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Cocaine. Drug Category : Stimulant. History. Cocaine was first synthesized in 1855. It was not until 1880, however, that its effects were recognized by the medical world. . History Cont.

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cocaine
Cocaine

Drug Category : Stimulant

history
History

Cocaine was first synthesized in 1855. It was not until 1880, however, that its effects were recognized by the medical world.

history cont
History Cont.

Derived from the coca plant in the Mountains of South America the leaves contain the stimulant used to make cocaine.

coca cola
Coca-Cola

Cocaine got a marketing boost in acceptance when John Pemberton included cocaine as the main ingredient in his new soft drink, Coca-Cola.

street names for cocaine
Street Names for Cocaine

Cocaine

All-American drug, Aunt Nora, Barbs, Blow, Coke, Dream,

Crack Cocaine

Beam, Bopper, Candy, CDs, Electric kool-aid, Girl, Mighty white, Pop, Real tops, Rock, Sevenup, Space, Twinkie and Yam.

what is cocaine
What is Cocaine
  • Cocaine is a powerful nervous system stimulant. Its effects can last from 15–30 minutes to an hour, depending upon the method of use.
  • Cocaine increases alertness, feelings of well-being and euphoria, energy and motor activity, feelings of competence and sexuality.
methods of use
Methods of Use

Snorting

is the most common method of abusing cocaine powder.

This is usually done by ‘racking’ it up into "bumps", "lines" or "rails" of very fine particles.

After the lines are done then a funnel is used to sniff the cocaine through the nose

other methods of use
Other Methods of Use

Smoking

Intravenous/ Injection

crack cocaine
Crack Cocaine

Crack is a lower purity form of free-base cocaine that is usually produced by mixing cocaine with a solution of baking soda (sodium bicarbonate, NaHCO3) and water, producing a very hard/brittle, off-white-to-brown colored, amorphous material .

short term effects
Short Term Effects
  • Increased blood pressure and heart rate
  • Constricted peripheral blood vessels
  • Increased rate of breathing
  • Dilated pupils
  • Hyper-stimulation
  • Intense euphoria
  • Decreased appetite
  • Anxiety and paranoia
  • Aggressive, paranoid behavior
  • Depression
  • Intense drug craving
  • Sudden death - even one use can cause overdose or death
crack coke bugs
Crack/Coke Bugs

Tactile hallucination after using cocaine that creates the illusion of bugs burrowing under the skin

long term effects
Long Term Effects
  • Severe depression
  • Irritability and mood disturbances
  • Aggressive, paranoid behavior
  • Delirium or psychosis
  • Tolerance and addiction, even after just one use
  • Auditory and tactile hallucinations
  • Heart attack and heart disease
  • Stroke
  • Respiratory failure
  • Brain seizures
  • Sexual dysfunction (for both men and women)
  • Reproductive damage and infertility (for both men and women)
  • Increased frequency of risky behavior
  • Death
withdrawal
Withdrawal

Someone who has formed and addiction will likely experience some withdrawal symptoms when they quit, but withdrawal can also occur after heavy use.