ORIGINS OF INDIAN REMOVAL. IN THE LATE 1780S U.S. OFFICIALS BEGAN TO URGE THE CHEROKEES TO ABANDON HUNTING AND THEIR TRADITIONAL WAYS OF LIFE AND TO INSTEAD LEARN HOW TO LIVE, WORSHIP, AND FARM LIKE CHRISTIAN AMERICAN YEOMEN.
THOMAS JEFFERSON MADE A COMPACT WITH THE STATE OF
GEORGIA IN 1802 TO ASSIST GEORGIA REMOVE ITS CHEROKEE
INDIANS IF THE STATE AGREED TO EXTINGUISH ITS CLAIMS TO
WESTERN LANDS (PRESENT DAY ALABAMA AND MISSISSIPPI).
TO ASSIST IN BRINGING PRESSURES FOR REMOVAL THE STATE OF
GEORGIA ADOPTED A NUMBER OF REPRESSIVE ACTS DEPRIVING
INDIANS OF PREVIOUSLY RECOGNIZED RIGHTS INCLUDING THE
OPPORTUNITY TO TESTIFY IN COURT AS WELL AS LEGISLATION
PROVIDING FOR A LOTTERY FOR DISTRIBUTION TO WHITES OF
INDIAN LANDS HISTORICALLY OWNED AND PRESENTLY OCCUPIED
BY THE CHEROKEES.
Read the following article written by Rennard J. and William M. Strickland regarding “The Court and the Trail of Tears.”
See the following website:
“Present Crisis in the Condition
of the American Indians”
Discusses the obligations of the Georgia
Compact of 1802
Although gold was found all the way from
Virginia to Alabama, a particularly rich belt
was discovered on Cherokee Indian land in
Georgia, near what was to become
Dahlonega, in 1828, causing a huge influx
First the frontier town of Auraria sprang up
around the mines, then nearby Dahlonega
(from the Cherokee language, meaning
"yellow money") edged her out as the
newly-formed Lumpkin County seat.
Thousands of gold seekers flooded into
North Georgia between 1828 to 1847 starting
the nation’s first major gold rush.
No documented evidence for gold in Georgia is found until August 1, 1829, when a Milledgeville newspaper, the Georgia Journal, ran the following notice.
Refers to gold that has washed down from the hillsides and settled along mountain streams. At first, miners found gold easily by dredging the rivers and looking for gold along the riverbanks.
This is an engraving of the Georgia land lottery, circa 1830s
Called the "Showplace of the Cherokee Nation", this two-story classic brick mansion was built by Chief James Vann in 1804.
Decorated with beautiful Cherokee hand carvings done in natural colors of blue, red, green and yellow, the home features a cantilevered stairway and many fine antiques.
Williams, David. The Georgia Gold Rush: Twenty-Niners, Cherokees, and Gold Fever (Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1993).