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EDN 523. APA Basics: Citations & Beyond. The “Elements” of a Citation. Authors (4.08; 224) Publication date (4.09; 224) Title of article or item (4.10; 226) Publication source/information (4.11; 227) Retrieval & use of electronic resources (4.15; 231). Author Element.

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edn 523

EDN 523

APA Basics:

Citations & Beyond

the elements of a citation
The “Elements” of a Citation
  • Authors (4.08; 224)
  • Publication date (4.09; 224)
  • Title of article or item (4.10; 226)
  • Publication source/information (4.11; 227)
  • Retrieval & use of electronic resources (4.15; 231)
author element
Author Element
  • Print or Electronic Sources
  • Purdue’s OWL
    • http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/06/
  • Randall Library
    • http://library.uncw.edu/web/research/citation/apa.html
  • In-text citations
    • http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/03/
publication date element
Publication Date Element
  • Basic Rules : Time & availability make a difference
  • (Year).
  • (Year, Month).
    • When the source reflects:
    • meetings; monthly magazines; newsletters; newspapers
  • (Year, Month day#).
    • When the source reflects:
    • Dailies; weeklies
  • (in press).
    • Any resources accepted for publication but not yet available
  • (n.d.).
    • Any resources with not available date/s
  • http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/07/
title element
Title Element
  • Pemberton, J. M., & Lounsbury, J. W. (2004). Mood management across affective states. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 66, 1034-1048.
  • . . . Mood management across affective states:Watson’s Hedonic Contingency Hypothesis.Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 66, 1034-1048.
  • Pemberton, J. G., & Petty, R. E. (2005). Flexible correction processes in social judgment:Do Nelson’s theories of corrections for perceived bias make a difference.Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 68, 36-51.
publication source element
Publication Source Element
  • Print resources
  • Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages.
  • … Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 55, 893-896.
  • … Educational Psychology Journal, 15(4), 5-13.
publication source element1
Publication Source Element
  • Electronic resources
  • Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages.
  • … AERJ, 85(2), 5-13.
  • What’s added?
    • Retrieval information: Date & Location
electronic resources
Electronic Resources

Owl Purdue Electronic Sources

  • http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/10/

UW-Madison Writing Center

  • http://www.wisc.edu/writing/Handbook/DocAPAReferences_Elec.html

UNCW Writing Center (p.14-16)

  • http://uncw.edu/stuaff/uls/documents/APAStyleGuide-RevisedSP08.pdf
electronic non print sources
Electronic/Non-Print Sources
  • Online Periodical

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Online Periodical, volume number(issue number if available).Retrieved month day, year, (if necessary) fromhttp://www.someaddress.com/full/url/

    • … A List Apart: For People Who Make Websites, 149. Retrieved May 2, 2006, fromhttp://www.alistapart.com/articles/writeliving
electronic non print sources1
Electronic/Non-Print Sources
  • Article From Online Database

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number (issue number). Retrieved month day, year, fromspecificTITLE database.

    • … Journal of Abnormal Eating, 8(3).Retrieved February 20, 2003, fromPsycARTICLES database.
electronic non print sources2
Electronic/Non-Print Sources
  • Newspaper Article Online

Author, A. A.(Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Newspaper. Retrieved month day, year, from http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/

Parker-Pope, T.(2008, May 6). Psychiatry handbook linked to drug industry. The New York Times. Retrieved May 7, 2008 from http://www.nytimes.com

electronic non print sources3
Electronic/Non-Print Sources
  • Internet Articles based on (identical to) Print Source

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article [Electronic Version]. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages.

VandenBos, G., Knapp, S., & Doe, J. (2001). Role of reference elements in the selection of resources by psychology undergraduates [Electronic version]. Journal of Bibliographic Research,5(4), 7-23.

electronic non print sources4
Electronic/Non-Print Sources
  • Online Interviews
    • If the interview is not available in an audio or print form, cite the interview only in the text. (Include month, day, and year in text as well)
    • If the interview is available in audio/print do as follows:
      • Butler, C. (Interviewer) & Stevenson, R. (Interviewee). (1999). Oral History 2 [Interview transcript]. Retrieved from Johnson Space Center Oral Histories Project Web site:http://www11.jsc.nasa.gov/history/oral_histories/oral_histories.htm
electronic non print sources5
Electronic/Non-Print Sources
  • Multipage Document Created by Private Organization

Organization Name. (Date). Title of document. Retrieved Month day, year, fromhttp://www.someaddress.org/full/url

Greater New Milford (Ct) Area Healthy Community 2000, Task Force on Teen and Adolescent Isues. (n.d.). Who has time for a family meal? You do!Retrieved October 5, 2000, fromhttp://www.familymealtime.org

      • Note: Use n.d. (no date) when a publication date is not available
electronic non print sources6
Electronic/Non-Print Sources
  • Stand-alone Document

Author, A. A., Author B. B., Author C. C.(Date). Title of document. Retrieved Month day, year, fromhttp://www.someaddress.com/full/url

GVU’s 8th WWW user survey. (n.d.). Retrieved August 8, 2000, fromhttp://www.cc.gatech.edu/gvu/user_surveys/survey-1997-10/

      • If there is no identified author of the document, begin with the title of the document.
electronic non print sources7
Electronic/Non-Print Sources
  • Report From Private Organization, Available on Organization Web Site

Organization name. (Year). Title of report/document.Retrieved Month day, year, fromhttp://www.someaddress.com/full/url

Canarie, Inc.(1997, September 27). Towards a Canadian health IWAY: Vision, opportunities and future steps.Retrieved November 8, 2000, fromhttp://www.canarie.ca/press/publications/pdf/health/healthvision.doc

electronic non print resources
Electronic/Non-Print Resources
  • Wiki pages (Note: APA Style Guide warns that wikis (like Wikipedia, for example) are collaborative projects and cannot guarantee verifiability of entries.

Title of document/page. (Date). Retrieved Month day, year, fromthe Name Of Wiki: http://wiki.someaddress.com/full/url

OLPC Peru/Arahuay. (n.d.). Retrieved May 1, 2008, fromthe OLPC Wiki: http://wiki.laptop. org/go/OLPC_Peru/Arahuay

electronic non print sources8
Electronic/Non-Print Sources
  • Electronic Copy of Abstract (from Online Database)
      • If you cite an abstract but the full text of the article is also available, cite the abstract as you would the article and add [Abstract] to the end of the title. If the abstract is the only thing available, write “Abstract retrieved from…” and provide the Database name or URL

Paterson, P. (2008). How well do young offenders with Asperger Syndrome cope in custody?: Two prison case studies [Abstract]. British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 36(1), 54-58. Retrieved from EBSCO Host database.

Bossong, G. (2009). Ergativity in Basque. Linguistics, 22(3), 341-392. Abstract retrieved fromLinguistics Abstracts Online.