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Paddock Layout and Design. Before Building Fence. Guideline #1: Flexibility. Before Building Fence. Guideline #1: Flexibility Guideline #2: Walk pastures and use maps. Before Building Fence. Guideline #1: Flexibility Guideline #2: Walk pastures and use maps

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Presentation Transcript
slide2

Before Building Fence

Guideline #1: Flexibility

slide4

Before Building Fence

Guideline #1: Flexibility

Guideline #2: Walk pastures

and use maps

slide5

Before Building Fence

Guideline #1: Flexibility

Guideline #2: Walk pastures

and use maps

Guideline #3: Have at least 11 paddocks

paddock layout design
Paddock Layout Design

Fixed or Flexible

slide9

Before Building Fence

Guideline #4: Use a psychological barrier

Perimeter:Good perimeter fence

Internal: Low cost electric

Train: Stocker cattle

slide11

Before Building Fence

Guideline #4: Use a psychological barrier

Perimeter: Good perimeter fence

Internal: Low cost electric

Train: Stocker cattle

Guideline #5: Similar paddock production,

not size

uniform production is key
Uniform Production is Key!
  • Each Paddock in the System should contain enough land to produce Approximately the same forage DM (Dry Matter)
    • varying soil types
    • paddock size
    • productive capabilities
    • forage species
slide14

Before Building Fence

Guideline #6: Fence with the contour

of the land

slide16

Before Building Fence

Guideline #6: Fence with the contour

of the land

Guideline #7: Walkways on higher,

drier soils

slide18

Before Building Fence

Guideline #8: Limit access to streams

slide20

Before Building Fence

Guideline #8: Limit access to streams

Guideline #9: Plan now for water supply

slide22

Before Building Fence

Guideline #8: Limit access to streams

Guideline #9: Plan now for water supply

Guideline #10: Plan for access to

emergency areas for drought, floods

and mud

number of paddocks in system
Number of Paddocks in System
  • As the # of Paddocks increases the level of Management also increase!
  • The length of Grazing period should be…SHORT
  • Move Livestock Before Grazed Plants Regrow
    • Vary by season
        • 2 - 3 days -- Spring
        • 4 - 5 days -- Summer
paddock size vs grazing pressure livestock weight
Paddock Size VS. Grazing pressure(livestock # & weight)
  • # of Paddocks is determined by Grazing pressure…Which will affect Paddock Size
  • Small enough to be Grazed Before Regrowth
  • No Ideal number…11 often used in 3 day systems giving 30 days of Rest (works well for legumes)
paddock layout
Paddock Layout
  • Square Paddocks -- as near as possible
    • uniform grazing
    • lower fence cost/acre
  • Wagon wheel designs are the Poorest
    • poor utilization
    • poor manure distribution
    • Increased fencing cost
how many paddocks are needed
How Many Paddocks Are Needed
  • No. of paddocks = Days rest + 1

Days grazing

  • 15 day rest/ 3 days grazing = 6 paddocks
  • 15 day rest/ 5 days grazing = 4 paddocks
  • 30 day rest/ 3 days grazing = 11 paddocks
  • 44 day rest/4 days grazing = 12 paddocks
slide28

What You Need to Know:

1) Amount of feed animal needs from pasture =

[(A X B) - C] X D

A = Total body weight of all animals

B = DM requirements per day

Beef & Sheep - 2.5% - 3% of body weight

Dairy - 3.5% - 4% of body weight

C = Supplemental feeds (silage, hay, grain)

D = Length of grazing period

slide29

What You Need to Know:

2) Available forage from the pasture =

[(D - E) X F] X G

D = Forage height in paddock

E = Remaining stubble

F = DM yield per acre

Range - 100 - 500 pounds of

DM per inch of growth per acre

G = Utilization rate (75% - 90%)

slide30

Beef Example:

[(37,500# X 3%) - 0] X 1day =

1,125 pounds of dry matter (DM) needed

A = 30 beef cows @ 1250 pounds each =

37,500 pounds of body weight

B = DM requirement/day 3%

C = 0 = No supplemental feed

D = 1 = One day paddock

slide31

Beef Example (cont.):

[(8” - 3”) X 300#] X 75% =

1,125 # available DM

D = Pasture at 8” tall

E = 3” remaining stubble

F = 300# DM

G = Utilization rate 75% (25% wastage)

slide32

Beef Example (cont.):

Therefore, 1 acre with 1,125# of available DM

will supply the DM requirements of the 30 cows

for one day.

slide33

Dairy Example:

[(135,000# X 4%) - 1800#] X 0.5 days =

1,800# dry matter (DM) needed for 1/2 day paddock

A = 100 dairy cows @ 1350# each =

135,000 pounds of body weight

B = DM requirement/day 4%

C = 1800# grain mix

D = 0.5 = One half day per paddock

slide34

Dairy Example (cont.):

[(8” - 3”) X 300#] X 85% =

1,275 # available DM

D = Pasture at 8” tall

E = 3” remaining stubble

F = 300# DM

G = Utilization rate 85% (15% wastage)

slide35

Dairy Example (cont.):

Therefore, approximately 1.5 acres with 1,275#

of available DM will supply the forage requirements

of the 100 dairy cattle for half a day.

slide36

Sheep Example:

[(37,500# X 3%) - 0#] X 1 day =

1,125# dry matter (DM) needed

A = 250 ewes @ 150# each =

37,500 pounds of body weight

B = DM requirement/day 3%

C = 0 = No supplemental feed

D = 1 = One day per paddock

slide37

Sheep Example (cont.):

[(8” - 3”) X 300#] X 75% =

1,125 # available DM

D = Pasture at 8” tall

E = 3” remaining stubble

F = 300# DM

G = Utilization rate 75% (25% wastage)

slide38

Sheep Example (cont.):

Therefore, 1 acre with 1,125# of available DM

will supply the DM requirements of the 250 ewes

for one day.

slide40

Case Farm -

Intermediate Plan

6 areas

slide41

Case Farm -

Final Plan

10 paddocks and flexible hay grazing area

slide43

Safety First!!!!!

Call Before You Dig!!!

1 - 800 - 362 - 2764