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Rice starting small with a Genetically Modified food product. Teri Wright. Why Rice?. Areas where rice is a daily food source Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Nepal, South Africa, The Philippines, and Vietnam Humanitarian project Deliver a traditional crop with an added trait or traits

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Presentation Transcript
why rice
Why Rice?
  • Areas where rice is a daily food source
      • Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Nepal, South Africa, The Philippines, and Vietnam
  • Humanitarian project
      • Deliver a traditionalcrop with an added trait or traits
      • Increased income to areas of poverty
  • Sustainable Crop
      • Familiar to farmers
      • Familiar to population

http://www.terradaily.com/images/bowl-white-rice-bg.jpg

what genetic modifications
What Genetic Modifications?
  • Less enviromental harm
    • Increased absorption of CO2 for use in photosynthesis
  • Increased yeilds
    • Use of up to 35% less agricultural land
  • Increased nutritional value
    • Golden rice (beta carotine)
    • Iron and Zinc
can you see the difference vitamin a deficiency vad
Impaired vision

Irreversible blindness

Exposure to infection

Reduced Immune response

Malaria

Impaired hematopoiesis

Skeletal growth

Can you see the difference?Vitamin A deficiency (VAD)
how it s made
How it’s made!
  • Biochemical pathway for β-carotene production in the grain
  • Two genes used
    • Daffodils (2005 replaced by Maize)
    • Erwinia uredovora, a soil bacterium
  • Expression in the Rice Endosperm
      • Concentration of β-carotene  golden color

http://www.sxc.hu/pic/m/b/be/belriose/325894_maize.jpg

http://www.flickr.com/photos/pakora/436917081/

potential of one seed
Potential of ONE seed
  • Potential for 20,000 tons of rice in 2 years
    • Feeds 100,000 for an entire year
    • Reducing Vitamin A malnutrition
social controversy
Social Controversy

“If some people decide that they want blind children and white rice, it’s their decision. I’m offering the possibility of yellow rice and no blind children. But the decision what people want to eat is theirs." Dr. Potrykus

“Malnutrition is not merely a nutrition problem, it is also a social problem.” Dr. Samson Tsou

Greenpeace claimed Golden Rice is “not effective” and “superfluous”

political controversy
Political Controversy
  • Delayed processes
      • Permits
      • Lack of support
  • Regulatory requirements
      • Large corporations
      • Public sector
        • Loss of investments and opportunities
        • Increase cost
coming soon
Coming Soon!
  • Golden Rice should be on Sale in the Philippines by 2012
references
References
  • Text
    • http://www.goldenrice.org/PDFs/The_Golden_Rice_Project_Mayer_et_al_2006.pdf
    • http://www.agbioworld.org/biotech-info/articles/biotech-art/potrykus.html
    • http://www.agbioworld.org/biotech-info/articles/biotech-art/potrykus.html
    • http://www.time.com/time/business/article/0,8599,98034,00.html
    • http://caliber.ucpress.net/doi/pdf/10.1641/0006-3568(2005)055%5B0726%3ATGRCUS%5D2.0.CO%3B2?cookieSet=1
    • http://www.grain.org/briefings/?id=18
    • http://www.pr-inside.com/golden-rice-on-sale-by-r1059490.htm
  • Photo
    • http://search.msn.com/images/results.aspx?q=golden+rice&FORM=MSNH11#focal=ea94962576061e4814f7e8686263fec7&furl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.macalester.edu%2Fenvironmentalstudies%2Fstudents%2Fprojects%2Fcitizenscience2007%2Fgeneticallymodifiedcrops%2Fimages%2Fgoldenrice.jpg
    • http://www.goldenrice.org/image/silver+gold.jpg
    • http://www.chefnoah.com/images/White%20Rice.jpg
    • http://www.flickr.com/photos/avlxyz/2371078982/
    • http://img.alibaba.com/photo/101434868/White_Rice_100_Grade_B.jpg
    • http://www.atdforum.org/IMG/jpg/Golden_Rice.jpg