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Mycoplasma Genitalium. Genome Project. Sharndeep Kaur. Genome. Name: Mycoplasma genitalium G-37 Kingdom: Bacteria Intermediate 1. Firmicutes 2. Bacillus/Clostridium group 3. Mollicutes 4.Mycoplasmataceae Genus: Mycoplasma Species: genitalium Strain G-37.

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mycoplasma genitalium

Mycoplasma Genitalium

Genome Project

Sharndeep Kaur

genome
Genome
  • Name: Mycoplasma genitalium G-37
  • Kingdom: Bacteria
  • Intermediate

1. Firmicutes2. Bacillus/Clostridium group3. Mollicutes

4.Mycoplasmataceae

  • Genus: Mycoplasma
  • Species: genitalium Strain G-37
background mycoplasmas
BackgroundMycoplasmas
  • Mycoplasmas are members of the class Mollicutesand comprise a large group of bacteria which lack a cell wall, have small genomes, and a characteristically low

G+ C content.

  • These diverse organisms are parasites for a wide range of hosts including humans, animals, insects, plants, and cells grown in tissue culture.
  • Mycoplasmas are of interest because they are believed to represent a minimal life form, having yielded to selective pressure to reduce genome size.
background mycoplasma genitalium
BackgroundMycoplasma Genitalium
  • Mycoplasma genitalium has the smallest genome size of 580 kb
  • Lacks cell wall
  • A gram-positive bacterium, is believed to be the cause of non-gonococcal urethritis (NGU)
  • Causes reproductive-tract infections
  • Urogenital tract may be the primary site of infection
  • Exists in parasitic association with ciliated epithelial cells of primate genital and respiratory tracts
  • Common name: Tully JG et al. or G-37
slide5

Background continues

  • Mycoplasmas were initially mistaken for viruses because they can pass through 0.45 µm filters. This is attributable not only to their small size, but also the flexibility of their cell envelope.
  • Only a few strains have been cultivated
background continues
Background continues
  • Analysis of rRNAs and tRNAs from mycoplasmas suggests that M. Genitalium arose through loss of genetic material from low G+C gram-positive ancestors of the Lactobacillus-Clostridium branch of the phylogenetic tree
  • Molecular characterization of the M. genitalium genome is hindered by the difficulty in applying classical genetics to the study of this and other mycoplasmas, and the lack of available auxotrophic mutants due to the requirement of this organism for complex media for growth in culture
why do biologists want to study this organism
Why do biologists want to study this organism?
  • Because it is considered to be the organism (not counting viruses) with the smallest genome
slide8

Sequence information

  • Sequenced by Fraser et al.
  • Completed: Jan 8, 2001
  • Sequencing Center: TIGR
  • Funding Center: DOE
  • Publication: PUBMED abstract
genome stats
Genome Stats:
  • The complete nucleotide sequence is580,070 base pairs (smallest known genome of any free-living organism)
  • A total of only 470 predicted coding regions were identified that include genes required for DNA replication, transcription and translation, DNA repair, cellular transport, and energy metabolism.
  • Low G+C % content (32%)
  • UGA, normally a stop codon, encodes for the amino acid tryptophan.
genome links
Genome Links
  • www.Genome.ucsc.edu
  • http://gnn.tigr.org/main.shtml
  • http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
  • http://www.tigr.org/tigr-scripts/CMR2/GenomePage3.spl?database=gmg
  • http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=nucleotide&list_uids=12044850&dopt=GenBank