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Chapter two Animals and Chinese Horoscope. Zodiac, astrology and divination Additional materials. Twelve Symbolic Animals. It is traditional in China, when a person is born, one animal ( shuxiang ) is used to symbolize this year.

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Chapter two Animals and Chinese Horoscope


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chapter two animals and chinese horoscope

Chapter twoAnimals and Chinese Horoscope

Zodiac, astrology and divination

Additional materials

twelve symbolic animals
Twelve Symbolic Animals
  • It is traditional in China, when a person is born, one animal (shuxiang) is used to symbolize this year.
  • Shuxiang, aslo called shengxiao (any of the 12 animals representing the Earthly Branches), is a traditional way in China to number the years and to record a person’s age.
heavenly stem and earthly branches
Heavenly Stem and Earthly Branches
  • The method to designate the year by ancient Chinese people.
  • Heavenly Stem: 10 Characters
  • Earthly Branches: 12 Characters
  • Combining each of the 10 H. S. with One of the E. B. in sequence creates 60 chronological symbols.
heavenly stem and earthly branches1
Heavenly Stem and Earthly Branches

60 chonological symbols

  • Heavenly Stem: 10 Characters

jia yi bing ding wu ji geng xin ren gui

甲 乙 丙 丁 戊 己 庚 辛 壬 癸

子 丑 寅 卯 辰 巳 午 未 申 酉 戌 亥

zi chou yin mao chen si wu wei shen you xu hai

  • Earthly Branches: 12 Characters 甲子、已丑、戊戌、辛亥……
heavenly stem and earthly branches2
Heavenly Stem and Earthly Branches

Every 60 years in circles

甲子乙丑丙寅丁卯戊辰己巳庚午辛未壬申癸酉 甲戌乙亥丙子丁丑戊寅己卯庚辰辛巳壬午癸未 甲申乙酉丙戌丁亥戊子己丑庚寅辛卯壬辰癸巳 甲午乙未丙申丁酉戊戌己亥庚子辛丑壬寅癸卯 甲辰乙巳丙午丁未戊申己酉庚戌辛亥壬子癸丑 甲寅乙卯丙辰丁巳戊午己未庚申辛酉壬戌癸亥

2009 is yichou(已丑),2010 is gengyin(庚寅)…

2069 is yichou, 2070 is gengyin…

twelve symbolic animals1
Twelve Symbolic Animals

From East Han (25-220), folks used 12 animal to name the Earthly Braches, make it easy to remember for the normal people.

子 丑 寅 卯 辰 巳 午 未 申 酉 戌 亥

zi chou yin mao chen si wu wei shen you xu hai

鼠 牛 虎 兔 龙 蛇 马 羊 猴 鸡 狗 猪

Mouse ox tiger rabbit dragonsnake horse goat monkey rooster dog pig

1984 85 86 87 198889 90 91 92 93 94 1995

1996 200001 02 2007

2008 2009 10 11 201213 14 15 16 17 18 2019

chinese horoscope zodiac
Chinese Horoscope - zodiac
  • Mouse
  • You are imaginative, charming, and truly generous to the person you love. However, you have a tendency to be quick-tempered and overly critical. You are also inclined to be somewhat of an opportunist. Born under this sign, you should be happy in sales or as a writer, critic, or publicist.
chinese horoscope zodiac1
Chinese Horoscope - zodiac
  • Ox
  • A born leader, you inspire confidence from all around you. You are conservative methodical, and good with your hands. Guard against being chauvinistic and always demanding your own way. The Buffalo would be successful as a skilled surgeon, general, or hairdresser.
chinese horoscope zodiac2
Chinese Horoscope - zodiac
  • Tiger
  • You are sensitive, emotional, and capable of great love. However, you have a tendency to get carried away and be stubborn about what you think is right; often seen as a "Hothead" or rebel. Your sign shows you would be excellent as a boss, explorer, race car driver, or matador.
chinese horoscope zodiac3
Chinese Horoscope - zodiac
  • Rabbit
  • You are the kind of person, that people like to be around affectionate, obliging, always pleasant. You have a tendency, though, to get too sentimental and seem superficial. Being cautious and conservative, you are successful in business but would also make a good lawyer, diplomat, or actor.
chinese horoscope zodiac4
Chinese Horoscope - zodiac
  • Dragon
  • Full of vitality and enthusiasm, the Dragon is a popular individual even with the reputation of being foolhardy and a "big mouth" at times. You are intelligent, gifted, and a perfectionist but these qualities make you undulydemanding on others. You would be well-suited to be an artist, priest, or politician.
chinese horoscope zodiac5
Chinese Horoscope - zodiac
  • Snake
  • Rich in wisdom and charm, you are romantic and deep thinking and your intuition guides you strongly. Avoid procrastination and your stingy attitude towards money. Keep your sense of humor about life. The Snake would be most content as a teacher, philosopher, writer, psychiatrist, and fortune teller.
chinese horoscope zodiac6
Chinese Horoscope - zodiac
  • Horse
  • Your capacity for hard work is amazing. You are your own person-very independent. While intelligent and friendly, you have a strong streak of selfishness and sharp cunning and should guard against being egotistical. Your sign suggests success as an adventurer, scientist, poet, or politician.
chinese horoscope zodiac7
Chinese Horoscope - zodiac
  • Goat
  • Except for the knack of always getting off on the wrong foot with people, the Goat can be charmingcompany. Your are elegant and artistic but the first to complain about things. Put aside your pessimism and worry and try to be less dependent on material comforts. You would be best as an actor, gardener, or beachcomber.
chinese horoscope zodiac8
Chinese Horoscope - zodiac
  • Monkey
  • You are a vary intelligent and a very clever wit. Because of your extraordinary nature and magnetic personality, you are always well-liked. The Monkey, however, must guard against being an opportunist and distrustful of other people. Your sign promises success in any field you try.
chinese horoscope zodiac9
Chinese Horoscope - zodiac
  • Rooster
  • The Rooster is a hard worker; shrewd and definite in decision making often speaking his mind. Because of this, you tend to seem boastful to others. You are a dreamer, flashy dresser, and extravagant to an extreme. Born under this sign you should be happy as a restaurant owner, publicist, soldier or world traveler.
chinese horoscope zodiac10
Chinese Horoscope - zodiac
  • Dog
  • The Dog will never let you down. Born under this sign you are honest, and faithful to those you love. You are plagued by constant worry, a sharp tongue, and a tendency to be a fault finder, however. You would make an excellent businessman, activist, teacher, or secret agent.
chinese horoscope zodiac11
Chinese Horoscope - zodiac
  • Pig
  • You are a splendid companion, an intellectual with a very strong need to set difficult goals and carry them out. You are sincere, tolerant, and honest but by expecting the same from others, you are incredibly naive. Your quest for material goods could be your downfall. The Pig would be best in the arts as an entertainer, or possible a lawyer.
chinese lunar calendar
Chinese Lunar Calendar
  • Time is measured by observing the movements of the sun, moon and stars. People in all major cultures have since discovered this fact since pre-historical time.
  • The Lunar calendar yin
  • The Solar calendar yang
chinese lunar calendar1
Chinese Lunar Calendar
  • For this we look at the Moon! Each night, the appearance of the Moon changes. From 'new moon' to 'full moon' and back.
  • So we define a 'Month' as the time it takes for the Moon to go through one cycle of motion. As it happens, this takes about 29.5 days. So we round the month to be either 29 days or 30 days.
  • Again, in the Chinese a month is simply a 'Moon.'
  • The English word "month" is derived from the word "moon."
chinese lunar calendar2
Chinese Lunar Calendar
  • A normal year has 12 lunar months, with the length of lunar month defined above. In order to make up to 365.24 days, an extra month is added during the Leap Year (闰年).
chinese lunar calendar3
Chinese Lunar Calendar
  • In the Solar Calendar system, a normal year has 365 days. Every 4-th year, an extra day is added in February to make up to 365.25 days. This is called the Leap Year.
chinese lunar calendar4
Chinese Lunar Calendar
  • In the Western calendar terminology:
  • Decade = 10 years Century = 100 years Millennium = 1,000 years
chinese lunar calendar5
Chinese Lunar Calendar
  • In Chinese calendar terminology:
  • Great Year = 12 years Cycle = 5 Great Years = 60 years Epoch = 60 Cycles = 60 x 60 years = 3,600 years
  • Year 2010 is now in the Second Epoch, 18th Cycle, 27th Year.
  • By this method of counting, both the Gregorian Calendar and the Chinese Calendar must pick arbitrarily its Year One(Christ’s birth). Thus, we are in Year 2010 and Year 4707 respectively.
the twenty four terms 24
The Twenty-Four Terms (24节气)

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This twenty-four solar terms closely related to the changes of Nature — a very useful tool for farmers, providing information on the proper time for planting and harvesting.

beginning of spring
Beginning of Spring(立春)

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usually starting from the fourth or fifth of February. And the first day is the Chinese New Year's Day or the onset (beginning) of the Spring Festival.

rain water
Rain Water 雨水
  • from the nineteenth or twentieth of February, a time when rainy seasons are setting in (beginning).

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waking of insects
Waking of Insects 惊蛰

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from the fifth or sixth of March, as the earth awakes from hibernation(冬眠 ).

spring equinox
Spring Equinox 春分

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from the twentieth or twenty-first of March;

pure brightness
Pure Brightness 清明

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From the fourth or fifth of April;

grain rain
Grain Rain 谷雨

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From the twentieth or twenty-first of April;

beginning of summer
Beginning of Summer 立夏

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From the fifth or sixth of May;

grain full
Grain Full 小满

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From the twentieth or twenty-first of May;

grain in ear
Grain in Ear 芒种

From the fifth

or sixth of June;

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summer solstice
Summer Solstice 夏至

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From the twenty-first or second of June;

slight heat
Slight Heat 小暑
  • From the sixth or seventh of July;

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great heat
Great Heat 大暑

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From the twenty-second or third of July;

beginning of autumn
Beginning of Autumn立秋
  • From the seventh or eighth of August;

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limit of heat
Limit of Heat 处暑

the twenty-third or fourth of August;

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white dew
White Dew白露

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From the seventh or eighth of September;

autumnal equinox
Autumnal Equinox秋分

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From the twenty-third or fourth of September;

cold dew
Cold Dew寒露

From the eighth or ninth of October

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frost s descent
Frost’s Descent霜降

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From the twentieth-three or fourth of October;

beginning of winter
Beginning of Winter立冬

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From the seventh or eighth of November;

light snow
Light Snow小雪

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From the twenty-second or third of November;

great snow
Great Snow大雪

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From the seventh or eighth of December;

winter solstice
Winter Solstice冬至

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From the twenty-second or third of December; the daytime is the shortest for the year

slight cold
Slight Cold小寒

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From the fifth or sixth of January; and lastly

great cold
Great Cold大寒

From the twentieth or twenty-first of January which brings the 24-term cycle to an end.

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names of chinese people
Names of Chinese People
  • Surname
  • Appeared during the matriarchal society, when clans were constituted with mothers at the center.

Surname + given name (G. W. + G. W)

1 or 2 1 or 2 (characters)

names of chinese people1
Names of Chinese People
  • Surname
  • Surnames are common, easy to recognize, and more respectable.
  • Beifan, (Middle word) are generation name
  • Given Word(s). E.g:

Cai Sheng Qin

Cai Sheng Jun (brother)

Cai Sheng Jie (cousin)

names of chinese people2
Names of Chinese People
  • 8 origins:
  • With the 1st name of the mother as the surname of the clan in the matriarchal.

2. With the creatures worshipped in remote antiquity as surname, ma(horse), niu(cattle), yang(sheep), long(dragon).

names of chinese people3
Names of Chinese People
  • 8 origins:

3. With ancient state’s name as surname, 赵Zhao, 宋Song, 秦Qin, 吴Wu…

4. With an ancient official titles eventually adopted as the surname: 司马Sima, 司徒Situ, 上官Shangguan, …

names of chinese people4
Names of Chinese People
  • 8 origins:

5. With the rank or title of nobility as the surname

6. With the location and scene in the residential places

7. With the profession: Tao陶(pottery)

8. With ancestors’ official and courtesy.

names of chinese people5
Names of Chinese People
  • Biggest surnames:

Zhang Wang Liu Li Chen

Covers half population under heaven

  • 100 of 3500

100 Family Names (百家姓)

张, 王, 刘, 李, 陈

天 下 一 半 人

names of chinese people6
Names of Chinese People
  • Chinese names usually have a certain meaning, expressing some kind wish, indicating the expectation of possessing some virtues, such as Zhong (loyalty 忠), yi (justice义), Li (etiquette 礼), and Xin (faith信);
  • Health (Jian健), longevity (Shou寿 Yong永), happiness (fu福, xi喜)
names of chinese people7
Names of Chinese People
  • Male: power, vigor
  • Hu(tiger), Long(dragon), Xiong (hero), gang (hardness)…
  • Female: gentleness, grace, beauty
  • Hua(flower), yu(jade), Juan(graceful), Jing(queit), mei (plum blossom)…
dogs puppies
Dogs-Puppies
  • Bulldog 牛头犬
  • Boxer 拳王
  • German Shepherd 德国牧羊犬
  • Poodle 狮子狗
  • Pomeranian 小狐狸狗
  • Pug 哈巴狗
  • Beagle 小猎犬 hound