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COMPLIANCE 101 Module One. Module 1: WECC History & Roles. WECC Profile.

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Module One

wecc profile
WECC Profile

The Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) is a non-profit corporation that exists to assure a reliable bulk electric system in the geographic area of the Western Interconnection. This area includes all or parts of the 14 western United States, two Canadian provinces, and the northern portion of Baja California, Mexico.

wecc history
WECC History
  • Incorporated in 2002
  • Predecessor, WSCC formed in 1967
  • Largest geographic area of the eight Regional Entities
    • Entire Western Interconnection (1.8 million square miles) - includes all or part of 14 U.S. states, 2 Canadian provinces and a portion of Baja California Norte, Mexico
  • Non-Governmental
  • Industry participants join together to promote system reliability
  • Member-driven (346 members divided into 7 membership classes)
wecc coverage service area
WECC Coverage Service Area

1.8 million square miles

126,285 miles of transmission

Population of 78 million

wecc organization
WECC Organization
  • Members
    • 326
      • Grid owners, operators, users
      • Stakeholders
      • State and Provincial
  • Board of Directors
    • 32 members
    • Committees
      • Board
      • Member
wecc services
WECC Services
  • Reliability coordination
    • Operate two Reliability Coordination Offices (Vancouver Wa. and Loveland Co.) that provide situational awareness and real-time supervision of the entire Western Interconnection
wecc services1
  • Transmission expansion planning
    • Management of a comprehensive planning database
    • Provide coordination of sub-regional planning processes
    • Analyses and modeling
  • Studies
    • Model the system and perform studies under a variety of scenarios to set operating policies and limits
  • Market-operations interface
    • Ensure that competitive power markets do not negatively impact reliability
wecc services2
WECC Services
  • Loads and Resources Assessments
    • Perform annual assessment of 10-year loads and resources
    • Maintain 10-year coordinated plan of system growth
    • Provide information to NERC for summer and winter assessments of the reliability and adequacy of the bulk-power system
  • Operator training
    • Provide training sessions for operators, schedulers and dispatchers
    • Hosts the Western Renewable Energy Generation Information System, which creates and tracks renewable energy certificates
mandatory reliability regulation
Mandatory Reliability Regulation
  • Northeast Blackout of 2003
    • 10 Million people in Ontario, Canada
    • 45 million people in eight U.S. states
task force report
Task Force Report
  • Final report of the U.S.-Canada Power System Outage Task Force on the 2003 blackout concluded:

the single most important recommendation for preventing future blackouts, and reducing the scope of those that occur, is for the U.S. government to make reliability standards mandatory and enforceable.

congressional action
Congressional Action

On August 8, 2005, the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct 2005) was signed into law. Section 1211 of EPAct 2005 amended the Federal Power Act (FPA) to include a new section designated as Section 215 of the FPA. Section 215 directed FERC to certify an Electric Reliability Organization (ERO) and develop procedures for establishing, approving and enforcing electric reliability standards.

authority for compliance monitoring
Authority for Compliance Monitoring

●Energy Policy Act of 2005

●Section 215 of the Federal Power Act

●Implementing Rule 18 CFR 39 (Order 672)

  • Responsibility and oversight assigned to FERC
  • FERC designated NERC as Electric Reliability Organization
  • NERC has delegation agreement with WECC and seven other regions
order 693 order 706 standards
Order 693 & Order 706 Standards
  • Order 693 (Operations and Planning) includes:
    • Resource and Demand Balancing (BAL)
    • Emergency Preparedness & Operations (EOP)
    • Facilities Design, Connection & Mtnce. (FAC)
    • Protection and Control (PRC)
  • Order 706 (CIP) includes:
    • Critical Cyber Asset Identification
    • Personnel & Training
    • Electronic Security Perimeters
  • Registered Functions determine applicable standards
wecc compliance
WECC Compliance
  • Registers Entities
    • Register users, owners, operators according to function
  • Monitors Compliancewith Standards
    • Monitor compliance by users, owners and operators of the bulk power system in the United States
  • Enforces Compliance
    • Violation mitigation and settlement negotiation
    • Representation of WECC in any hearing or appeal process
  • Administration
    • Audit coordination
    • Reporting systems
compliance activities
Compliance Activities
  • Onsite Audit
  • Offsite Audit
  • Self Reports
  • Self Certifications
  • Spot Checks
  • Compliance Violation Investigations
  • Complaints

New Possible Violation

  • Due process
  • Enforcement Steps
    • Notice of Alleged Violation and Penalty or Sanction
    • Registered Entity Response
    • Request for Settlement or Hearing
    • NERC Approval
    • FERC Approval
  • Compliance User Groups/ Critical Infrastructure Compliance User Groups
  • Open WebEX - Monthly
  • Targeted Training
    • CIP 101
    • WebCDMS and EFT
    • E-learning Modules
reference documents
Reference Documents
  • Compliance Monitoring and Enforcement Program (CMEP) & WECC’s annual plan
  • Delegation Agreement
  • Rules of Procedure
  • NERC Standards and WECC Regional Standards
  • NERC Guidance, Bulletins, Directives and Compliance Application Notices (CANs)
  • FERC Orders
Constance B. White

Vice President of Compliance