keeping people in a general state of exhaustion.


Anyone who does manage to defy the Party is punished and “reeducated” through systematic torture.

Winston comes to the conclusion that nothing is more powerful than physical pain—no emotional loyalty or moral conviction can overcome it. By conditioning the minds of their victims with physical torture, the Party is able to control reality, convincing its subjects that 2 + 2 = 5


Winston thinks about his childhood, which he barely remembers. Having no physical records such as photographs and documents makes one’s life lose its outline in one’s memory.


Winston considers Oceania’s relationship to the other countries in the world, Eurasia and Eastasia.

According to official history, Oceania has always been at war with Eurasia and in alliance with Eastasia, but Winston knows that the records have been changed.


Winston remembers that no one had heard of Big Brother, the leader of the Party, before 1960, but stories about him now appear in histories going back to the 1930s.


As Winston has these thoughts, a voice from the telescreen suddenly calls out his name, reprimanding him for not working hard enough at the Physical Jerks. Winston breaks out into a hot sweat and tries harder to touch his toes.


To the future or to the past, to a time when thought I free, when men are different from one another and do not live alone- to a time when truth exists and what is done cannot be undone:

From the age of uniformity, from the age of solitude, from the age of Big Brother – greetings

Page 30

Both protagonists were writing / recording dairies for someone unknown