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Cocaine - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Cocaine. Jim Bradley. Some Popular Street Names. COCAINE. Crack Cocaine. All-American drug Aunt Nora Barbs Blow Coke Dream Foo-foo dust Her King’s habit Peruvian lady Snow Tardust Witch Zip. Crack Rock Freebase Cookie Candy Hotcakes Dice Gravel. Chemical Name.

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Jim Bradley

some popular street names
Some Popular Street Names


Crack Cocaine

  • All-American drug
  • Aunt Nora
  • Barbs
  • Blow
  • Coke
  • Dream
  • Foo-foo dust
  • Her
  • King’s habit
  • Peruvian lady
  • Snow
  • Tardust
  • Witch
  • Zip
  • Crack
  • Rock
  • Freebase
  • Cookie
  • Candy
  • Hotcakes
  • Dice
  • Gravel
chemical name
Chemical Name


Crack cocaine

  • benzoylmethyl ecgonine (C17H21NO4)
  • 2-beta-carbomethoxyl-3-beta-benoxytropane
action of the drug
Action of the Drug

Modifies the action of dopamine in the brain

Binds to dopamine re uptake

This binging interrupts the removal of access dopamine

Extra dopamine causes the euphoria or “high” feeling

  • Pure cocaine is extracted from the Coca plant (Erythroxylon).
  • Consumed coca leaf for a boost of energy, relieve fatigue, and lessen hunger.
    • Dates back to 3000 B.C.
  • Coca leaves were also used in teas and even the soda, Coca Cola
  • Cocaine’s popularity increased in the 1880s and 1890s and became a health problem.
  • Harrison Narcotic Act of 1914 was passed to prohibit the importation of cocaine and coca leaves, with the exception of pharmaceutical uses.
medical use
Medical Use
  • Professionals use to temporarily numb the lining mouth, nose, and throat.
  • Anesthetic that quickly numbs the area 1-2 minutes after applying.
  • Causes the blood vessels to arrow
    • Decrease swelling and bleeding during and after procedure.
schedule rating
Schedule Rating
  • Schedule II drug
  • Drugs with a high abuse risk, but also have safe and accepted medical uses in the United States.
    • These drugs can cause severe psychological or physical dependence.
  • Some other types of Schedule II drugs
    • Amphetamine
    • Methadone
    • Methamphetamine
    • Morphine
    • Opium poppy
    • Oxycodone
physiological effects
Physiological Effects

Effects are almost immediately felt after one dose.

One might experience euphoric, energetic, talkative, and mentally alert.

Sensations of sight, sound, and touch become most evident.

Decrease the need for food and sleep.

The faster the absorption, the more intense the high.

The faster the absorption, the shorter the duration of action.

May last 15 to 30 minutes.

Feels like a sudden burst of energy and then the feeling of “crashing”.

psychological effects
Psychological Effects
  • Users may become…
    • Anxious or paranoid
    • Mood swings
    • Aggression
    • Panic Attacks
    • Psychosis
    • Hallucinations
    • Depression
    • Users also may interrupt close relationships when they become dependent.
      • Cocaine is #1.