Lecture 1 Tourism in Perspective (Part 1). What is Tourism?.
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Tourism in Perspective (Part 1)
Length of time spent
Purpose of the trip
1. International Tourism:
“Inbound tourism”:Visits to a country by nonresidents
“Outbound tourism”:Visits by residents of a country to another country
2. Internal tourism:Visits by residents and nonresidents of the country of reference
3. Domestic tourism: visits by residents of a country to their own country
4. National Tourism: Internal tourism plus outbound tourism
Persons who travel for a period not exceeding twelve months to a country other than the one in which they generally reside and whose main purpose is other than the exercise of an activity remunerated from within the place visited.
Persons who travel to a destination within their own country, that is outside their usual environment for a period not exceeding twelve months.
Visitors who don’t spend the night in a collective or private accommodation in the country visited (stay less than 24 hours)–For example, a cruise ship passenger spending four hours in a port or day trippers visiting an attraction.
Visitors who stay in the country visited for at least one night-for example, a visitor on a two-week vacation.
Other Travelers excluded:
facilities, events, activities, and programs that will distinguish a given destination, thus making it uniquely attractive to the tourist.
Any given destination is primarily characterized by:
the nature and appearance of its landscape.
The kind of weather it has over a period of years; i.e., the conditions of heat and cold, moisture and dryness, and wind.
Those who "belong" to the destination (its residents)
Those who are current or potential visitors to the destination (the tourism market).
Such basic things as roads, sewage systems, communication networks, and many commercial facilities (supermarkets and retail stores)
Those facilities that have been developed especially to respond to the demands of visitors (hotels, restaurants, conference centers, car rentals & major attractions)
Jet aircraft, massive invasion of telecommunications technology, linked closely with computer technology, have a dramatic impact on the tourism phenomenon.
Overall system of governance:
Airlines, bus companies, and so on tends to typify the movement of people and travel.
Hilton, Marriott, Sheraton, Best Western, and so on, is highly visible to the public.
world-famous fast-food chains (McDonald's, Pizza Hut, Burger King, KFC), internationally known gourmet restaurants such as Maxim's in Paris.
Disneyland/ WaIt Disney World, Louvre museum in Paris, the pyramids in Egypt, the Acropolis in Athens; Greece, and Niagara Falls in Canada.
Oktoberfest in Munich, Germany; the Calgary Stampede in Canada; the Mardi Gras of New Orleans and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; the Boston Marathon; and the Super Bowl in the United States; World Cup Soccer and the International Summer and Winter Olympic Games.
Golfing, skiing, snowboarding, white-water rafting, parasailing, hang gliding, mountain biking, and mountaineering.
Travel trade & Tourism services:
we "do the right things" as that we "do things right.“
1. Public Sector (governments)
2. Private Sector