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February Revolution: Recap. Causes of February Revolution. What are the basic Social, Political, Economic & in this case Military factors that contributed to the February Revolution? . Historiography. SOVIET VIEW The fall of Tsarism was part of inevitable change

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causes of february revolution
Causes of February Revolution

What are the basic Social, Political, Economic & in this case Military factors that contributed to the February Revolution?

historiography
Historiography

SOVIET VIEW

  • The fall of Tsarism was part of inevitable change
  • It would have happened with or without the war

N.B. Written during Soviet dictatorship, little access to archives though many were serious historians.

LIBERAL VIEW

  • Tsarism was vulnerable before war (long term factors)
  • War was just final straw
  • Bolsheviks not seen as hugely important

N.B. Relied on memoirs, no access to archives.

historiography1
Historiography

REVISIONISTS

  • Challenge traditional views
  • WWI made revolutionary feeling increasingly political
  • Feb was unorganised & chaotic

N.B. Revisionists argue amongst themselves

POST GLASNOST

  • Critical of Communism
  • More sympathetic to Nicholas II
  • Russian writers after the fall of Communism in 1990
  • Sometimes go over the top!
slide5
To what extent was the collapse of Tsarist autocracy by February 1917 due to social and economic, rather than military, factors?

Economic: Figes ‘Born in the bread queues’

Political: Smith ‘collapse of popular support in the govt.’

Social: Service, ‘Nicholas II…it was the general situation and not his personality that enfeebled the regime…’

Military: Acton, ‘…not the workers movement but the soldiers’ mutiny’

your argument
Your argument….

Focus: social & economic rather than military

SO…….

Because, because, because, because……

slide7
Figes agues that the February Revolution was ‘born in the bread queues’.
  • Explain what he means by this
  • EVIDENCE that economic problems were a cause of the Feb Rev. SOLID FACTS, NOT WAFFLE!
  • What does this evidence mean? In what way does it show that economic factors were a cause of Feb Rev?
  • However, does anyone disagree with Figes argument?
  • Why do they disagree?
  • Is there any evidence to suggest that economic factors were not the most important cause?
  • Explain why the evidence suggest that.
  • What does your essay believe/argue?
  • Why does your essay believe this?
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