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Tree Diagrams / Labelling Phrases. Example with brackets. How would you divide this sentence into phrases? The children put the toys in the box [The children] [ put [the toys] [i n [the box] ] ]. The Main Phrase Structure Rules. 1. S  NP VP 2. NP  (Det) (AP) N (PP)

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example with brackets
Example with brackets

How would you divide this sentence into phrases?

  • The children put the toys in the box
  • [The children] [put[the toys] [in[the box] ] ]
the main phrase structure rules
The Main Phrase Structure Rules

1. S  NP VP

2. NP  (Det) (AP) N (PP)

3. VP  (Aux) V (NP)

4. PP  (Deg) P (NP)

up side down trees
Up Side Down Trees

Sentence

(+ Infl)

Phrases

(Phrases)

SyntacticCategories

Words

o grady p 181 183
O’Grady, p. 181-183
  • How to build trees structures:

(…)

slide7

How to Build a Tree (O’Grady, p. 181)

Example - Phrase Tree (1)

play with the toy

VP

VP

V

PP

P

NP

Det

N

with

the

toy

play

draw the tree structure of phrase
Draw the tree Structure of phrase

1. repair the telephone

2. the success of the program

3. a film about pollution

4. move towards the window

5. The end of the road

draw the tree structure of phrase9
Draw the tree Structure of phrase

repair the telephone

VP

NP

V

Det

N

draw the tree structure of phrase10
Draw the tree Structure of phrase

NP

the success of the program

PP

NP

Det

N

Prep

Det

N

draw the tree structure of phrase11
Draw the tree Structure of phrase

a film about pollution

NP

PP

NP

Det

N

Prep

N

draw the tree structure of phrase12
Draw the tree Structure of phrase

move towards the window

VP

PP

NP

V

Prep

Det

N

draw the tree structure of phrase13
Draw the tree Structure of phrase

the end of the road

NP

PP

NP

Det

N

Prep

Det

N

slide15

How to Build a Tree (O’Grady, p. 181)

Example – Sentence Tree (2)

He likes the toy.

S

NP

VP

Pronoun (N)

V

NP

Det

N

He

likes

the

toy

slide16

How to Build a Tree (O’Grady, p. 181)

Example – Sentence Tree (2)

The children like the toy.

S

NP

VP

Det

N

V

NP

PP

N

Det

P

NP

Det

N

The

children

put

the

toy

in

the

box

draw the structure trees for the following sentences
Draw the structure trees for the following sentences

Draw the tree structure of the following sentences:

  • Those guests should leave.
  • Maria never ate a brownie.
  • That shelf will fall.
  • The glass broke.
  • The student lost the debate.
  • The manager may offer a raise.

Question # 5 (a–f) p. 187 (O’Grady)

draw the tree structure of sentence
Draw the tree Structure of Sentence

S

Those guests should leave.

NP

VP

Det

N

Aux

V

draw the tree structure of sentence19
Draw the tree Structure of Sentence

S

Maria never ate a brownie.

VP

NP

NP

N

Adv

V

Det

N

draw the tree structure of sentence20
Draw the tree Structure of Sentence

S

That shelf will fall.

NP

VP

Det

N

Aux

V

draw the tree structure of sentence21
Draw the tree Structure of Sentence

S

The glass broke.

NP

VP

Det

N

V

draw the tree structure of sentence22
Draw the tree Structure of Sentence

S

The student lost the debate.

VP

NP

NP

Det

N

V

Det

N

draw the tree structure of sentence23
Draw the tree Structure of Sentence

S

The manager may offer a raise.

VP

NP

NP

Det

N

Aux

Det

N

V

homework
HOMEWORK

Draw the treediagram of these phrases.

1. repair the telephone

2. hesuccess of the program

3. a fat ladies man

draw the tree structure of phrase25
Draw the tree Structure of phrase

VP

repair the telephone

NP

V

Det

N

draw the tree structure of phrase26
Draw the tree Structure of phrase

the success of the program

NP

PP

NP

Det

N

Prep

Det

N

draw the tree structure of phrase27
Draw the tree Structure of phrase

A ladies man

who is fat.

a fat ladies man

NP

Compound

noun

N

Det

Adj

N

N

draw the tree structure of phrase28
Draw the tree Structure of phrase

A man

who like

larger ladies.

a fat ladies man

NP

NP

Det

Adj

N

N

practice diagrams
PRACTICE DIAGRAMS

Draw the tree diagram of these AMBIGUOUS phrases.

Jane hid the letter from Dan.

He likes raw vegetables and meat.

The teacher spoke to the boy with a smile.

draw the tree structure of phrase30
Draw the tree Structure of phrase

Jane didn’t want

Dan to see

the letter.

S

Jane hid the letter from Dan.

VP

PP

NP

NP

NP

N

V

Det

N

Prep

N

draw the tree structure of phrase31
Draw the tree Structure of phrase

Jane hid

the letter

that Dan wrote.

S

Jane hid the letter from Dan.

VP

NP

PP

NP

NP

N

V

Det

N

Prep

N

draw the tree structure of phrase32
Draw the tree Structure of phrase

He likes

Raw vegetables

& raw meat … yuck!

S

He likes raw vegetables and meat.

VP

NP

NP

N

V

Adj

N

Conj

N

draw the tree structure of phrase33
Draw the tree Structure of phrase

He likes

Raw vegetables

& meat

S

He likes raw vegetables and meat.

NP

VP

NP

NP

N

V

Adj

N

Conj

N

draw the tree structure of phrase34
Draw the tree Structure of phrase

The teacher

Spoke

with a smile

S

The teacher spoke to the boy with a smile.

VP

NP

PP

PP

NP

NP

Det

N

V

Prep

Det

N

Prep

Det

N

draw the tree structure of phrase35
Draw the tree Structure of phrase

S

The teacher

Spoke

to the smiling boy

The teacher spoke to the boy with a smile.

VP

NP

PP

NP

PP

NP

Det

N

V

Prep

Det

N

Prep

Det

N

practice diagrams36
PRACTICE DIAGRAMS

Draw the tree diagram of these phrases.

My boss was very happy about her promotion.

He put the car into the garage.

Her children have gone to the movies.

draw the tree structure of sentence37
Draw the tree Structure of Sentence

S

My boss was very happy about her promotion.

VP

NP

PP

NP

Det

N

Aux

Adv

Adj

Prep

Det

N

draw the tree structure of sentence38
Draw the tree Structure of Sentence

S

He put the car into the garage.

VP

PP

NP

NP

NP

Det

N

V

N

Prep

Det

N

draw the tree structure of sentence39
Draw the tree Structure of Sentence

S

Her children have gone to the movies.

VP

PP

NP

NP

Det

Prep

N

Det

Aux

V

N

practice diagrams40
PRACTICE DIAGRAMS

Draw the tree diagram of these phrases.

You can use your credit card at the movies.

The police examined a photograph of the accident.

They arrested the suspect in the hotel.

draw the tree structure of sentence41
Draw the tree Structure of Sentence

S

You can use your credit card at the movies.

VP

PP

NP

NP

NP

N

Prep

Aux

V

Det

Det

N

N

N

draw the tree structure of sentence42
Draw the tree Structure of Sentence

S

The police examined a photograph of the accident.

VP

NP

PP

NP

NP

Det

N

V

Det

Det

Prep

N

N

draw the tree structure of sentence43
Draw the tree Structure of Sentence

S

They arrested the suspect in the hotel.

VP

PP

NP

NP

NP

Det

N

V

N

Prep

Det

N

practice diagrams44
PRACTICE DIAGRAMS

Draw the tree diagram of these phrases.

Ralph has found the key to the cabinet.

My cat is very sick.

My sister is signing in the festival.

My mother is baking a cake for my sister.

draw the tree structure of sentence45
Draw the tree Structure of Sentence

S

Ralph has found the key to the cabinet

VP

PP

NP

NP

NP

Det

N

Aux

V

N

Prep

Det

N

draw the tree structure of sentence46
Draw the tree Structure of Sentence

S

My cat is very sick.

VP

NP

AdjP

Det

N

V

Adv

Adj

draw the tree structure of sentence47
Draw the tree Structure of Sentence

S

My sister is signing in the festival.

VP

PP

NP

NP

Det

Prep

N

Det

Aux

V

N

draw the tree structure of sentence48
Draw the tree Structure of Sentence

S

My mother is baking a cake for my sister.

VP

PP

NP

NP

NP

Det

N

Det

Aux

V

N

Prep

Det

N