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Chapter 11: The Nation Has Growing Pains
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  1. Chapter 11: The Nation Has Growing Pains

  2. Scandal in the Conservative Party John A. MacDonald and the Conservative Party was accused of accepting a bribe by the contractor that was granted the contract to Build the railway from East to West Coast . MacDonald resigned and the Liberal Party took over from the Conservatives.

  3. North West Territories (1875) The NWT had no government of its own, and was under the control of the lieutenant-governor of Manitoba. (This was not very efficient way to run the Territory – it took a long time to make decisions) As the population grew in the NWT the North West Territory Act of 1875 was created.

  4. North West Territories Act of 1875 Gradual implementation of representative government. The Territories got their own Lieutenant-governor and a council. As the population grew to certain numbers they were given more governmental strength.

  5. Indian Act of 1876 This Act governs the First People and their lands. Aim: to move the First People onto reserves and use the remaining lands for settlement. Assimilation was the goal (to change First People to be like Europeans). Isolation policies: the First People were put into reserves, and children were forced into Residential Schools.

  6. National Policy (239 – 241) By John A. MacDonald to try and win the next election for the Conservative Party, and won the vote again in 1878. 1. Protective Tariffs: Tariffs were placed on the imported goods that Canada could manufacture themselves (woolen clothes, refined sugar, nails, and steam engines). This would encourage sales of Canadian made goods, keeping the money in the country and bringing in money from the Tariffs that would help pay for the railway. 2. National Railway: The railway would take settlers to the West, and bring their crops to the East. 3. Settlement of the West: Encourage immigrants from other countries to settle the Canadian Prairies. These settlers would buy the products of Canadian industries and would grow wheat to be sold in Canadian cities.

  7. Seven Treaties (246 – 247) Read text pages 246-247 and create your own notes focusing on the perspectives and situation of the time between the First People of Canada and the Europeans, and the European Canadian Federal Government.

  8. Alberta and Saskatchewan (1905) Should the North West Territories become a Province? What is the difference between a Territory and a Province in Canada?

  9. September 1st, 1905 two new provinces were formed out of the North West Territories (which still encompass much of the North) • Alberta and Saskatchewan • The Federal Government gave them each: • $1, 000, 000.00 • $ for public works and government expenses • Taxes could be used to support separate Protestant (public) and Roman Catholic schools.

  10. Differences in Saskatchewan and Alberta as Provinces of Canada Land Control • The federal government kept control of public lands and all natural resources. French Canadian Rights • The 1900s saw a few changes that began to limit the rights of the French-Canadian people. • French language schools (and denominational schools) did not have official status