Immigration industry unit 3 vocabulary
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Immigration & Industry Unit 3 Vocabulary. assembly line. An arrangement of workers, machines, and equipment in which the product being assembled passes consecutively from operation to operation until completed. consumer. one that acquires goods or services for direct use or ownership .

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Immigration industry unit 3 vocabulary

Immigration & IndustryUnit 3 Vocabulary

Assembly line
assembly line

  • An arrangement of workers, machines, and equipment in which the product being assembled passes consecutively from operation to operation until completed


  • one that acquires goods or services for direct use or ownership


  • things made by human or mechanical effort or by a natural process


  • To develop manufacturing businesses in (a country or society, for example)

Manufactured goods
manufactured goods

  • Raw materials made into finished products, especially by means of a large-scale industrial operation.

Mass production
mass production

  • the production of large quantities of a standardized item (often using an assembly line)

Raw materials
raw materials

  • unprocessed natural products used in manufacture, such as coal or iron ore


  • The application of science, especially to industrial or commercial purposes


  • emitting visible light as a result of being heated


  • The act or process of creating a new device, method, or process

  • developed from study and experimentation


  • To equip with machines


  • A communications system that transmits and receives simple electric impulses, usually by wires

Samuel morse
Samuel Morse

  • United States portrait painter who patented the telegraph and developed the Morse code (1791-1872)


  • Relating to or concerning the land and its ownership, cultivation, and tenure


  • A person who starts a business

Free enterprise
free enterprise

  • the freedom of private businesses to compete for profit with little government regulation

Labor unions
labor unions

  • an organization of employees formed to bargain with the employer


  • A situation in which a single company owns all or nearly all of the market for a given type of product or service


  • the act or practice of oppressing or harassing people based on factors such as race, religion, or gender

Pull factors
pull factors

  • Reasons that immigrants want to move to a new country – why they are being “pulled away” to a new place to live

Push factors
push factors

  • Reasons that immigrants want to leave their country of origin – why they are being “pushed away”


  • The process whereby a minority group gradually adopts the customs and attitudes of the prevailing culture


  • An negative judgment or opinion formed beforehand or without knowledge or examination of the facts


  • An underground organization engaged in a struggle for national liberation in a country under military or totalitarian occupation


  • The policy or practice of separating people of different races, classes, or ethnic groups


  • recognizing and respecting the beliefs or practices of others


  • The process of becoming more like a city in nature or character


  • A rundown, low-rental apartment building whose facilities and maintenance barely meet minimum standards

Andrew carnegie
Andrew Carnegie

  • United States industrialist and philanthropist who endowed education and public libraries and research trusts (1835-1919)

Henry ford
Henry Ford

  • United States manufacturer of automobiles who pioneered mass production (1863-1947)

Wright brothers
Wright Brothers

  • Orville and Wilbur - United States aviation pioneers who invented the airplane (1871-1948)

Alexander graham bell
Alexander Graham Bell

  • United States inventor (born in Scotland) of the telephone (1847-1922)

Thomas edison
Thomas Edison

  • United States inventor; inventions included the phonograph and incandescent electric light and the microphone and the Kinetoscope (1847-1931)

John d rockefeller
John D. Rockefeller

  • United States industrialist who made a fortune in the oil business and gave half of it away (1839-1937)


  • People associated with the Roman Catholic Church


  • A member of a Western Christian church whose faith and practice are founded on the principles of the Reformation

Old immigrants
“old” immigrants

  • Immigrants who came to America in the first wave of immigration, mostly from Northern and Western Europe

New immigrants
“new” immigrants

  • Immigrants who came to America in the second wave of immigration, mostly from Eastern and Southern Europe

Native born
native born

  • People born in the country where they live

Kitty hawk nc
Kitty Hawk, NC

  • City that became famous after the Wright brothers of Dayton, Ohio, made the first controlled powered airplane flights there

  • The flights were at Kill Devil Hills, south of the town, on December 17, 1903.

Menlo park nj
Menlo Park, NJ

  • Community in New Jersey where Thomas Edison had a home and research laboratory

  • While there, he invented the light bulb and earned the nickname “The Wizard of Menlo Park.”

This replica of Edison’s lab was built by his friend, Henry Ford, in the Henry Ford museum in Michigan.

Cleveland oh
Cleveland, OH

  • Important city that provided access to the Great Lakes, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Gulf of Mexico via rivers, seaways, and the Erie Canal.

  • Growth continued with added railroad links.

Pittsburgh pa
Pittsburgh, PA

  • Legendary for its steel industries, this city also led innovations and industries in aluminum, glass, shipbuilding, petroleum, foods, appliances, sports, transport, computing, retail, autos and electronics

Angel island ca
Angel Island, CA

  • An island near San Francisco, California, where mostly Asian immigrants went through an Immigration Station

  • Angel Island is now a museum.

Anglo saxon countries
Anglo Saxon countries

  • Five English-speaking countries that have a common socio-political heritage: Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States -


  • Unless otherwise noted, definitions and photographs are paraphrased or sourced directly from: