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Motivating Operations, Rule Setting, and Stimulus Control. Thank you again, Sharon Reeve!. Review Stimulus Control Discuss the Effects of Motivating Operations Define the different types of Motivating Operations Differentiate between stimulus control and motivating operations. Quiz

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Presentation Transcript
what will be do today
Review Stimulus Control

Discuss the Effects of Motivating Operations

Define the different types of Motivating Operations

Differentiate between stimulus control and motivating operations

Quiz

FBA Project

In future classrooms

What will be do today?
stimulus control
Stimulus Control

Discriminative Stimulus (SD)

A stimulus in the presence of which a response has been reinforced

And in the absence of which a response has not been reinforced

S-delta (SΔ)

A stimulus in the presence of which a response has not been reinforced

4

motivating operations
Motivating Operations
  • “An environmental variable that (a) alters (increases or decreases) the reinforcing effectiveness of some stimulus, object, or event, and (b) alters (increases or decreases) the current frequency of all behavior that have been reinforced by that stimulus, object or event” (Cooper, Heron & Heward, 2007, p. 699)
2 types of mos reeve
Establishing Operation

Increases the reinforcing effectiveness of a consequence

Increases the current frequency of the behavior

Abolishing Operation

Decreases the reinforcing effectiveness of a consequence

Decreases the current frequency of the behavior

2 Types of MOs (Reeve)

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mo vs sd reeve
MO vs. SD (Reeve)

How are they similar?

They both precede behavior

They both evoke operant behavior (but for very different reasons)

How do they differ?

SDs have to do with the availability of a reinforcer (has the reinforcer been delivered in the presence of that object in the past?)

MOs have to do with the effectiveness of a reinforcer (Is the “reinforcer” reinforcing at that moment in time?)

Great. How does this apply to me????

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stimulus control availability of the reinforcer reeve
Stimulus Control: Availability of the Reinforcer (Reeve)

MO:

Good sleep the night before, breakfast

SD:

“Who can count to 10 for me?”

Response:

Correct Answer

SR+:

Yes! Well done!

MO:

No sleep, no money for breakfast

SΔ:

“Who can count to 10 for me?”

Response:

Incorrect Answer

Extinction:

Let’s try someone else.

MO:

Parent fight the night before

SD:

Teacher suggests an easier task

Response:

Student does the easier task

SR-:

Avoids a difficult task

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references
References

Cooper, J. O., Heron, T. E., & Heward, W. L. (2007). Applied behavior analysis (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Merrill Prentice Hall.

Michael, J. (1982). Distinguishing between discriminative and motivational functions of stimuli. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 37, 149-155.

Michael, J. (1988). Establishing operations and the mand. The Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 6, 3-9.

Michael, J. (1993). Establishing operations. The Behavior Analyst, 16, 191-206.

Michael, J. (2000). Implications and refinements of the establishing operation concept. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 33, 401-410.

Skinner, B. F. (1938). Behavior of organisms. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.

Skinner, B. F. (1953). Science and human behavior. New York: MacMillan.

Sundberg, M. L. (2004). A behavioral analysis of motivation and its relation to mand training. In L. W. Williams (ed.). Developmental disabilities: Etiology, assessment, intervention, and integration pp . Reno NV: Context Press.

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