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## PowerPoint Slideshow about 'CSCE 211: Digital Logic Design' - wyoming-mendoza

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Review: Design Process for Combinational Systems

Step 1: Represent each of the inputs and output in binary.

Step 1.5: If necessary, break the problem into smaller subproblems.

Step 2: Formalize the design specification either in the form of a truth table or of an algebraic expression.

Step 3: Simplify the description.

Step 4: Implement the system with the available components, subject to the design objectives and constraints.

Design Process for Sequential Systems

Step 1: From a word description, determine what needs to be stored in memory, that is, what are the possible states.

Step 2: If necessary, code the inputs and outputs in binary.

Step 3: Derive a state table or state diagram to describe the behavior of the system.

Step 4: Choose a state assignment, that is, code the states in binary.

Step 5: Choose a flip flop type and derive the flip flop input maps or tables.

Step 6: Produce the logic equation and draw a block diagram (as in the case of combinational systems).

Revisit Continuing Example 6

CE6. A system with one input x and one output z such that z = 1 iff x has been 1 for at least three consecutive clock times.

State Assignment of CE 6

We use assignment (a) in our discussion of CE6.

K-map for Output

z = q1q2

Synchronous Counter

- A synchronous counter is a device with no data input that goes through a fixed sequence of states on successive clocks
- The output is often just the state of the system, i.e., the contents of all of the flip flops
- So no output column is required in the state table

Another Example: Up/Down Counter

- A counter that can count up or down according to a control input
- Counts up when x=0
- Counts down when x=1

Another Example: Decimal Counter

- A decimal counter goes through the sequence

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 …

- Can you develop the truth table and then K-maps for the next state of each bit?

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