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Mixed Waste – Hazardous Waste. Radioactive Waste NUCP 2311. Mixed Waste. Waste that contains both radioactive and hazardous components. Dual regulatory framework Hazardous: Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) - 1976 Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) OR Authorized States

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Mixed waste hazardous waste

Mixed Waste – Hazardous Waste

Radioactive Waste

NUCP 2311


Mixed waste
Mixed Waste

  • Waste that contains both radioactive and hazardous components.

  • Dual regulatory framework

    • Hazardous: Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) - 1976

      • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

      • OR Authorized States

    • Radioactive: Atomic Energy Act - 1954

      • US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)

      • OR NRC Agreement States

      • OR US Department of Energy (self regulating)

  • RCRA takes precedence over the AEA when the policies are inconsistent.


We know about radioactive waste
We know about Radioactive Waste

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Animal

carcass

Pail






Official definitions epa website
Official Definitions (EPA Website)

  • Hazardous Waste

    • A subset of solid wastes that pose substantial or potential threats to public health or the environment and meet any of the following criteria identified 40 CFR 260 and 261:

      • is specifically listed as a hazardous waste by EPA

      • exhibits one or more of the characteristics of hazardous waste (ignitability, corrosivity, reactivity, and/or toxicity);

      • is generated by the treatment of hazardous waste; or is contained in a hazardous waste.

http://www.epa.gov/radiation/mixed-waste/mw_pg5.htm




Epa hazardous wastes
EPA Hazardous Wastes

Listed Hazardous Waste:

  • “F”- listed

    • nonspecific sources, spent solvents

  • “K”- listed

    • specific industries

  • “P”-listed

    • acutely hazardous

  • “U”- listed

    • unused off-spec

Characteristic Hazardous Waste

  • Ignitability: hazardous because they may ignite, e.g., EPA Haz. No. D001 organic solvents, oxidizers

  • Corrosivity: liquids like strong acids and bases (D002)

  • Reactivity: solids that react violently, e.g., picric acid, peroxides, elemental sodium (D003)

  • Toxicity: based on toxic properties, 8 metals and 32 organic compounds, like As,Hg, PB, Ba,Ag, benzene, chloroform, vinyl chloride.(D004-D0043)


Hazardous waste determination
Hazardous Waste Determination

  • The EPA lists some 400 hazardous wastes. The descriptions are found in 40 CFR Part 261, subpart 261, Sections 261.31-33.

    • (“F” list, “K” list, “P” list, and “U” list).

  • Wastes may also be hazardous if they display any of four characteristics:

    • Ignitability

    • Corrosiveness

    • Reactivity

    • Toxicity (TCLP regulatory levels).




Hazardous waste generator regulatory agencies
HAZARDOUS WASTE GENERATOR REGULATORY AGENCIES:

  • EPA – Environmental Protection Agency

    • http://www.epa.gov

  • OSHA – Occupational Health and Safety Administration

    • http://www.osha.gov

  • DOT – Department of Transportation

    • http://www.hazmat.dot.gov

  • TNRCC – Texas Commission on Environmental Quality

    • http://www.tceq.state.tx.us