The February Revolution. What were the causes, key events and results of the first revolution of 1917?. Long term causes of the February Revolution Pre 1917. World war 1 – Increased discontent amongst public and army because of heavy losses and various shortages.
What were the causes, key events and results of the first revolution of 1917?
World war 1 –
amongst public and army
because of heavy losses and various shortages.
The Tsar – poor decisions
and lack of leadership ability.
Criticised for taking command
of Armed Forces during WW1.
Rasputin and the
Tsarina – the power
the Tsar gave them was
criticised – Rasputin’s bad
reputation hurt the position
of the Tsar.
Long term causes
Problems with the Duma –
Issues of 1905 Revolution
Not fully resolved – Duma
Unhappy about being
ignored – Formation of
23 Feb – International Women’s Day – female demonstrators join those already protesting. Demands included an end to bread rationing, better wages and an end to the first world war.
25 Feb – A General strike
paralyses Petrograd – a wide range of opposition now showing their discontent. The police do little – in fact many have sympathy with the protestors.
The Tsar remains 400 miles from Petrograd – relies on his advisors and the Tsarina for information. Tells his General in Petrograd to end the problems quickly.18th to the 25th of February
27 Feb – Tsar dissolves the Duma.
12 Duma members refuse to be dismissed and form the Provisional Committee – open defiance to the Tsar – Kerensky calls for the Tsar to quit.
The Petrograd Soviet is set up.
The Provisional Committee and the Soviet form a Dual Authority and become a ‘de facto’ government.Real Revolution 26th February – 3rd March
The Tsar is advised by Rodzyanko to abdicate but instead he decided to return to Petrograd – as he hopes it will calm the situation. His train is intercepted by anti-Tsar protestors and he finally decides to abdicate.
2 March – Tsar Nicholas II officially abdicates in favour of his brother but his brother turns down the throne – The Romanov dynasty is over!!!
3 March – The Provisional Committee supported by the Petrograd Soviet announced to the world that a revolution had occurred and that the Tsar had abdicated. Russia was now to be ruled by the Dual Authority – Centuries of Tsarist rule were over!!!!!
Kerensky (centre in white)
A meeting at the Soviet