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INFECTION PowerPoint Presentation

INFECTION

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INFECTION

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  1. INFECTION Sr.Banumathy, OT

  2. Infection Definition: The entry with multiplication of an organism in the tissue of a host is Infection

  3. Inflammation Definition: Inflammation is normal protection response of the body to eliminate the organism causing injury its toxin. It may be either acute or chronic

  4. INFECTION

  5. Source of Infection Instrument SEPSIS Patient Surgical Team Environment

  6. Source of Infection • Air borne Contamination • Respiratory origin • Surface origin (skin, cloths, etc) • Air conditioning system • Discipline • Solution and Medicines • Irrigating fluid • Ointment and Drops • Instrument Disinfectant • Skin antiseptics

  7. Source of Infection • c.Tissues • Skin of hands • Skin of Operation fluid • Lid margin and Lashes • Conjunctival sac • Lacrimal sac • Corneal graft • Nasal mucosa • d.Objects and Materials • Optic Instruments • Tonometer • Contact Lenses • Gloves • Drapes • Surgical Instruments • Intra Ocular Lenses • Orbital Implants • Retinal Implants • Sutures • Dressings

  8. Prevention • Identify high risk patient before detecting surgery – chronic blepharitis, lacrimal drainage abnormalities, prothesis in fellow eye, actin injection elsewhere • 2.Preparation of operation field: • Pre op preparation in block room using povidine Iodine solution 10% • Second preparation immediately before surgery • Drape to cover lashes and lid margins • 3. Antibiotics • Pre operation topical antibiotics, subconjuntival antibiotic at the end of surgerys. Antibiotis in irrigating solution

  9. Prevention – Contd… • 4. Discard old topical medication • 5. Asepsis of Operating Room and Sterilization • 6. Personnel – Surgical Scrubbing • Gowning – Gloving • 7. Supplier, instruments & equipment creating asterile field • 8. Sterilization of instruments to destroy all micro organism

  10. THANK YOU