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Weed & Seed. Andrea M. Vey, Director, Crime & Disorder Analysis Unit Lawrence Police Department. Weed & Seed. History Components & Definition Requirements Application Process Data Manchester, NH Weed & Seed Strategy. History of Weed & Seed.

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weed seed

Weed & Seed

Andrea M. Vey,

Director, Crime & Disorder Analysis Unit

Lawrence Police Department

weed seed3
Weed & Seed
  • History
  • Components & Definition
  • Requirements
  • Application Process
  • Data
  • Manchester, NH Weed & Seed Strategy
history of weed seed
History of Weed & Seed
  • Created in 1991 by the Department of Justice
    • Currently under the Community Capacity Development Office.
    • Considered a “strategy” more so than a program or project
    • Four Fundamental Principles
      • Collaboration
      • Coordination
      • Community Participation
      • Leveraging of Resources
what is weed seed
What is Weed & Seed?
  • Community-based multi-agency approach to:
      • Law Enforcement,
      • Crime Prevention
      • and Neighborhood Restoration
  • Aims to Prevent, Control and Reduce:
      • Violent Crime
      • Drug Abuse
      • And Gang Activity
what is weed seed6
What is Weed & Seed?
  • Intention: to bring communities and resources together to prevent and control crime while improving the quality of life in neighborhoods
    • In 1991, the pilot program began with 3 sites.
    • In 2005, over 300 neighborhoods had been designated as Weed & Seed sites.
    • Massachusetts = 11 sites
      • Lowell, Lawrence, Boston to name a few.
weed definition
Weed Definition
  • Work to “weed out”
    • violent and property crime,
    • drugs,
    • and in some areas, gangs.
  • Weed out crime by utilizing:
    • overtime patrols,
    • undercover surveillance of drug activity,
    • directed enforcement
    • street sweeps, drug raids, and other tactical activities.
weed definition8
Weed Definition
  • Partnership between:
    • Local, state and federal law enforcement
    • State and federal prosecution agencies
  • Law Enforcement
    • Local, state, and federal agencies
      • cooperation and sharing
        • equipment & manpower
    • Prosecution
      • Some state crimes
        • District Attorney
      • Some federal
        • US Attorney General for State
seed definition
Seed Definition
  • Social service organizations, community restoration groups, residents and others come together to “seed” the community with:
    • Needed programs,
    • Projects,
    • Training,
    • Services,
    • And other things needed by the community to revitalize it.
  • Human services that encompass:
    • Prevention
    • Intervention
    • Treatment
    • Neighborhood revitalization
seed continued
Seed continued…
  • Many areas utilize programs targeted at youth to:
    • decrease drug use and violence
    • increase positive activities and relationships.
  • There is also a focus on:
    • Developing sustainable partnerships
    • Continuation of services after funding ends.
community policing
Community Policing
  • An integral part of the Weed & Seed program
  • Bridges the gap between the tough, aggressive weeding and the softer seeding.
  • Key concepts of Community Engagement & Problem Solving
  • Approval of US Attorney
    • From the state the target area resides in
    • Must sign off on Official Recognition
    • Acts as form of leadership with all law enforcement agencies
    • Leader in pooling resources
    • Additional funding source
  • Designation of at least one Safe Haven
    • One place to serve as a multipurpose service center
  • Several agencies come together to serve the public at one location
  • Steering Committee
    • Made up of members of many organizations
    • Members of organizations who are partners in W&S
    • All attempt to work together to fulfill Strategy
application process
Application Process
  • Sites must first be “designated” by the Executive Office of Weed & Seed
    • prior to applying for any funding.
  • After official designation, sites can apply for funding every year.
    • for a total of 5 years per site.
  • Cities can have multiple Weed & Seed programs running consecutively in different areas.
application process continued
Application Process continued…
  • Designation is a long, extensive process of selecting a target area based on:
    • crime statistics,
    • social needs
    • and neighborhood deterioration
  • Need is shown by utilizing sources such as:
    • Crime Statistics from local police and FBI
    • Census data for social indicators
    • HUD data
    • Individual City Department data
    • And other sources
information data
Information & Data
  • It was necessary to provide large amounts of data about Manchester, NH for designation.
  • Necessary to determine target area.
  • Necessary to justify need for designation and funding.
information data20
Information & Data

Crime Rates in Target Area

  • 50.2% of all calls for service were in the target area
    • but the target area only accounts for about 15% of the population (1999)
  • 80% of drug related offenses
  • about 62% of REPORTED domestic assaults
  • roughly 60% of aggravated assaults
crime rates
Crime Rates

Crime Rate per 100,000 Population

  • 1999 Uniform Crime Report from the FBI
  • Part One crimes
    • Murder, rape, burglary, assault, robbery, larceny, auto theft, and arson.
  • Property Crime
    • Burglary, larceny, auto theft
crime rates22
Crime Rates

Crime Rate per 100,000 Population

  • 1999 Uniform Crime Report from the FBI
  • Violent Crime
    • Murder, rape, robbery and assault
  • Target Area has highest rates of crime in entire city in any category
information data23
Information & Data

Census data

  • Important to understanding social characteristics of the area
  • Population and density info
  • Social indicators, such as:
    • 1990 – 81% renter occupied housing in Target Area
    • 50% for Manchester as a whole
  • Uncharacteristic of New Hampshire
  • Target area even less characteristic of New Hampshire
  • Several races and ethnicities
  • Many languages and dialects spoken
  • Immigrants from many countries

Percent of Families with Female Householder, No Husband Present, And Below the Poverty Level

Source: Census 2000


Percent of Persons 16 to 19 Not Enrolled in School and Not a High School Graduate

Source: Census 2000


Owner Occupied Housing

Renter Occupied Housing

information data29
Information & Data

Health Department Data

  • 45% of MHD investigated complaints between 1990 and 2000 were in the Target Area

as well as:

    • 47% of childhood lead poisoning
    • 49% of insanitary living conditions

The local police and US Census Bureau are not the only agencies with data that can be mapped.


Many factors contribute to crime.

There is no one cause of crime, and therefore, no one solution.

information data32
Information & Data
  • The combination of information and data from the stated sources, as well as many others, significantly justified a need for directed action in the Target Area.

Weed & Seed


Target Area

Weed & Seed is required to take place in a designated area of a city

manchester weed seed
Manchester Weed & Seed
  • Work on obtaining official designation began in the Fall of 2000.
  • Created a Steering Committee composed of:
    • law enforcement,
    • social service organizations,
    • city officials,
    • community groups,
    • business leaders,
    • and very importantly residents

convened to determine problems to be addressed and methods to address those problems

manchester weed seed35
Manchester Weed & Seed
  • Manchester applied for Official Designation in July of 2001.
  • In October of 2002, Manchester received its first funding award of $225,000.
  • Manchester is the first city in New Hampshire to receive this funding.
weed seed committees
Weed & Seed Committees
  • Subcommittees were created from the Steering committee to include
    • Needs Assessment & Evaluation
    • Law Enforcement ( Weeding )
    • Community Policing
    • Safe Haven Coordination
    • Prevention, Intervention and Treatment (PIT)
    • Community Restoration
    • Planning
  • Each subcommittee is responsible for driving forward different portions of the Strategy.
importance of data
Importance of Data
  • Design Strategy around information
  • Cater programs around needs of residents
  • Recruit organizations who specialize in needs of community
program development
Program Development
  • Children in Poverty
    • Work with labor department or job training agencies
    • Manchester - MCRC
      • Job training and placement, especially for non-English speaking residents
    • Childcare at reduced cost or free
      • More money for necessities
program development39
Program Development
  • High Renter-Occupied housing
    • Absentee landlords Huge problem
      • Let any one stay on property
    • Criminals create problems for respectable neighbors
  • Landlord training from Weed & Seed
    • Help good landlords become better
      • Explain options for getting bad tenants out
    • Put bad landlords on notice
      • Civil and criminal sanctions to force improvement
program development40
Program Development
  • High number of ESL students
  • Not learning English at home
  • Services for learning English
  • Assistance in finding services despite language barrier
  • Cultural competency training for service providers
    • Understand population they are serving
manchester weed seed strategy
Manchester Weed & Seed Strategy
  • Focuses on 8 specific priorities
  • Two in the Weed category:
    • Reduce the use and distribution of illegal drugs
    • Reduce violence and increase street safety
manchester weed seed strategy42
Manchester Weed & Seed Strategy

Six in the Seed category

  • Develop additional programming and support for older teens
  • Develop a culturally competent community and offer inclusive services
  • Increase Safe Haven


manchester weed seed strategy43
Manchester Weed & Seed Strategy
  • Seed category continued…
    • Increase childcare availability and youth activities
    • Improve physical environment, increase civic capital and create a more positive neighborhood image
    • Increase community awareness of Weed & Seed activities
manchester strategy development
Manchester Strategy Development
  • Community Needs Assessment
    • Community Survey
    • Many Samples Available
      • Through Weed & Seed
      • Community Policing publications
    • Learn the community needs directly from residents
      • Cater strategy to fill those needs
asset mapping
Asset Mapping
  • Find out available resources in the area.
    • Health Services
    • Youth Organizations
    • Treatment Centers
    • And others
  • Compare needs to resources
  • Utilize funding to fill in gaps

Asset Maps cover many

services from health

agencies to youth services.

Gives a broad picture of

many things available to



The Seeding portion of

the grant can fund

services or programs that

are needed or lacking in

the Target Area.

Asset Mapping also

allows Weed & Seed

planners to see other

potential partners.


While a long term strategy

can address many

problems, new ones,

like Graffiti

can pop up at any time.

  • Weed & Seed cannot be successful without many agencies contributing:
    • Expertise
    • Resources
    • And Manpower
  • Weed & Seed facilitates partnership with many agencies.
agency partners
Agency Partners

United States Attorney’s Office The Mayor’s Office Pigeon’s Market

Manchester Police Department Youthbuild Alderman Lopez

Manchester Community Resource Center The Salvation Army NH State Police

Hispanic/Latino Community Services Manchester Academy YWCA

Manchester Police Athletic League NH Drug Task Force YMCA

Daniel Webster Council of the Boy Scouts Manchester Schools Girls, Inc

Child Health Services Manchester Housing DEA

Friends of the Valley Street Cemetery Southern NH University City Planning

Manchester Transit Authority Minority Health Coalition Info Bank

Manchester Health Department UNH Cooperative Extension The Way Home

St. Augustin’s Outreach Team Boys & Girls Club Makin’ It Happen

Hillsborough County Attorney Latin American Center Fashion Cleaners

Manchester Parks and Recreation NH Probation & Parole

Hillsborough County Sheriff’s Office Manchester Neighborhood Housing

Child and Family ServicesOffice of Youth Services


By understanding crime trends in the Target Area, Police and the Community can work together to address problems.

For Burglaries, Police can concentrate on investigations and increased patrols and community groups can distribute crime prevention materials and organize community watch groups.


For issues of Domestic Violence, Weed & Seed can fund advocates for victims or sponsor informational seminars for residents.

Manchester utilizes funds to pay for police overtime to focus on serving warrants and presenting safety seminars at community organizations

weed seed activities
Weed & Seed Activities

Community Oriented Government

  • Public meetings in neighborhoods with residents and representatives of city departments.
  • Gives city reps. a chance to hear residents’ concerns and take information back to own departments.
  • Residents have ability to voice concerns and participate in making changes in neighborhoods.
weed seed activities54
Weed & Seed Activities

Community Enhancement Teams

  • Absentee landlords are a big problem in the Target Area.
  • Representative of city departments, like Police and Building Dept., target specific properties that are unfit, dilapidated, or dangerous.
  • Owners are “hit” from all side of government in an effort to force improvement.
  • Residents see City holding owners responsible for property.
weed seed activities55
Weed & Seed Activities

Cultural Competency Training

  • Gives agencies that serve the target area a chance to understand and better serve the diverse people who reside there.
  • Increases understanding between cultures, races and ethnicities.
  •  Improves outreach capabilities by recognizing issues with different cultures towards:
    • health care,
    • crime and enforcement
    • and social structures.
weed seed activities56
Weed & Seed Activities

Youth Programming on Saturday Nights

  • Opportunity for youth to be in a safe and positive environment on Saturday nights
  • Positive adult role models

for kids who may not have

the same at home

weed seed info
Weed & Seed Info
  • Community Capacity Development Office
  • Executive Office of Weed & Seed
  • NCJRS. Org