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Migration factor. RUSSIA-TURKEY. Artem Lukyanets. The main factors of migration between Russia to Turkey. Political Economic Infrastructural. Political factors.

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Presentation Transcript
political factors
Political factors
  • On April 16, 2011 the simplified mode of getting visas came into force. It concerns Russian citizens visiting Turkey and Turkish citizens visiting the Russian Federation.
structural characterization of the migration flow from turkey to russia non economic reason
Structural characterization of the migration flow from Turkey to Russia(non economic reason)
economic factors
Economic factors

The global financial crisis has not passed over Russia and Turkey. Its main effects are:

  • slowing of economic growth;
  • increasing of unemployment;
  • declining of living standards.
unemployment rate
Unemployment rate

Russian Federation


The number of labor migrants from Turkey, working on a formal contract in Russia in 1994-2012, thousands
changes in the number of migrants for economic reasons
Changes in the number of migrants for economic reasons

From Russia to Turkey

From Turkey to Russia



  • Air transport makes almost the wholemigration flow
  • All Russian airlines admitted to international traffic fly to Turkey
  • After April 16, 2011 the amount of air passengers between two countries increased by 363%, comparing with 2010.
russia and turkey signed an agreement on cooperation in the field of civil aviation
Russia and Turkey signed an agreement on cooperation in the field of civil aviation

At the beginning of April 2013 an agreement on cooperation in the field of civil aviation was signed between Russia and Turkey.

Main points:

  • Turkey is able to use the Russian airspace much more and, besides, conduct flights over its territory to other countries.
  • The number of flights from Russia to the Turkish provinces such as Samsun, Gaziantep and Nevsehir will increase.
  • Turkish Airlines will be able to make flights to CIS countries through Russian airspace without restrictions on frequency of flights.
  • Turkey will use Transsyberia airspace for flights to the Far East (Tokyo, Osaka, Bishkek, and Ulan Bator). Russia and Turkey will be able to increase the frequency of flights and introduce alternative routes.
  • Turkish Airlines will be able to transport on ten areas in Russia. (Now it performs around 70 flights in Russia weekly and intends to increase this number by three times).
  • Removal of restrictions on the frequency of cargo flights.