POETRY • A type of literature that expresses ideas, feelings, or tells a story in a specific form (usually using lines and stanzas)
POET The poet is the author of the poem. SPEAKER The speaker of the poem is the “narrator” of the poem. POINT OF VIEW IN POETRY
FORM - the appearance of the words on the page LINE - a group of words together on one line of the poem STANZA - a group of lines arranged together A word is dead When it is said, Some say. I say it just Begins to live That day. POETRY FORM
KINDS OF STANZAS Couplet = a two line stanza Triplet (Tercet) = a three line stanza Quatrain = a four line stanza Quintet = a five line stanza Sestet (Sextet) = a six line stanza Septet = a seven line stanza Octave = an eight line stanza
An ancient poetic form. In this form the first letter of each line spells a word or phrase, most often the title or subject of the poem. One word describer: B rave I ntelligent L oving L oud One phrase describer: B oring to talk to I ntelligent when answering questions L aughs too loud at unfunny things L ikes the schools food to much ACROSTIC POEMS
WRITING ACROSTIC POEMS • Use your first name for a one word describer: • Use your middle or last name for a phrase describer:
Acrostic Poems Mr. Pittel (Personally) Manly Rugged Patient Intelligent Truthful Talented Engaging Loud
In concrete poems, the words are arranged to create a picture that relates to the content of the poem. Poetry Is like Flames, Which are Swift and elusive Dodging realization Sparks, like words on the Paper, leap and dance in the Flickering firelight. The fiery Tongues, formless and shifting Shapes, tease the imagination. Yet for those who see, Through their mind’s Eye, they burn Up the page. CONCRETE POEMS
Draw a generic picture of a gingerbread man or girl. Using your personal inventory fill your gingerbread person with information about yourself. WRITING CONCRETE POEMS
A Japanese poem written in three lines Five Syllables Seven Syllables Five Syllables An old silent pond . . . A frog jumps into the pond. Splash! Silence again. HAIKU
HAIKU EXAMPLE Tree That tree is so big Oh, how it sways to and fro Such a big willow
Learning to Write A Haiku • Think of something in nature that you would like to write about, write down a few ideas: • Select one of your ideas and write a thought or sentence about it, using as vivid of words as you can, that has only 5 syllables: • Write something else about the same natural thing that you selected, but this time the line can have 7 syllables. Try to use vivid and descriptive words again: • Select one of your ideas and write a thought or sentence about it, using as vivid of words as you can, that has only 5 syllables: • Now take the three lines that you have written and put them together. You should have exactly 17 syllables and you have just created a haiku, do not forget to give your poem a title:
Limericks • A Limerick is a poetic form that relies heavily on rhythm and rhyme • Rhyme scheme: A A B B A
Limerick Example There once was a girl named Maureen A Who wished she were skinny and lean A But she loved pizza pie, B Pastrami and rye, B And ate till her plate was clean A
Limerick Example There once was a student named Molly Who played in a patch of Holly She did not know, Until the itching started to grow, She knows now she’s allergic O’by golly.
Writing a Limerick • Make sure you follow the A, A, B, B, A rhyme scheme! • There once was a Leprechaun named…. • There once was a student named….
LYRIC • A short poem of songlike quality • Usually written in first person point of view • Expresses an emotion or an idea or describes a scene • Doesn’t tell a story and are often musical
Lyrical Poem I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud" by William Wordsworth I WANDERED lonely as a cloudThat floats on high o'er vales and hills,When all at once I saw a crowd,A host, of golden daffodils; Beside the lake, beneath the trees,Fluttering and dancing in the breeze. Continuous as the stars that shineAnd twinkle on the milky way,They stretched in never-ending lineAlong the margin of a bay:10 Ten thousand saw I at a glance, Tossing their heads in sprightly dance.
Lyrical Poem Dream Deferred HarlemWhat happens to a dream deferred?Does it dry uplike a raisin in the sun?Or fester like a sore-And then run?Does it stink like rotten meat?Or crust and sugar over-like a syrupy sweet? Maybe it just sagslike a heavy load.Or does it explode?
Writing a Lyrical Poem • Write a short six line poem that has a song like beat to it. Try and use an idea you have knowledge about or strong feelings you have towards something. (It will help.)
Unlike metered poetry, free verse poetry does NOT have any repeating patterns of stressed and unstressed syllables. Does NOT have rhyme. Free verse poetry is very conversational - sounds like someone talking with you. A more modern type of poetry. FREE VERSE POETRY
I can! I will!I’m giving up, I’m holding back, There’s nothing left within. I’ll give up now, Just to try again later, Or just come back to it when I can. I think I’m holding on too tight. I’ll leave it: Unfinished, Unfurnished, And undone. I can say: I can’t, I won’t, Or I don’t know how. I’ll say that I’m: Untalented, Unblessed, Even unprepared. But one thing stands Inside my head . . . I REFUSE TO QUIT TRYING! FREE VERSE POETRY
Write a ten line Free Verse Poem on one of the subjects below: Love Friends Family Holiday Happiness Things you dislike Music Your choice: (Ask your teacher if okay!) WRITING A FREE VERSE POEM
A poem that tells a story. Generally longer than the lyric styles of poetry b/c the poet needs to establish characters and a plot. Examples of Narrative Poems “The Raven” “The Highwayman” “Casey at the Bat” “The Walrus and the Carpenter” NARRATIVE POEMS
The Raven Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary,Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten loreWhile I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping,As of some one gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door."Tis some visiter," I muttered, "tapping at my chamber doorOnly this and nothing more." Ah, distinctly I remember it was in the bleak December;And each separate dying ember wrought its ghost upon the floor.Eagerly I wished the morrow; — vainly I had sought to borrowFrom my books surcease of sorrow — sorrow for the lost LenoreFor the rare and radiant maiden whom the angels name LenoreNameless here for evermore. NARRATIVE POEMS Example
Poem starter: Think of an upsetting fight or argument you had with a family member, friend, or romantic partner. What was it about? Write a poem that tells the story of whatever caused the argument. (Write a short Narrative poem about what happened.) If the argument was over a particular event, then you're all set. You have a characters, a setting, action. If the argument was over an ongoing situation (for example, your partner didn't participate enough in child-care), then think of or invent a particular instance of this and write about that. Hint: try not to tell readers your opinion or feelings about the situation or the other person. Instead, show all the details (the "evidence") that will let readers figure this out on their own. For there to be a story, something has to happen or change between the beginning and the end. A happy situation is not a story. It becomes a story when a problem arises that interrupts the main character's happiness. Writing a NARRATIVE POEM
An Ode is a poem that tells in an original way what is good or unique about a person, place, or thing and why the writer likes it so much. ODE POEM
Writing an Ode Poem • Write phrases describing: • What your subject is like • How your subject makes you feel • Why you feel this way • Explain why your subject is important to you • Join some of your phrases into lines for your ode. • Remember they don't have to rhyme! • Revise your lines following these steps: • Take away any lines that are too similar. • Add details to make the reader see, feel, touch, smell your subject • Pick a good opening line or sentence. • Order the remaining lines into their best sequence. • Select a good closing line that clearly expresses your feelings about the subject. • Rewrite your ode in a final draft and add an illustration.