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Quiz #1 REVIEW Drawing. UNIT 1: Intro to Drawing. 3 Main Drawing Styles. Realistic. Stylized. Abstract. 3 Main Drawing Styles. Realistic - the drawing looks like the object Stylized - the drawing looks like the object, but is exaggerated somehow

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UNIT 1:

Intro to Drawing

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3 Main Drawing Styles

Realistic

Stylized

Abstract

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3 Main Drawing Styles

  • Realistic- the drawing looks like the object
  • Stylized- the drawing looks like the object, but is exaggerated somehow
  • Abstract- doesn’t depict a person, place, or thing
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Using Your Memory

An artist should not rely on his or her memory to draw something realistically!

To draw an object accurately, draw it from life or use a reference image

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7 Elements of Art

Definition: Tools used to create an artwork

TEXTURE

FORM

LINE

SHAPE

SPACE

VALUE

COLOR

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UNIT 2:

Contour Line Drawing

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Definition & 3 Elements of Art

  • ContourLine =
  • An outline that defines an object
  • Elements of Art:
  • Line-Defines the object’s shape, adds interior details; creates shape and space
  • Shape- 2D, or flat; geometric or organic (circle, square, triangle, etc.)
  • Space- Taken up by the subject (positive) or lack thereof (negative)
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Scale vs. Proportion

  • Scale-Refers to the size of an object
  • Proportion-Part of an object in relation to its whole
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Drawing Symmetrical Objects

Begin by drawing an axis of symmetry line

Next, draw circles or ellipses to break up the object’s planes

Lastly, use contour lines to establish the shape of the object

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Drawing Organic Objects with Basic Shapes

Use this technique to maintain scale and proportion

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Drawing Rectangular Prisms (Boxes)

Check the angles of each part of the box with your pencil (close one eye, and hold pencil in the air)

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Drawing Multiple Objects

  • Use reference lines and measuring with pencil to compare scale and proportion of objects
  • What are reference lines?
  • Reference lines made between
  • objects to determine correct
  • scale, proportions, height,
  • spacing, etc. of multiple objects
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Sketching Media

  • Pencils-
  • H pencils are preferable because they sketch lighter, and may be easier to erase (HB, 2H, or 4H)
  • Charcoal-
  • Vine charcoal is easiest to erase
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UNIT 3:

Grayscale Rendering

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Definition & 3 Elements of Art

  • Rendering = the process of creating, shading, and texturing an image, especially a realistic one
  • Elements of Art:
  • Value-Degree of light and dark on a scale (tints, midtones, shades)
  • Form-3D version of Shape; has dimension (spheres, cylinders, cones, etc.)
  • Texture- The way something feels when it’s touched (visual texture)
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Terminology- Value Scale & Contrast

  • Value Scale- Shows the range of available values
    • Tints = lightest values
    • Midtones = medium values
    • Shades = darkest values
  • Value Contrast- The difference between light and dark areas. The more contrast, the better the drawing

MIDTONES

SHADES

TINTS

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Terminology- Value Application

  • Transitional Value Change- Gradual; usually happens when an object’s form is rounded
  • Abrupt Value Change-
  • More sudden (i.e. From a 1 to a 5); happens to planar and reflective objects
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Rendering Techniques

  • Shading- Applying value to a drawing in even strokes
  • Hatching- Creating value with lines
    • Crosshatching =Two sets of perpendicular
  • Stippling- Applying value to a drawing with small dots

SHADING HATCHING STIPPLING

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Medium: Drawing Pencils

6B

2B

HB

2H

4H

  • Made of graphite and wood
  • Darkest to Lightest (Softest to hardest): 6B 4H
  • No finger-smudging! Can use a blending stick instead
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Medium: Charcoal

  • Compressed = Darker
  • Vine = Lighter
  • Techniques: Reduction of value with kneaded eraser, blending (with tortillion, finger, cotton swab, etc.)
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UNIT 4:

Color Rendering

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Definition and Element of Art

  • Element of Art:
  • Color-The degree to which an object reflects or emits light

Tertiary Colors-

In between the main 6 colors.

Examples: Red-orange, blue-green, yellow-green, red-violet

Neutral Colors

Black, white, gray, brown

terminology the color wheel
Primary colors –

RED, YELLOW,BLUE

Secondary colors-

GREEN, ORANGE,VIOLET

Tertiary colors-

yellow-orange, red-violet,green-blue, etc.

Terminology- The Color Wheel
terminology neutrals
Terminology- Neutrals
  • WHITE: When all light waves are reflected away from a surface, it appears white.
  • BLACK: When all light waves are absorbed by a surface, it appears black.
  • GRAY: The neutral tints and shades between white and black

Neutral Colors

Black, white, gray, brown

color terminology hue
Color Terminology: HUE
  • It’s just a fancy word for color!
  • “Hue” defines pure color in terms such as Red, Green, Blue-Violet, Yellow-Orange
terminology tints shades
Terminology-TINTS &SHADES
  • TINT: A lighter version of a hue
    • Add white!
  • SHADE: A darker version of a hue
    • Add black!

TINTS

SHADES

terminology t o n e
Terminology-TONE
  • Adding gray to a pure hue
terminology brightness intensity
Terminology-BRIGHTNESS / INTENSITY
  • The strength or weakness of a color
  • Some colors are bright/vibrant/intense, and some are more dull/subdued

BRIGHT

SUBDUED

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Techniques- Layering & Blending

  • Layering- gradually building up color
  • Blending- Mixing colors together
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Medium- Colored Pencils

  • Made of tubes of wood with an inner core of clay. Instead of graphite, a dye coloring agent is used.
  • Meant to be layered
  • Create a waxy appearance
  • Good for fine detail
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Medium- Chalk Pastels

  • Made of pure compressed powder pigment and a binder (gum arabic)
  • Dusty, chalky appearance. Easily blended with fingers. Layered and blended more easily than colored pencils