babesia n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Babesia PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Babesia

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 13

Babesia - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 1066 Views
  • Uploaded on

Babesia. There are >100 species of this intracellular parasite. The disease caused by Babesia known as Babesiosis The disease distribute all over the world where there is tick available. Babesia microti is the predominant human pathogen, endemic to the NE and Midwest.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Babesia' - xia


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
babesia
Babesia
  • There are >100 species of this intracellular parasite.
  • The disease caused by Babesia known as Babesiosis
  • The disease distribute all over the world where there is tick available.
  • Babesia microti is the predominant human pathogen, endemic to the NE and Midwest.
  • Natural parasite reservoir is rodents
  • Its common among dogs, cattle , goats, sheep, horses and rodents
  • Human infect during cattle (B. bovis) rodent (B. microti)
  • Carried by the hard-bodied Ixodes tick.
  • more severe in patients who are immunosuppressed, splenectomized, and/or elderly
slide2
There are 17species that infect domestic & wild animals all over the world, in Iraq there are 4 species that infect domestic animal and they are as follows:

B. bigeminaCattel

B. motasiSheep

B. equiHorses

B. CaballiHorses

The parasites reproduce by binary fission inside the R.B.Cs, after transmission with the tick saliva.

slide3

Transmission

  • Transpalcental
  • Tick bite
  • Transfusion of infected blood
slide5
Numerous erythrocytes are infected with the predominantly ring or pear-shaped form of Babesia microti.
  • Pleomorphic rings with 1-3 chromotin dots per parasite.
  • 3 dots is unique for Babesia.
high power
Ring shaped trophozites

The intraerythrocytic trophozoites multiply by binary fission or schizogony, forming two to four separate merozoites. .

White eccentric “food vacuole” in a ring form.

Very transient stage in Malaria. Very rarely seen.

High Power
the famous maltese cross
The Famous Maltese Cross
  • Presence of 4 daughter merozoites in a tetrad is pathomnemonic.
  • However, rarely seen.
  • Never seen in malaria.
multiply infected rbcs
Multiply Infected RBCs
  • RBCs can be infected with multiple organisms at the same time. Up to 12 parasites may infect a single RBC.
  • Plasmodium has up to 3 parasites/RBC.
other sightings
Other Sightings
  • Syncytium of extracellular parasites
  • more common in Babesia infections
babesiosis
Babesiosis
  • Babesiosis (piroplasmosis) is a hemolytic disease similar to malaria but without an exoerythrocytic cycle.
  • Disease caused by B. divergens can be severe, even fatal, in splenectomized and debilitated patients (Most patients are older than 50 years of age).
  • B. microti causes a self-limiting febrile disease characterized by fatigue and anorexia.
clinical symptoms
Clinical Symptoms
  • Ranges from asymptomatic infection to fatal illness (rare)
  • More severe infection tends to occur in immunnocompromised, elderly, and the very young.
  • The extreme end of the spectrum is often described as a malaria-like infection; symptoms may include

Fever, sweating, chills, headache, anemia, jaundice, malaise, haemoglobinuria & Weakness.

diagnosis
Diagnosis
  • Diagnosis is based on clinical suspicion and history of exposure.
  • Thick and thin smears remain most clinically used
  • However, it is necessary to examine 200 to 300 oil immersion fields before declaring a specimen negative.
  • Various PCR detection assays are available for detection of B microtic and other species.
  • More sensitive but also more time consuming and expensive.
  • Indirect fluorescent antibody test can also be used as a confirmatory test.
slide13
Control and prevention
  • One should avoid tick exposure and, if bitten, remove the tick from the skin immediately.
  • Treatment of infected animals with available drugs .
  • Use of the Acaricides regularly & periodically in the endemic area.