Tobacco in the UK. Clive Bates Director Action on Smoking and Health. King James I counterblaste.
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Action on Smoking and Health
UK CIGARETTE SMOKING BY DEPRIVATION
A lethal product with over 50 known health impacts - including harm to non-smokers - sold by a predatory industry which nurtures teenage smoking until nicotine addiction takes over.Politics: two views
US data 1991, Institute of Medicine
Younger adult smokers are the only source of replacement smokers... If younger adults turn away from smoking, the industry must decline, just as a population which does not give birth will eventually dwindle.
(RJ Reynolds, 1984)
A cigarette for the beginner is a symbolic act. I am no longer my mother's child, I'm tough, I am an adventurer, I'm not square …
As the force from the psychological symbolism subsides, the pharmacological effect takes over to sustain the habit.
1. Adult smoking 28% > 26% > 24%
2. Pregnant women 23% > 18% > 15%
3. Teenagers 11-15 13% > 11% > 9%
“The tobacco industry has succeeded where many health education programs have failed because they capitalize on the deep social needs that most compel adolescents: to fit in, to exert independence from parental control, and to demonstrate physical agility and sexual allure.”
Price = £4.21
Taxes = £3.34
Source: Office of National Statistics, 1997 data
Charter and market forces
Health and Safety at Work Act
Campaigns and culture
Source: Health Canada (1995 study) 1 Euro = 1.5 C$
Source: NOP (1996) Smoking in public places: 2nd survey report
"to provide and maintain a safe working environment which is, so far as is reasonably practicable, safe, without risks to health and adequate as regards facilities and arrangements for their welfare at work".
>>>> Development of Approved Code of Practice (ACoP)
The signatories to this Charter recognise that non-smoking is the general norm and that there should be increasing provision of facilities for non- smokers and the availability of clean air.
Source: SCPR (1996) Health Survey for England, 1995 (under 16s assumed to be non-smokers)