The Moses Cycle – Exodus & Passover - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

yagil
the moses cycle exodus passover n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
The Moses Cycle – Exodus & Passover PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
The Moses Cycle – Exodus & Passover

play fullscreen
1 / 12
Download Presentation
The Moses Cycle – Exodus & Passover
204 Views
Download Presentation

The Moses Cycle – Exodus & Passover

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. Billings The Moses Cycle – Exodus & Passover

  2. Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. Billings Prayer of the WeekPsalm 51: Miserere • 10 You will let me hear gladness and joy; the bones you have crushed will rejoice. • 11 Turn away your face from my sins; blot out all my iniquities. • 12 A clean heart create for me, God; renew within me a steadfast spirit. • 13 Do not drive me from before your face, nor take from me your holy spirit. • 14 Restore to me the gladness of your salvation; uphold me with a willing spirit. • 15 I will teach the wicked your ways, that sinners may return to you.

  3. Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. Billings Prayer of the WeekPsalm 51: 16-21 16 Rescue me from death, God, my saving God, that my tongue may praise your healing power. 17 Lord, open my lips; and my mouth shall declare your praise. 18 For you do not desire sacrifice; a burnt offering you would not accept. 19 My sacrifice, a contrite spirit; a humbled, contrite heart you will not spurn. 20 Show favor to Zion in your goodness; rebuild the walls of Jerusalem. 21 Then you will be pleased with lawful sacrifice, holocausts offered on your altar.

  4. Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. Billings • How does God first identify himself at the burning bush? How does he later identify himself. What does he promise Moses and what does he ask of him? • Highlight Moses’ key reactions to God’s request, and the Lord’s replies. • List the ten plagues / Pharaoh’s replies. • What can it mean that God “hardens the heart” of Pharaoh?

  5. Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. Billings Exodus 3: the Name of God How does God first identify himself at the burning bush? What does he promise Moses and what does he ask of him? • God identifies Himself as “The God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, the God of Jacob” • Continuity with the covenant • He later identifies Himself as “I am who am.” • YHWH related to word “to be” (Christ uses this) • Moses “hides his face” • Reminds of Jacob at “Peniel” • Promises to bring them up out of their slavery in Egypt to the “promised land.” • His promise to Abraham is not in vain. • Asks Moses to deliver that news pharaoh.

  6. Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. Billings Exodus 3-4: Moses’ Response What is Moses’ (perhaps) surprising reaction to God’s request? Discuss their back-and forth on the request. • Moses tries to escape the job, deflects it, and refuses it. Ultimately, God has to send Aaron along with him (though Moses will eventually “step up”) • 3:11: Who am I? • I will be with you (it is not about you but about Me) • 3:13: Who are You? • I am (Hebrew – hyh; related to YHWH?; again elusive on name) • 4:1: What if they doubt it? • signs: staff, hand, water • 4:10: Not eloquent! • I give speech, will assist – God provides speech • 4:13: Send someone else! • have Aaron go with you (Lord becomes angry)

  7. Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. Billings Moses removing sandals Michiel van den Borch, 1332; illuminated manuscript

  8. Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. Billings The Ten Plagues (1-5) List the ten plagues / Pharaoh’s replies. • Plague of Blood (Ex. 7:14–25) • No concern, his magicians do the same “trick” • Plague of Frogs (Ex. 7:25–8:11) • Will allow; reneges; his magicians can do it • Plague of Lice/Gnats (Ex. 8:12–15) • Would not listen, though his magicians see “finger of God” • Plague of Flies (Ex. 8:20–32) • Go sacrifice in the land; then allows in wilderness; then reneges • Plague of Livestock Death(Pestilence) (Ex. 9:1–7) • Refuses, though Israelite livestock fine

  9. Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. Billings ` What can it mean that God “hardens the heart” of Pharaoh? (possible responses) • Weakest: That is the effect God has on Him, regardless of willing it or not; like when you say “you make me sick”; • Nothing is out of God’s control or happens against His will; • God must do this to fully manifest His power in convincing way: “to show you my power and make my name resound throughout the earth” (9:15); • God will manifest His justice, against Pharaoh’s attacks and injustice to Israel; • God’s plan is God’s, not necessarily ours, and we are not in the position to judge.

  10. Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. Billings The Ten Plagues (6-10) • Plague of Boils (Ex. 9:8–12) • Would not listen; even though magicians take a sick day… • Plague of Hail (Ex. 9:13–35) • Some people listen, some don’t; Goshen spared; “I have sinned”; but reneges when hail stops • Plague of Locusts (Ex. 10:1–20) • Pharaoh’s servants getting fed up; Pharaoh will allow them to go, but then asks - who will go? Will not allow kids; just men; so refuses • To stop: “I have sinned”; but again reneges • Plague of Darkness (Ex. 10:21–29) • Take the kids, not the animals; so refuses; doesn’t want to see Moses’ face again. • Death of the Firstborn (Ex. 11:1–12:36) (wikipedia) • 12:31-32: Take it all, and bless me (but then changes his mind)

  11. Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. Billings Commentary (Clarke) • 1. To the observations at the conclusion of the preceding chapter, we may add that at first view it seems exceedingly strange that, after all the proofs Pharaoh had of the power of God, he should have acted in the manner related in this and the preceding chapters, alternately sinning and repenting; but it is really a common case, and multitudes who condemn the conduct of this miserable Egyptian king, act in a similar manner. They relent when smarting under God's judgments, but harden their hearts when these judgments are removed. • Of this kind I have witnessed numerous cases. To such God says by his prophet, Why should ye be stricken any more? ye will revolt more and more. Reader, are not the vows of God upon thee? Often when afflicted in thyself or family hast thou not said like Pharaoh, Now therefore forgive, I pray thee, my sin only This Once, and take away from me this death Only? And yet when thou hadst respite, didst thou not harden thy heart, and with returning health and strength didst thou not return unto iniquity? And art thou not still in the broad road of transgression? • Be not deceived; God is not mocked; he warns thee, but he will not be mocked by thee. What thou sowest, that thou must reap. Think then what a most dreadful harvest thou mayest expect from the seeds of vice which thou hast already sown!

  12. Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. Billings The Moses Cycle – Exodus & Passover