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Final Review. Map Skills. Mesopotamia. Canaan/Israel. Ancient Egypt. Ancient Greece. Ancient Rome. Ancient China. Ancient India. Ancient China. Chinese Society. major religions/philosophies are Buddhism, Legalism, and Daoism Family is most important part of Chinese society

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chinese society
Chinese Society
  • major religions/philosophies are Buddhism, Legalism, and Daoism
  • Family is most important part of Chinese society
  • Chinese Feudal System dominated early China
chinese feudal system
Chinese Feudal System
  • King and Relatives
  • Lords
  • Craftspeople
  • Traders
  • Farmers and Peasants
  • Slaves
shang dynasty
Shang Dynasty
  • Bronze (mixing tin and copper) weapons gave them an advantage
  • United the clans of China
  • Jade jewelry and sculptures
  • Ancestor worship
  • Logographs
qin dynasty
Qin Dynasty
  • Built the Great Wall
  • Ended Feudalism
  • Followed Legalism
  • Persecuted followers of Confucianism
  • Common laws, language, and currency throughout China
  • Ended feudalism
  • 6,000 Terra Cotta soldiers in emperor’s tomb
han dynasty
Han Dynasty
  • Golden Age of China
  • Stable Government
  • Use of the Silk Road for trade and spreading of culture and ideas
  • Invented the bamboo drill, compass, silk loom, crossbow, kites, and seismography
  • Acupuncture, anesthesia, and astronomy
greece geography
Greece (Geography)
  • Steep Rocky Mountains
    • Travel/communication was difficult
    • Isolated communities
    • Robbers/bandits in the mountains
  • Greece is a peninsula
    • Seaside communities depended on seas for a living
    • Seaside communities became excellent at fishing and shipbuilding
greece government
Greece (Government)
  • Order
    • 1. Monarchy
    • 2. Oligarchy
    • 3. Tyranny
    • 4. Democracy
greece government19
Greece (Government)
  • Monarchy
    • Led by a king
    • King made the laws
    • King’s oldest son took over when he died
    • Advised by the Aristocrats
greece government20
Greece (Government)
  • Oligarchy
    • Led by a group of aristocrats
    • Small council made the laws that favored the rich
    • Rich became richer/poor became poor
greece government21
Greece (Government)
  • Tyranny
    • Led by a one person called a tyrant
    • Tyrant overthrew the oligarchy with military force
    • Promised better treatment of the poor
    • Eventually replaced by direct democracy
greece government22
Greece (Government)
  • Direct Democracy
  • eligible male citizen voted on every issue
  • Council of 500 chosen by random drawing to determine issues to vote on
greece family life
Greece (Family Life)
  • Athens
    • Education mostly boys in math, science, LA, public speaking
    • Women ran the household but had few rights
  • Sparta
    • Education for boys and girls in military training
    • Women had many of the same rights as men
greece religion
Greece (Religion)
  • Gods influenced every aspect of their lives (seas, harvest, wine,).
  • Olympic Games started to honor Greek god Zeus
  • Plays, drama, and theater were usually stories about one of the Greek gods/heroes
  • Greek gods adopted and changed by the Romans
greece persian wars
Greece (Persian Wars)
  • Greece Vs. Persia
  • Athens came to aid of Ionia colonies/angered Persians
  • All of Greece banded together and used better strategy to defeat the Persians
  • Four Main Battles:
    • Marathon, Thermopylae, Salamis, and Plataea
greece contributions
Greece (Contributions)
  • Homer: wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey
  • Three Philosophers:
    • Socrates
      • Greatest speaker of the Agora
      • taught using questions
      • Teacher of Plato
    • Plato:
      • taught using plays, drama, etc..
      • Teacher of Aristotle
    • Aristotle:
      • work in mathematics and science
      • Teacher of Alexander the Great
  • U.S.
    • Democracy
    • Language (alphabet and words)
    • architecture
greece peloponnesian war
Greece (Peloponnesian War)
  • Athens Vs. Sparta
  • Sparta eventually won
  • City-states weak from extended fighting
  • Alexander the Great conquers all of mainland Greece
greece alexander the great
Greece (Alexander the Great)
  • Macedonian son of Phillip II
  • Taught by Aristotle
  • Conquered most of the known world
  • Died in Babylon
  • Empire split apart after his death
  • Accepted other religions and left local leaders in place to foster acceptance/cooperation by the people he conquered
  • Influence on Other Parts of the World
    • spread Greek culture throughout the known world
    • Roman gods
    • Roman architecture
    • Roman writing/stories
    • Philosophy
ancient rome social classes
Ancient Rome (Social Classes)
  • Patrician
    • rich/upper class
    • Owned all the best land
    • Ran the government
    • Passed laws that favored the rich
    • Lived on large estates/villas in the country
  • Plebeian
    • Poor/lower class
    • Lived in small wooden apartments in the city
    • Unemployed or worked for rich
    • Some owned their own shops
    • Small farms in the country
  • Slaves
    • Hundreds of thousands from wars
    • Took many jobs away from the Plebeians
    • Forced to fight in the Gladiator games
ancient rome stages
Ancient Rome (Stages)
  • Republic
    • Elected representatives
    • Run by the Senate with 2 Consuls
    • Produced 12 Tables
    • Eventually included Plebeians in the process
  • Dictatorship
    • Began by Julius Caesar
    • Took over using military force
    • Rome ruled by one person
    • Assassinated by Roman Senate
      • sent Rome into Civil War
      • led to the 1st Roman emperor
  • Empire/Emperor
    • Caesar Augustus: 1st Emperor
      • Started the Pax Romana (woo year period of peace throughout the Roman Empire)
    • Absolute authority in Rome
    • Eventually was viewed as a god by the Romans
    • Pax Romana was a 200 year period of peace throughout the Roman Empire
ancient rome punic wars
Ancient Rome (Punic Wars)
  • 3 Wars fought between Rome and Carthage
    • Hannibal
      • most famous Carthage General
      • Used elephants
    • Roman victory led to control of the entire Mediterranean Sea region
rome government
Rome (Government)
  • Senate
    • Formed by Patricians
    • Made all laws for Rome
    • Laws favored the Rich over the poor
  • Plebeians
    • Not allowed to participate for many years
    • Eventually won the right to pass and veto laws
  • Consul
    • 2 elected Patricians that ran the Senate
  • 12 Tables: first written code of laws
rome miscellaneous
Rome (Miscellaneous)
  • Achievements
    • Roads throughout the empire
    • Aqueducts for moving water
    • Arches for construction
rome miscellaneous35
Rome (Miscellaneous)
  • Influences
    • U.S:
      • Senate is part of the Legislative Branch
      • Rule of Law
      • Trial by jury of your peers
    • Rule of Law
rome miscellaneous36
Rome (Miscellaneous)
  • Entertainment
    • Coliseum: Gladiator Games
    • Circus Maximus: Chariot Races
    • Forum: center of activity in Rome
rome miscellaneous37
Rome (Miscellaneous)
  • Christianity
    • Persecuted by many Roman emperors
    • Constantine
      • Converted to Christianity
      • Made Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire
      • Moved capital of Rome to Constantinople
rome decline
Rome (Decline)
  • Legal system was unfair
  • Emperors were above the law
  • People became complacent/lazy because of the “Bread and Circus”
  • Senate and other government officials were dishonest and corrupt
  • Outside invaders successfully attacked or conquered Roman Empire
    • Britannia: Rome withdraws (410 A.D.)
    • Huns capture Spain (452 A.D.)
    • Germanic Tribes conquer Rome (476 A.D.)
    • Barber Wars (536 A.D.)
    • Black Plague (1347 A.D.)
    • Ottoman Empire (1461 A.D.)