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Tree Diagrams / Labelling Phrases PowerPoint Presentation
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Tree Diagrams / Labelling Phrases

Tree Diagrams / Labelling Phrases

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Tree Diagrams / Labelling Phrases

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  1. Tree Diagrams /Labelling Phrases

  2. Example with brackets How would you divide this sentence into phrases? • The children put the toys in the box • [The children] [put[the toys] [in[the box] ] ]

  3. The Main Phrase Structure Rules 1. S  NP VP 2. NP  (Det) (AP) N (PP) 3. VP  (Aux) V (NP) 4. PP  (Deg) P (NP)

  4. Up Side Down Trees Sentence (+ Infl) Phrases (Phrases) SyntacticCategories Words

  5. O’Grady, p. 181-183 • How to build trees structures: (…)

  6. Drawing the tree diagram The Phrase

  7. How to Build a Tree (O’Grady, p. 181) Example - Phrase Tree (1) play with the toy VP VP V PP P NP Det N with the toy play

  8. Draw the tree Structure of phrase 1. repair the telephone 2. the success of the program 3. a film about pollution 4. move towards the window 5. The end of the road

  9. Draw the tree Structure of phrase repair the telephone VP NP V Det N

  10. Draw the tree Structure of phrase NP the success of the program PP NP Det N Prep Det N

  11. Draw the tree Structure of phrase a film about pollution NP PP NP Det N Prep N

  12. Draw the tree Structure of phrase move towards the window VP PP NP V Prep Det N

  13. Draw the tree Structure of phrase the end of the road NP PP NP Det N Prep Det N

  14. Drawing the tree diagram The Phrase

  15. How to Build a Tree (O’Grady, p. 181) Example – Sentence Tree (2) He likes the toy. S NP VP Pronoun (N) V NP Det N He likes the toy

  16. How to Build a Tree (O’Grady, p. 181) Example – Sentence Tree (2) The children like the toy. S NP VP Det N V NP PP N Det P NP Det N The children put the toy in the box

  17. Draw the structure trees for the following sentences Draw the tree structure of the following sentences: • Those guests should leave. • Maria never ate a brownie. • That shelf will fall. • The glass broke. • The student lost the debate. • The manager may offer a raise. Question # 5 (a–f) p. 187 (O’Grady)

  18. Draw the tree Structure of Sentence S Those guests should leave. NP VP Det N Aux V

  19. Draw the tree Structure of Sentence S Maria never ate a brownie. VP NP NP N Adv V Det N

  20. Draw the tree Structure of Sentence S That shelf will fall. NP VP Det N Aux V

  21. Draw the tree Structure of Sentence S The glass broke. NP VP Det N V

  22. Draw the tree Structure of Sentence S The student lost the debate. VP NP NP Det N V Det N

  23. Draw the tree Structure of Sentence S The manager may offer a raise. VP NP NP Det N Aux Det N V

  24. HOMEWORK Draw the treediagram of these phrases. 1. repair the telephone 2. hesuccess of the program 3. a fat ladies man

  25. Draw the tree Structure of phrase VP repair the telephone NP V Det N

  26. Draw the tree Structure of phrase the success of the program NP PP NP Det N Prep Det N

  27. Draw the tree Structure of phrase A ladies man who is fat. a fat ladies man NP Compound noun N Det Adj N N

  28. Draw the tree Structure of phrase A man who like larger ladies. a fat ladies man NP NP Det Adj N N

  29. PRACTICE DIAGRAMS Draw the tree diagram of these AMBIGUOUS phrases. Jane hid the letter from Dan. He likes raw vegetables and meat. The teacher spoke to the boy with a smile.

  30. Draw the tree Structure of phrase Jane didn’t want Dan to see the letter. S Jane hid the letter from Dan. VP PP NP NP NP N V Det N Prep N

  31. Draw the tree Structure of phrase Jane hid the letter that Dan wrote. S Jane hid the letter from Dan. VP NP PP NP NP N V Det N Prep N

  32. Draw the tree Structure of phrase He likes Raw vegetables & raw meat … yuck! S He likes raw vegetables and meat. VP NP NP N V Adj N Conj N

  33. Draw the tree Structure of phrase He likes Raw vegetables & meat S He likes raw vegetables and meat. NP VP NP NP N V Adj N Conj N

  34. Draw the tree Structure of phrase The teacher Spoke with a smile S The teacher spoke to the boy with a smile. VP NP PP PP NP NP Det N V Prep Det N Prep Det N

  35. Draw the tree Structure of phrase S The teacher Spoke to the smiling boy The teacher spoke to the boy with a smile. VP NP PP NP PP NP Det N V Prep Det N Prep Det N

  36. PRACTICE DIAGRAMS Draw the tree diagram of these phrases. My boss was very happy about her promotion. He put the car into the garage. Her children have gone to the movies.

  37. Draw the tree Structure of Sentence S My boss was very happy about her promotion. VP NP PP NP Det N Aux Adv Adj Prep Det N

  38. Draw the tree Structure of Sentence S He put the car into the garage. VP PP NP NP NP Det N V N Prep Det N

  39. Draw the tree Structure of Sentence S Her children have gone to the movies. VP PP NP NP Det Prep N Det Aux V N

  40. PRACTICE DIAGRAMS Draw the tree diagram of these phrases. You can use your credit card at the movies. The police examined a photograph of the accident. They arrested the suspect in the hotel.

  41. Draw the tree Structure of Sentence S You can use your credit card at the movies. VP PP NP NP NP N Prep Aux V Det Det N N N

  42. Draw the tree Structure of Sentence S The police examined a photograph of the accident. VP NP PP NP NP Det N V Det Det Prep N N

  43. Draw the tree Structure of Sentence S They arrested the suspect in the hotel. VP PP NP NP NP Det N V N Prep Det N

  44. PRACTICE DIAGRAMS Draw the tree diagram of these phrases. Ralph has found the key to the cabinet. My cat is very sick. My sister is signing in the festival. My mother is baking a cake for my sister.

  45. Draw the tree Structure of Sentence S Ralph has found the key to the cabinet VP PP NP NP NP Det N Aux V N Prep Det N

  46. Draw the tree Structure of Sentence S My cat is very sick. VP NP AdjP Det N V Adv Adj

  47. Draw the tree Structure of Sentence S My sister is signing in the festival. VP PP NP NP Det Prep N Det Aux V N

  48. Draw the tree Structure of Sentence S My mother is baking a cake for my sister. VP PP NP NP NP Det N Det Aux V N Prep Det N