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. The EU and urban mobility and transport. Vincent LEINER Clean Transport and Sustainable Urban Mobility. Overview. Background The Challenges The near term – The Action Plan The long term – EU vision for the future Civitas – Developing solutions for tomorrow Conclusions. Background.

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The eu and urban mobility and transport

The EU and urban mobility and transport

Vincent LEINER

Clean Transport and Sustainable Urban Mobility


  • Background

  • The Challenges

  • The near term – The Action Plan

  • The long term – EU vision for the future

  • Civitas – Developing solutions for tomorrow

  • Conclusions


  • Transport is a pillar of all economic, social and culture life in the EU

  • Europe 2020 Strategy underlines the importance of a mordernised and sustainable European transport system for the future development of the Union

  • Over 70% of our citizens live in towns and cities; over 85% of the EU GDP is generated in urban areas

  • Thus, the urban dimension of transport needs to be considered. Urban transport more prominent of EU’s polical agenda than ever

The challenges
The Challenges

  • Maintain an effective and efficient EU transport system that meets the needs of citizens, businesses, and industry

  • Reduce the negative impacts of transport on

    • Energy-supply security (oil dependency)

    • Environment

    • Citizens’ health and well-being

    • Climate

  • Maintain commitment in time of economic crises

  • Subsidiarity requires that all levels of governance need to meet the challenges (local, national, EU)

The short term
The short term

  • Green Paper on Urban Mobility in 2007 gave new impetus to debate on urban transport in Europe

  • Extensive stakeholder consultation helped identify 20 concrete EU-level actions in six thematic areas for implementation until 2012

  • The Action Plan on Urban Mobility of September 2009 provides a coherent framework for these action

  • Actions do not impose on-size-fits-all solutions but support and complement local efforts

  • Review in 2012

The short term1
The short term

Promoting integrated policies

  • Accelerate the take up of sustainable urban mobility plans (A1)

    • Information, best practice exchange, training, promotion

    • Longer term: incentives? Recommendations?

      Focussing on cizens

  • Passenger rights in urban public transport (A4)

    • Dialogue leading to voluntary commitments on quality indicators, complaint procedures, reporting, …

  • Improve accessibility of urban transport (A5)

    • Include urban mobility in EU disability strategy

The short term2
The short term

Focussing on citizens

  • Improve travel information (A6)

    • Links between travel planners

    • Ultimate aim: single travel information portal

  • Campaigns on sustainable mobility behaviour (A8)

    • Maintain support, incl. for European Mobility Week

      Greening urban transport

  • Research and demonstration for lower and zero emission vehicles (A10)

  • Internet-guide on clean vehicles (A11)

    • Information on vehicles, facilitation of clean and joint procurement

The short term3
The short term

Strengthening funding

  • Optimise existing funding sources (A14)

  • Analyse needs for future funding (A15)

    • Continue CIVITAS

    • As part of reflection on next multi-annual financial framework: identify funding needs for urban mobility

      Sharing experience and knowledge

  • Improve the availability of data and statistics for policy making in the field of urban transport (A16)

  • Urban mobility observatory in form of a virtual platform based on ELTIS (A17)

The long term
The long term

  • Europe 2020 Strategy underlined importance of a modernised transport system for the future development of the Union (incl. the urban dimension)

  • Strategic vision for the future of the European transport system provided with the recent transport White Paper: Roadmap to a Single European Transport Area

  • Urban transport Green Paper (2007) and “Future for Transport” (2009) were basis for wide debate on the challenges and opportunities for the transport sector in the long-term

The 2011 white paper
The 2011 White Paper

  • Urban transport has been mainstreamed in the EU transport policy and many of the 10 goals and 40 initiatives of the White Paper link to urban transport:

    • Halve the use of ‘conventionally-fuelled’ cars in urban transport by 2030; phase them out in cities by 2050; achieve essentially CO2-free city logistics by 2030

    • By 2020, establish the framework for a European multimodal transport information, management and payment system

    • 2050, move close to zero fatalities in road transport

    • Move towards full application of “user pays” and “polluter pays” principles

The 2011 white paper1
The 2011 White Paper

  • Activities linked to action in urban areas:

    • 31: support cities in establishing sustainable urban mobility plans and urban mobility audits, setting up a European Urban Mobility Scoreboard => link access to regional development and cohesion funds to cities with sustainable urban transport strategy

    • 32: Validated framework for urban road user charging and access restriction zones

The 2011 white paper2
The 2011 White Paper

  • Activities linked to action in urban areas:

    • 33: Define strategy for moving towards “zero-emission urban logistics” and promoting joint public procurement

    • 16: “Towards a ‘zero-vision’ on road safety, with particular attention to vulnerable users

    • 22: Seamless door-to-door mobility (system for interoperable and multimodal scheduling, information, online reservation, smart ticketing)

The 2011 white paper3
The 2011 White Paper

  • Activities linked to action in urban areas:

    • 27: Travel information and awareness raising

    • 30: Eco-driving requirements in future revisions of the driving licence directive

The 2011 white paper4
The 2011 White Paper

  • Activities linked to action in urban areas:

    • 24: A technology roadmap for innovation

    • 25: An innovation and deployment strategy

    • 26: A regulatory framework for innovative transport

      Activities aim to foster innovation and deployment of urban transport technologies (including vehicles, alternative fuels, management and information systems, etc.) through demonstration projects, standards, smart mobility partnerships, guidelines, public procurement …

Civitas developing tomorrow s solutions

Civitas – Developing tomorrow’s solutions

  • Development of new technologies and integrated concepts for urban mobility in demonstration projects

  • City-led cooperation and information exchange across Europe

  • Promoting an integrated approach

  • Funded by EU Research Framework Programme

  • Keyfigures:

    • 58 demonstration cities

    • Over 200 network cities

    • 200 M€ funding since 2002



Eu funding instruments examples i
EU Funding Instruments – Examples I

  • EU Research Framework Programme

    - Total of 4.16 B€ committed to transport theme in FP7

  • Structural and cohesion funds

    - Approx. 8 B€ allocated to clean urban transport

    - Provide e.g. financial support for 'transport investments and integrated strategies for clean transport’ and for 'promoting clean and sustainable public transport, particularly in urban areas.‘

  • Public Private Partnerships

    - e.g. Green Cars Initiative of the European Economic Recovery Plan with a budget of 5 B€ (1 B€ RTD grants + 4 B€ EIB loans)

Eu funding instruments examples ii
EU Funding Instruments – Examples II

  • Marguerite - the 2020 European Fund for Energy, Climate Change and Infrastructure

    - joint initiative of Europe’s leading public financial institutions , including EIB

    - supports green field investments in a number of target sectors, including transport

  • Other instruments and programmes: STEER, MARCO POLO, …

  • General grants and tenders (e.g. for studies)


  • An EU vision for the long-term development of the European transport system has been elaborated and embraces the urban dimension

  • As the same time, the Commission will continue with the implementation of its Action Plan on Urban Mobility

  • Continue the Civitas Initiative

Thank you

  • Contact:

    Vincent Leiner

    Clean Transport and Sustainable Urban Mobility


    [email protected]

  • Additional information: