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GPP 1 - Accurate Record Keeping & GPP 4 - Proper Care and Handling. Dean Fish Arizona Cooperative Extension Santa Cruz County. G ood P roduction P ractice #1. Keeping Accurate Records. Keeping Records. Keeping records is an important part of any livestock operation/project.

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gpp 1 accurate record keeping gpp 4 proper care and handling

GPP 1 - Accurate Record Keeping& GPP 4 - Proper Care and Handling

Dean Fish

Arizona Cooperative Extension

Santa Cruz County




Practice #1

Keeping Accurate Records


Keeping Records

  • Keeping records is an important part of any livestock operation/project.
  • Accurate records let you identify specific animals for medication, analyze your efficiency, and find changes you could make to improve your operation/project.
  • Any records kept are better than no records at all.
animal identification
Animal Identification
  • Proper identification is key to good management. If each animal is clearly identified, keeping records on treatments becomes a lot easier.
    • Ear tag at county weight in
    • Ear notch and/or tag – Swine
    • Tattoo – Breeding Beef
keeping accurate records
Keeping Accurate Records

Three main areas of record keeping

  • Individual Animal Records
  • Process Verification
  • Production Records
individual animal records
Individual Animal Records
  • Lets you know which animal belongs to whom.
  • Allows you compare performance of these animals:
    • Selecting replacement females
    • Selecting animals for your project
    • Determining rate of gain
process verification
Process Verification
  • Any time you use medications or growth promotants in your livestock project, it is important identify the individual animal and their treatments.
      • Animal ID
      • Date
      • Product
      • Dosage
      • Method of treatment (I.M., S.Q., I.V.)
      • Location of injection (neck)
      • Who administered it
      • Withdrawal times (label)
feed records
Feed Records
  • It is very important to read your feed labels and keep copies of your feed labels.
  • Keep records on how much you feed an individual animal. (production records)
production records
Production Records
  • Production records let you measure animal and business performance.


    • Average daily gain
    • Weaning weights
    • Litter weights
    • Pounds of milk in dairy cattle
production records1
Production Records
  • Business records can show how profitable the operation is.
  • Records from different years can be compared to see how your livestock project has progressed.



Practice #4

Proper Care and Handling

care and handling
Care and Handling
  • The way you care for your animals can have a big impact on how they will grow and how they will behave.
animal needs
Animal Needs
  • Three basic needs all animals have.
    • Feed
    • Water
    • Environment
  • Feed will be covered in more detail a little later, but you need to be sure they have the proper ration for the kind of growth you expect.
  • Make sure water is clean and fresh.
  • Would you rather drink clean or muddy water?
  • Make sure they have enough water everyday.
  • Water is critical for survival and growth.
  • Animal Environment Includes:
    • Space
    • Temperature
    • Cleanliness


  • Is there enough space for the animal to eat, sleep and exercise?
  • Use space requirement tables to determine how much space an animal needs.references upon request


  • Different animals prefer different temperatures, this is called their comfort zone.
  • Production variables can decline if an animal is outside it’s comfort zone for too long.
ways to control temperature
Ways To Control Temperature
  • Heat
    • Misting systems
    • Sprinkle area (evaporative cooling)
    • Fans (air movement)
    • Shade (prevents radiation)
  • Cold
    • Deeper bedding (insulation)
    • Shelter (prevent drafts)
    • House animals together to increase body heat exchange.


  • Clean environment reduces the amount and spread of disease organisms.
  • Regular removal of waste doesn’t allow for the growth of microorganisms which may lead to digestive or respiratory problems.
  • Manure build up also provides an environment for fly populations to multiply.
  • Handling animals carefully is another way to prevent injury or physical contamination of meat (bruising,etc.).
  • Animals two main instincts are fight or flight.
  • Slow quiet movements.
  • Reduce the use of buzzers and prods.
  • Interaction at feeding time.
  • Heat, cold or excitement can all cause stress.
  • Changes in feed, illness or movement can also cause stress.
  • Stress can ultimately reduce appetite, production and also effect the quality of meat they produce.
reducing stress
Reducing Stress
  • Have animal well broke to reduce excitement of the show.
  • Keep animals on regular feeding and exercise schedule.
  • Get animals accustomed to strange or flavored water.
  • Try not to mix animals at shows to avoid fighting.


  • Accurate records are essential for tracking medications given and performance characteristics in livestock projects.
  • Proper care and handling of livestock animals ensures the safety and well being of both you and your animal.