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Example Outcome and Impact Level Indicators DAC Network on Development Evaluation 10 th Meeting – 11 February 2010. Why are Outcome & Impact Indicators Needed?.

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slide1
Example Outcome and Impact Level Indicators
  • DAC Network on
  • Development Evaluation
  • 10th Meeting – 11 February 2010
why are outcome impact indicators needed
Why are Outcome & Impact Indicators Needed?

1. Assist country offices to develop a set of indicators for the programming level (e.g. to guide development and monitoring of a Country Strategy Paper)

2. To fill, as much as possible, the 'missing middle' between implementation indicators and global impact indicators

the missing middle 1
The Missing Middle (1)

Outputs

Global Impacts

Specific

Impacts

Intermediate

Impacts

Outcomes

slide4

Attention

1. This is a simplified tool, not a template. Intervention logic must be developed for each country based on its context and existing government strategies

2. Indictors are not fixed but provide ideas on how to set, monitor and evaluate Country Strategy objectives

3. Crosscutting issues should be mainstreamed into relevant indicators (e.g. disaggregation of data by gender)

4. Outcomes/Impact are not fully attributable to development interventions Outputs are 100% attributable but attribution falls as you move up the chain of results

common indicator of success
Common Indicator of Success

Kilometres of Roads…

examples real indicators of success
Examples - Real Indicators of Success

Kilometres of Road

Other Factors

Education

Trade

Time

Health

Jobs/Profits

Cost

Environment

Poverty

Reduction

intervention logic
Intervention Logic

Specific

Impacts

Global

Impacts

Output

Clusters

Outcomes

Intermediate

Impacts

Lower Road Transport Time

Greater Economic Accessibility

Improved Conditions for Economic Growth

Infrastructure

(construction/ maintenance)

Lower Road Transport Costs

Greater Accessibility to Social Services

Economic Growth

Improved Institutional Management of Road System

Institutional Reform

Poverty Reduction

MDG 1

Economic

Increased Employment

Social Development

Environmental Impacts of Roads Minimised

Environment

Enhanced Human Capacity

MDG 7

Enhanced Safety & Health Linked to Roads

Social

MDG 6

outcome indicators
Outcome Indicators

Output

Clusters

Indicators

Outcomes

Lower Road Transport Time

1. Travel Times

Infrastructure

(construction/ maintenance)

Lower Road Transport Costs

2. Transportation costs

Improved Institutional Management of Road System

Institutional Reform

3. Implementation and enforcement of laws related to roads

Increased Employment

4. Employment resulting from construction

and maintenance of roads

Economic

Environment

Social

specific impact indicators
Specific Impact Indicators

Specific

Impacts

Indicators

Output

Clusters

Outcomes

5. Access to roads

6. Use of public transportation

7. Business productivity

Greater Economic Accessibility

Lower Road Transport Time

Infrastructure

(construction/maintenance)

Lower Road Transport Costs

Greater Accessibility to Social Services

8. Access to social services

Improved Institutional Management of Road System

Institutional Reform

Economic

Environmental Impacts of Roads Minimised

9. Environmental effects of road

system

Environment

10. Road deaths and injuries

11. Disease transmissions

influenced by improved mobility

Enhanced Safety & Health Linked to Roads

Social

intermediate impact indicators
Intermediate Impact Indicators

Specific

Impacts

Intermediate

Impacts

Indicators

Outputs

Outcomes

Greater Economic Accessibility

Lower Road Transport Time

Infrastructure (construction/maintenance)

14. Employment

15. Trade

Improved Conditions for Economic Growth

Lower Road Transport Costs

Greater Accessibility to Social Services

Improved Institutional Management of Road System

Institutional Reform

Increased Employment

Economic

Environmental Impacts of Roads Minimised

Environment

16. School attendance

17. Health attendance

Enhanced Human Capacity

Enhanced Safety & Health Linked to Roads

Social

the missing middle 2
The Missing Middle (2)

Outputs

Global Impacts

Specific

Impacts

Intermediate

Impacts

Outcomes

list of key indicators with examples
List of Key Indicators (with examples)

3. Implementation and enforcement of laws related to roads

Number/type of prosecutions related to road offences; number/type of approved laws related to roads

4. Employment resulting from road construction and maintenance

Number of people directly and indirectly employed in road construction and maintenance projects

  • Outcome Indicators
  • 1.Travel times
  • Public/Commercial transportation time
  • 2. Transportation costs
  • Cost of public transport fares; commercial operating costs

9. Environmental effects of road system

Soil erosion directly related to roads; lead and carbon monoxide pollution; market share for unleaded petrol; number of vehicles meeting x environmental quality standard

10. Road deaths and injures

Number of road deaths; number of road injuries

11. Disease transmissions influenced by improved mobility

HIV/AIDS infection rate; TB infection rate

Specific Impact Indicators

5. Access to roads

Population living within x kilometres of a road network

6. Use of public transportation

Number of people using public transportation

7. Businesses productivity

Market return for traded goods; transfer to higher-value goods

8. Access to social services

Number of people who live within x time of a school, health centre, or local government office; number of visits by government officials to towns/villages

14. School attendance

School enrolment rates; school completion rates

15. Health attendance

Number of visits to health centres; number of supervised births; child immunisation rates

Intermediate Impact Indicators

12. Employment

Employment opportunities within x travel time; increase in employment within x area

13. Trade

Volume of trade between y and z regions; value of trade between y and z regions

education intervention logic
Education Intervention Logic

Global

Impacts

Specific

Impact

Intermediate

Impacts

Outcomes

Output

Clusters

Better Allocation of Educational Resources

Improved Family Planning & Health Awareness

Institutional Management

Quality of Education

Increased Affordability of Education

Economic Growth

Skills and Learning Enhancement

Curricula & Teaching Materials

Poverty Reduction

Improved Participation in Society

MDG 2

MDG 1

Equitable Access to Education

Teacher Recruitment & Training

Social Development

MDG 2

Health

MDG 3

Greater Income Opportunities

Optimal Employment

Education Facilities

outcome indicators 1
Outcome Indicators (1)

Indicators

Output

Clusters

Outcomes

Better Allocation of Educational Resources

1. Transparent decision making

Institutional Management

Increased Affordability of Education

2. Cost for household

Curricula & Teaching Materials

Teacher Recruitment & Training

Health

13. Employment: school/university construction and maintenance

14. Employment: teachers and government workers

Optimal Employment

Education Facilities

outcome indicators 2
Outcome Indicators (2)

Results

(Outcomes)

Indicators

Output

Clusters

Better Allocation of Educational Resources

3. Absenteeism & Drop Out

4. Teacher ratios/rates

5. Qualification of teachers

6. Teaching material ratios

7. Transition & Repetition

Institutional Management

Quality of Education

Increased Affordability of Education

Curricula & Teaching Materials

  • Equitable education participation
  • 9. Enrolment rate
  • 10. Completion rate
  • 11. Distance to school/university
  • 12. School and university places

Equitable Access to Education

Teacher Recruitment & Training

Health

Optimal Employment

Education Facilities

specific impact indicators18
Specific Impact Indicators

Specific

Impact

Output

Clusters

Outcomes

Indicators

Better Allocation of Educational Resources

Institutional Management

Quality of Education

Increased Affordability of Education

  • Literacy & Numeracy rates
  • Examination results
  • Social views

Skills and Learning Enhancement

Curricula & Teaching Materials

Equitable Access to Education

Teacher Recruitment & Training

Health

Optimal Employment

Education Facilities

intermediate impact indicators19
Intermediate Impact Indicators

Specific

Impact

Intermediate

Impacts

Output

Clusters

Outcomes

Indicator

Better Allocation of Educational Resources

Improved Family Planning & Health Awareness

Institutional Management

Quality of Education

Increased Affordability of Education

Skills and Learning Enhancement

Curricula & Teaching Materials

Equitable Access to Education

Teacher Recruitment & Training

Improved Participation in Society

Health

Greater Income Opportunities

  • Employability

Optimal Employment

Education Facilities

list of key indicators with examples20
List of Key Indicators (with examples)

11. Distance to school/university

- x% of students within x kilometre of a school

12. School and university places

- Educational places as an x% of eligible students

Optimal Employment Outcome Indicators

13. Employment: school/university construction and maintenance

- Number of people directly and indirectly employed in school/university construction and maintenance

14. Employment: teachers and government workers

- Number of people directly & indirectly employed as teachers and

government workers linked to education sector

  • Affordability Outcome Indicators
  • 1. Transparent decision making
  • - Implementation of transparent mechanisms to allocate resources between sectors (e.g. using tools such as average cost ratios per student for different educational levels)
  • 2. Cost for Household
  • - Cost of education (i.e. fees, materials/equipment, lunches etc) as a % of household expenditure; cost per student as a % of income per capita

Quality Outcome Indicators

3. Absenteeism and drop out

- Teacher/student absenteeism rates; drop out rates

4. Teacher ratios/rates

- Student teacher ratio; rate of double shifting

5. Qualification of teachers

- Average qualification of teachers at each educational level

6. Teaching material ratios

- Student textbook ratio

7. Transition and repetition

- Progression rates; repetition rates

Specific Impact Indicators

15. Literacy and numeracy rates

- Literacy and numeracy rates by age, sex and social group

16. Examination results

- Examination results for various educational levels and subject areas by age, sex & social group

17. Social views

- Support for violent conflict; prejudiced views towards other social groups

Access Outcome Indicators

8. Equitable educational participation

- Ratio of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary education; ratio of other disadvantaged groups compared to x% of population

9. Enrolment rate

- Gross and net enrolment rates

10. Completion rate

- Gross and net enrolment rates

Intermediate Impact Indicators

18. Employability

- % of school leavers/graduates gaining paid employment (split by type of employment)

health intervention logic
Health Intervention Logic

Intermediate

Impacts

Global

Impacts

Results

(Outcomes)

Specific

Impacts

Output

Clusters

Essential Medicines & Equipment

Increased Affordability of Health Care

Social Development

Increased Service Utilization & Intervention Coverage

Reduction in Mortality

Regulation of Private Sector

MDG 8

MDG 4

Enhanced Service Availability & Quality

MDG 4

Institutional Reform

MDG 5

MDG 5

Poverty Reduction

MDG 6

MDG 6

MDG 6

Infrastructure

Improved Health Behaviour

MDG 1

MDG 5

Improved Health Awareness

Education

Reduction in Morbidity & Disability

MDG 6

MDG 6

Economic Growth

Reduced Health Risks

MDG 6

Mitigation of External Risks

MDG 7

Stronger Labour Markets

Health Care Worker Recruitment & Training

Optimal Employment

result outcome indicators
Result (Outcome) Indicators

Results

(Outcomes)

Indicators

Output

Clusters

Essential Medicines & Equipment

Increased Affordability of Health Care

1. Household expenditure (out-of-pocket)

Regulation of Private Sector

2. Qualification of health care workers

3. Well equipped health facilities

4. Access to health facilities

5. Hospital beds

6. Availability to health care workers

7. Availability of drugs

Enhanced Service Availability & Quality

Institutional Reform

Infrastructure

8. Awareness of infant & maternal care

9. Awareness of HIV/AIDS

10. Awareness of water borne diseases

Improved Health Awareness

Education

Mitigation of External Risks

Health Care Worker Recruitment & Training

Optimal Employment

11. Employment in health sector

specific impact indicators24
Specific Impact Indicators

Results

(Outcomes)

Specific

Impacts

Indicators

Output

Clusters

12. Antenatal care coverage

13. Births attended by skilled personal

14. Child immunisation

15. Family planning

16. Malaria treatment

17. TB detection & treatment

18. Antiretroviral therapy coverage

19. Diarrhoea treatment

20 Child vitamin supplementation

Essential Medicines & Equipment

Increased Affordability of Health Care

Increased Service Utilization & Intervention Coverage

Regulation of Private Sector

Enhanced Service Availability & Quality

Institutional Reform

21. Contraceptive use

22. Malaria prevention

23. Hand washing

24. Road safety

Infrastructure

Improved Health Behaviour

Improved Health Awareness

Education

25. Safe drinking water & basic sanitation

26. Food safety

27. Air pollution

Reduced

Health Risks

Mitigation of External Risks

Health Care Worker Recruitment & Training

Optimal Employment

intermediate impact indicators25
Intermediate Impact Indicators

Intermediate

Impacts

Results

(Outcomes)

Specific

Impacts

Output

Clusters

Indicators

Essential Medicines & Equipment

Increased Affordability of Health Care

28. Life expectancy

29. Maternal mortality

30. Child mortality

31. Adult mortality

Increased Service Utilization & Intervention Coverage

Reduction in Mortality

Regulation of Private Sector

Enhanced Service Availability & Quality

Institutional Reform

Infrastructure

Improved Health Behaviour

Improved Health Awareness

32. Spread of HIV/AIDS

33. Spread of malaria

34. Spread of TB

35. Disability levels

Education

Reduction in Morbidity & Disability

Reduced

Health Risks

Mitigation of External Risks

Stronger Labour Markets

Health Care Worker Recruitment & Training

Optimal Employment

list of key indicators with examples26

Affordability Outcome Indicators

1. Household expenditure (out-of-pocket)

List of Key Indicators (with examples)

17. TB detection and treatment

18. Antiretroviral therapy coverage

19. Diarrhoea treatment

20 Child vitamin supplementation

Service Availability & Quality Outcome Indicators

2. Qualification of health care workers

3. Well equipped health facilities

4. Access to health facilities

5. Hospital beds

6. Availability to health care workers

7. Availability of drugs

Health Behaviour Specific Impact Indicators

21. Contraceptive use

22. Malaria prevention

23. Hand washing

24. Road safety

Health Risks Specific Impact Indicators

25. Safe drinking water and basic sanitation

26. Food safety

27. Air pollution

Health Awareness Outcome Indicators

8. Awareness of infant and maternal care

9. Awareness of HIV/AIDS

10. Awareness of water borne diseases

Mortality Intermediate Impact Indicators

28. Life expectancy

29. Maternal mortality

30. Child mortality

31. Adult mortality

Employment Outcome Indicator

11. Employment in health sector

Service Utilization & Intervention Coverage Specific Impact Indicators

12. Antenatal care coverage

13. Births attended by skilled personal

14. Child immunisation

15. Family planning

16. Malaria treatment

Morbidity & Disability Intermediate Impact Indicators

32. Spread of HIV/AIDS

33. Spread of malaria

34. Spread of TB

35. Disability levels

water sanitation intervention logic
Water & Sanitation Intervention Logic

Economic Intervention Logic

Public Health Intervention Logic

Water and Sanitation: Intervention Logic

Sustainable Eco-System Intervention Logic

Global

Impacts

Intermediate

Impacts

Specific

Impacts

Output

Clusters

Outcomes

Improved Conservation & Preservation of Water

Reduced vulnerability of Ecosystem to climatic events

Environment

Sustainable National Water Supply

MDG 7

Improved Use of Water & Sanitation

Improved Conditions for Economic Growth

Economic Growth

Economic

Increased Employment

Improved Water & Sanitation Health & Hygiene Behavior

Poverty Reduction

Education

MDG 1

Improved Quality of Water & Sanitation

Social Development

Increased Access to Water

Institutional Reform

Reduced Rate of Water Related Diseases

Greater Equity in Allocation of

Water & Sanitation

MDG 7

MDG 4

Increased Access to Basic Sanitation

Improved Health

Infrastructure (construction/ maintenance)

Increased Affordability of Water & Sanitation

slide29

Water and Sanitation: Public Health Intervention Logic

Global

Impacts

Intermediate

Impacts

Specific

Impacts

Outcomes

Output

Clusters

  • Indicators
  • Water and sanitation hygiene awareness
  • Domestic access to safe water
  • Access to basic sanitation
  • Indicators
  • Pollution of water and soil
  • Treatment of waste water
  • Equity in domestic water and sanitation allocation
  • Household expenditure on water and sanitation

Improved Water & Sanitation Health & Hygiene Behavior

  • Indicator
  • Rate of water borne diseases

Poverty Reduction

Education

Improved Quality of Water & Sanitation

Social Development

Increased Access to Water

Institutional Reform

Reduced Rate of Water Related Diseases

Greater Equity in Allocation of

Water & Sanitation

Increased Access to Basic Sanitation

Improved Health

Infrastructure (construction/ maintenance)

Increased Affordability of Water & Sanitation

slide30

Water and Sanitation: Economic Intervention Logic

Global

Impacts

Intermediate

Impacts

Specific

Impacts

Output

Clusters

Outcomes

  • Indicator
  • Efficiency of production
  • Indicators
  • Irrigation requirements
  • Employment resulting from water and sanitation construction and maintenance
  • Equity in allocation of water between sectors
  • Cost of water for businesses

Improved Use of Water & Sanitation

Improved Conditions for Economic Growth

Economic Growth

Economic

Increased Employment

Poverty Reduction

  • Indicator
  • Business access to water

Social Development

Increased Access to Water

Institutional Reform

Greater Equity in Allocation of

Water & Sanitation

Infrastructure (construction/ maintenance)

Increased Affordability of Water & Sanitation

slide31

Water and Sanitation: Sustainable Eco-System Intervention Logic

Global

Impacts

Specific

Impacts

Intermediate

Impacts

Output

Clusters

Outcomes

  • Indicator
  • Sustainable extraction of water
  • Indicators
  • Availability of water
  • Preservation of water
  • Water leakages
  • Recycling of water

Reduced vulnerability of Ecosystem to climatic events

Environment

Improved Conservation & Preservation of Water

Sustainable National Water Supply

Economic Growth

Education

Improved Use of Water & Sanitation

Poverty Reduction

Institutional Reform

slide32

Specific Impact Indicators

  • Public Health
  • Water and sanitation hygiene awareness
  • - Improved collection and storage of drinking water
  • - Proportion of people hand washing
  • Use of hygienic sanitation facilities
  • Domestic access to safe water (inc. time savings)
  • - Households connected to water network for x months of year
  • - Households within 1km of safe water for x months of year
  • Households who receive more than 20 litres of water per day
  • Access to basic sanitation
  • Number of people with access to basic sanitation
  • Economy
  • Business access to water
  • - x% of agricultural water needs meet for x months of the year
  • x% of industrial water needs meet for x months of the year
  • Outcome Indicators
  • Public Health
  • Pollution of water and soil
  • Levels of chemicals, minerals, metals, pesticides etc in soil and water
  • Treatment of waste water
  • Proportion of domestic, agricultural and industrial waste water that is treated before being discharged
  • Equity in domestic water and sanitation allocation
  • - Rate of connection to water/sanitation network for slums/shanty towns compared to national average
  • Level of rural poor connection to water/sanitation network compared to national average
  • Household expenditure on water and sanitation
  • x% of household expenditure on water and sanitation by each income group in society
  • Economy
  • Irrigation requirements
  • Amount of water needed to produce xm² of x food
  • Employment resulting from water and sanitation construction and maintenance
  • Number of people directly and indirectly employed in water and sanitation construction and maintenance projects
  • Equity in allocation of water between sectors
  • Implementation of transparent public/private mechanisms to allocate water
  • Cost of water for businesses
  • - Water as a x% cost of agricultural value
  • Water as a x% cost of industrial value
  • Sustainable Eco-System
  • Availability of water
  • Change in water levels for lakes, rivers and water table
  • Preservation of water
  • Area of protected wetlands, lakes and rivers
  • Water leakages
  • % of water lost through water systems due to leakages
  • Recycling of water
  • - Amount of sanitation water that is recycled
  • Amount of water used in industry that is recycled
  • Specific/ Intermediate Impact Indicators
  • Economy
  • Business productivity
  • - x% change in food production/yield and processing costs
  • x% change in industrial production costs
  • Intermediate Impact Indicators
  • Public Health
  • Rate of water borne diseases
  • Inflection rates for diseases such as diarrhoea, intestinal worms, parasitic infections etc.
  • Sustainable Eco-System
  • Sustainable extraction of water
  • Annual extraction of from surface and ground water, in relation to its minimum annual recharge (i.e. water balance sheet)
agriculture rural development intervention logic
Agriculture & Rural Development Intervention Logic

Efficient Employment

Non-Farm

Agri-Labour

Improved Access

Markets

Farm Inputs

Information Services

Capital

Specific

Impacts

Global

Impacts

Intermediate

Impacts

Output

Clusters

Outcomes

Higher Rural Income

Mitigating Agricultural Price Volatility

Economic Growth

Provision of Public Goods

Increased Profitability of Rural Business

Poverty Reduction

MDG’s 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 & 7

Increased Productivity

Increased Affordability of & Subsistence in Food

MDG 1

Greater Food Security

Increased Production

Increased

Trade

MDG 1

Enabling Economic & Regulatory Environment

Social Development

Improved Quality of Products

Better Management of Natural Resources

Improved Environmental Sustainability

MDG 7

agriculture based economies 1
Agriculture Based Economies (1)
  • Identified by:
  • Agriculture provides basis for growth
  • (i.e. contributes over 30% of GDP)
  • 70% of poor live in rural areas
  • Typical areas:
  • Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Regions within India & Mexico
  • Intervention focus:
  • Improve smallholder competitiveness
  • Ensure livelihoods and food security
agriculture based economies 2
Agriculture Based Economies (2)

Improved Access

Markets

Farm Inputs

Information Services

Capital

Specific

Impacts

Global

Impacts

Intermediate

Impacts

Output

Clusters

Outcomes

EfficientEmployment

Higher Rural Income

Non-Farm

Mitigating Agricultural Price Volatility

Economic Growth

Agri-Labour

Provision of Public Goods

Increased Profitability of Rural Business

Smallholder farming

Poverty Reduction

Increased Productivity

Livelihoods & Food Security

Increased Affordability of & Subsistence in Food

Greater Food Security

Increased Production

Increased

Trade

Enabling Economic & Regulatory Environment

Social Development

Improved Quality of Products

Better Management of Natural Resources

Improved Environmental Sustainability

transforming economies 1
Transforming Economies (1)
  • Identified by:
  • Agriculture no longer driver of growth (i.e. 7% of GDP) with rising urban-rural poverty gap
  • 82% of poor live in rural areas
  • Typical areas:
  • South/East Asia (e.g. China, India)
  • Middle East and North Africa (e.g. Morocco)
  • Intervention focus:
  • Comprehensive approach and multiple pathways out of poverty to reduce the urban-rural divide
  • shifting to high-value agriculture
  • decentralising non-farm economic activities to rural areas
transforming economies 2
Transforming Economies (2)

Improved Access

Markets

Farm Inputs

Information Services

Capital

Specific

Impacts

Global

Impacts

Intermediate

Impacts

Output

Clusters

Outcomes

EfficientEmployment

Address Rural-Urban Income Disparity

Increase non-farm employment

Higher Rural Income

Non-Farm

Mitigating Agricultural Price Volatility

Economic Growth

Agri-Labour

Provision of Public Goods

Increased Profitability of Rural Business

Poverty Reduction

Increased Productivity

Increased Affordability of & Subsistence in Food

Greater Food Security

Increased Production

Increased

Trade

Enabling Economic & Regulatory Environment

Shift to High Value Agriculture

Social Development

Improved Quality of Products

Better Management of Natural Resources

Improved Environmental Sustainability

urban based economies 1
Urban-Based Economies (1)
  • Identified by:
  • Small agriculture sector (i.e. less than 0.5% of GDP) with high urban poverty
  • 45% of poor live in rural areas
  • Typical areas:
  • Latin America
  • Central Asia
  • Intervention focus:
  • Link farmers to modern food markets
  • Improve quality of agri-business and food industry
  • Introduce market for environmental services
urban based economies 2
Urban-Based Economies (2)

Improved Access

Markets

Farm Inputs

Information Services

Capital

Specific

Impacts

Global

Impacts

Intermediate

Impacts

Output

Clusters

Outcomes

EfficientEmployment

Higher Rural Income

Non-Farm

Mitigating Agricultural Price Volatility

Economic Growth

Agri-Labour

Provision of Public Goods

Increased Profitability of Rural Business

Poverty Reduction

Increased Productivity

Increased Affordability of & Subsistence in Food

Greater Food Security

Increased Production

Increased

Trade

Enabling Economic & Regulatory Environment

Social Development

Improved Quality of Products

Link farmers to modern food markets

Better Management of Natural Resources

Improved Environmental Sustainability

Market for environmental services

outcome indicators 141
Outcome Indicators (1)

Improved Access

Markets

Farm Inputs

Information Services

Capital

Output

Clusters

Indicators

Outcomes

  • Support for consumers vulnerable to short-term food price changes
  • Support for farmers vulnerable to short-term food price changes

Mitigating Agricultural Price Volatility

Provision of Public Goods

  • Access to road transportation
  • Access to land
  • Access to water
  • Access to seeds and fertilisers
  • Access to improved breeds of animals/fish
  • Access to extension services
  • Access to information on market

Enabling Economic & Regulatory Environment

  • Availability of credit
  • Investment in rural areas
  • Establishing a rural business
  • Preservation of natural resources
  • Sustainable management practices
  • Environmental services

Better Management of Natural Resources

outcome indicators 242
Outcome Indicators (2)

Improved Access

Markets

Farm Inputs

Information Services

Capital

Output

Clusters

Outcomes

Indicators

EfficientEmployment

16. Non-farm employment

Non-Farm

Mitigating Agricultural Price Volatility

17. Agriculture labour employment

Agri-Labour

Provision of Public Goods

  • Land productivity
  • Labour productivity
  • Capital productivity

Increased Productivity

  • Production
  • Type of production/diversification

Increased Production

Enabling Economic & Regulatory Environment

Improved Quality of Products

23. International marketing standards

Better Management of Natural Resources

specific impact indicators43
Specific Impact Indicators

Improved Access

Markets

Farm Inputs

Information Services

Capital

Output

Clusters

Outcomes

Indicators

Efficient Employment

24. Agricultural prices

25. Growth in agricultural businesses

26. Growth in rural non-farm businesses

Non-Farm

Mitigating Agricultural Price Volatility

Agri-Labour

Provision of Public Goods

Increased Profitability of Rural Business

Increased Productivity

Increased Affordability of & Subsistence in Food

27. Affordability of food

28. Subsistence in food

Increased Production

29. Agricultural trade

30. Rural non-farm trade

Increased

Trade

Enabling Economic & Regulatory Environment

Improved Quality of Products

Better Management of Natural Resources

intermediate impact indicators44
Intermediate Impact Indicators

Improved Access

Markets

Farm Inputs

Information Services

Capital

Output

Clusters

Indicators

Outcomes

Efficient Employment

Higher Rural Income

31. Rural Income

Non-Farm

Mitigating Agricultural Price Volatility

Agri-Labour

Provision of Public Goods

Increased Profitability of Rural Business

Increased Productivity

Increased Affordability of & Subsistence in Food

Greater Food Security

32. Undernourishment

Increased Production

Increased

Trade

33. Land sustainability

34. Sustainable extraction of water

35. Adapting to climate change

Enabling Economic & Regulatory Environment

Improved Quality of Products

Better Management of Natural Resources

Improved Environmental Sustainability

list of key indicators with examples45
List of Key Indicators (with examples)

Production Outcome Indicators

21. Production

22. Type of production/diversification

Quality Outcome Indicators

23. International marketing standards

  • Price Volatility Outcome Indicators
  • 1. Consumer vulnerability to short-term price changes
  • 2. Farmer vulnerability to short-term price changes
  • Improved Access Outcome Indicators
  • 3. Access to road transportation
  • 4. Access to land
  • 5. Access to water
  • 6. Access to seeds and fertilisers
  • 7. Access to improved breeds of animals/fish
  • 8. Access to extension services
  • 9. Access to information on markets
  • 10. Availability of credit
  • 11. Investment in rural areas
  • 12. Establishing a rural business
  • Natural Resource Outcome Indicators
  • 13. Preservation of natural resources
  • 14. Sustainable management practices
  • 15. Environmental services
  • Employment Outcome Indicators
  • 16. Non-farm employment
  • 17. Agricultural labour
  • Productivity Outcome Indicators
  • 18. Land productivity
  • 19. Labour productivity
  • 20. Capital productivity

Profitability Specific Impact Indicators

24. Agricultural prices

25. Growth in agricultural businesses

26. Growth in rural non-farm businesses

Affordability/Subsistence Specific Impact Indicators

27. Affordability of food

28. Subsistence in food

Trade Specific Impact Indicators

29. Agricultural trade

30. Rural non-farm trade

Rural Income Intermediate Impact Indicators

31. Rural income

Food Security Intermediate Impact Indicators

32. Undernourishment

Environment Sustainability Intermediate Impact Indicators

33. Land sustainability

34. Sustainable extraction of water

35. Adapting to climate change