1 / 38

Final Review

Final Review. Map Skills. Mesopotamia. Canaan/Israel. Ancient Egypt. Ancient Greece. Ancient Rome. Ancient China. Ancient India. Ancient China. Chinese Society. major religions/philosophies are Buddhism, Legalism, and Daoism Family is most important part of Chinese society

Download Presentation

Final Review

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. Content is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only. Download presentation by click this link. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server. During download, if you can't get a presentation, the file might be deleted by the publisher.


Presentation Transcript

  1. Final Review

  2. Map Skills

  3. Mesopotamia

  4. Canaan/Israel

  5. Ancient Egypt

  6. Ancient Greece

  7. Ancient Rome

  8. Ancient China

  9. Ancient India

  10. Ancient China

  11. Chinese Society • major religions/philosophies are Buddhism, Legalism, and Daoism • Family is most important part of Chinese society • Chinese Feudal System dominated early China

  12. Chinese Feudal System • King and Relatives • Lords • Craftspeople • Traders • Farmers and Peasants • Slaves

  13. Shang Dynasty • Bronze (mixing tin and copper) weapons gave them an advantage • United the clans of China • Jade jewelry and sculptures • Ancestor worship • Logographs

  14. Qin Dynasty • Built the Great Wall • Ended Feudalism • Followed Legalism • Persecuted followers of Confucianism • Common laws, language, and currency throughout China • Ended feudalism • 6,000 Terra Cotta soldiers in emperor’s tomb

  15. Han Dynasty • Golden Age of China • Stable Government • Use of the Silk Road for trade and spreading of culture and ideas • Invented the bamboo drill, compass, silk loom, crossbow, kites, and seismography • Acupuncture, anesthesia, and astronomy

  16. Ancient Greece

  17. Greece (Geography) • Steep Rocky Mountains • Travel/communication was difficult • Isolated communities • Robbers/bandits in the mountains • Greece is a peninsula • Seaside communities depended on seas for a living • Seaside communities became excellent at fishing and shipbuilding

  18. Greece (Government) • Order • 1. Monarchy • 2. Oligarchy • 3. Tyranny • 4. Democracy

  19. Greece (Government) • Monarchy • Led by a king • King made the laws • King’s oldest son took over when he died • Advised by the Aristocrats

  20. Greece (Government) • Oligarchy • Led by a group of aristocrats • Small council made the laws that favored the rich • Rich became richer/poor became poor

  21. Greece (Government) • Tyranny • Led by a one person called a tyrant • Tyrant overthrew the oligarchy with military force • Promised better treatment of the poor • Eventually replaced by direct democracy

  22. Greece (Government) • Direct Democracy • eligible male citizen voted on every issue • Council of 500 chosen by random drawing to determine issues to vote on

  23. Greece (Family Life) • Athens • Education mostly boys in math, science, LA, public speaking • Women ran the household but had few rights • Sparta • Education for boys and girls in military training • Women had many of the same rights as men

  24. Greece (Religion) • Gods influenced every aspect of their lives (seas, harvest, wine,). • Olympic Games started to honor Greek god Zeus • Plays, drama, and theater were usually stories about one of the Greek gods/heroes • Greek gods adopted and changed by the Romans

  25. Greece (Persian Wars) • Greece Vs. Persia • Athens came to aid of Ionia colonies/angered Persians • All of Greece banded together and used better strategy to defeat the Persians • Four Main Battles: • Marathon, Thermopylae, Salamis, and Plataea

  26. Greece (Contributions) • Homer: wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey • Three Philosophers: • Socrates • Greatest speaker of the Agora • taught using questions • Teacher of Plato • Plato: • taught using plays, drama, etc.. • Teacher of Aristotle • Aristotle: • work in mathematics and science • Teacher of Alexander the Great • U.S. • Democracy • Language (alphabet and words) • architecture

  27. Greece (Peloponnesian War) • Athens Vs. Sparta • Sparta eventually won • City-states weak from extended fighting • Alexander the Great conquers all of mainland Greece

  28. Greece (Alexander the Great) • Macedonian son of Phillip II • Taught by Aristotle • Conquered most of the known world • Died in Babylon • Empire split apart after his death • Accepted other religions and left local leaders in place to foster acceptance/cooperation by the people he conquered • Influence on Other Parts of the World • spread Greek culture throughout the known world • Roman gods • Roman architecture • Roman writing/stories • Philosophy

  29. Ancient Rome

  30. Ancient Rome (Social Classes) • Patrician • rich/upper class • Owned all the best land • Ran the government • Passed laws that favored the rich • Lived on large estates/villas in the country • Plebeian • Poor/lower class • Lived in small wooden apartments in the city • Unemployed or worked for rich • Some owned their own shops • Small farms in the country • Slaves • Hundreds of thousands from wars • Took many jobs away from the Plebeians • Forced to fight in the Gladiator games

  31. Ancient Rome (Stages) • Republic • Elected representatives • Run by the Senate with 2 Consuls • Produced 12 Tables • Eventually included Plebeians in the process • Dictatorship • Began by Julius Caesar • Took over using military force • Rome ruled by one person • Assassinated by Roman Senate • sent Rome into Civil War • led to the 1st Roman emperor • Empire/Emperor • Caesar Augustus: 1st Emperor • Started the Pax Romana (woo year period of peace throughout the Roman Empire) • Absolute authority in Rome • Eventually was viewed as a god by the Romans • Pax Romana was a 200 year period of peace throughout the Roman Empire

  32. Ancient Rome (Punic Wars) • 3 Wars fought between Rome and Carthage • Hannibal • most famous Carthage General • Used elephants • Roman victory led to control of the entire Mediterranean Sea region

  33. Rome (Government) • Senate • Formed by Patricians • Made all laws for Rome • Laws favored the Rich over the poor • Plebeians • Not allowed to participate for many years • Eventually won the right to pass and veto laws • Consul • 2 elected Patricians that ran the Senate • 12 Tables: first written code of laws

  34. Rome (Miscellaneous) • Achievements • Roads throughout the empire • Aqueducts for moving water • Arches for construction

  35. Rome (Miscellaneous) • Influences • U.S: • Senate is part of the Legislative Branch • Rule of Law • Trial by jury of your peers • Rule of Law

  36. Rome (Miscellaneous) • Entertainment • Coliseum: Gladiator Games • Circus Maximus: Chariot Races • Forum: center of activity in Rome

  37. Rome (Miscellaneous) • Christianity • Persecuted by many Roman emperors • Constantine • Converted to Christianity • Made Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire • Moved capital of Rome to Constantinople

  38. Rome (Decline) • Legal system was unfair • Emperors were above the law • People became complacent/lazy because of the “Bread and Circus” • Senate and other government officials were dishonest and corrupt • Outside invaders successfully attacked or conquered Roman Empire • Britannia: Rome withdraws (410 A.D.) • Huns capture Spain (452 A.D.) • Germanic Tribes conquer Rome (476 A.D.) • Barber Wars (536 A.D.) • Black Plague (1347 A.D.) • Ottoman Empire (1461 A.D.)

More Related